Ein el-Jarba (Israel) is an Early Chalcolithic settlement dating to the 6th millennium BC. Excavations conducted between 2013 and 2016 uncovered domestic architecture, burials, a rich assemblage of ceramic and lithic industry of the Wadi Rabah culture. Imported items such as obsidian and sherds of Halaf ware attest to a network of transregional connections of the site.
Ein el-Jarba (Israel), located c. 20 km south-east of Haifa in the Jezreel Valley, is an Early Chalcolithic settlement of the Wadi Rabah culture, dating to the 6th millennium BC. From 2013 to 2016, five seasons of excavation were conducted at the site on behalf of Hebrew University of Jerusalem, funded by a research grant of the Fritz Thyssen Foundation (Az. 10.14.2.048). The site yielded major occupation levels from the Early Chalcolithic (6th millennium BC), the Early Bronze Age (4th millennium BC) and the Hellenistic period (4th–3rd centuries BC).
The dominant strata of the site, and focus of this project, were the remains of the Early Chalcolithic Wadi Rabah culture. Rectilinear architecture with floors and working surfaces, a rich ceramic, flint and ground stone assemblage, as well as figurative objects were uncovered. Adult and infant burials were found between these remains, most of them probably interred a short time after the abandonment of the settlement. Further, evidence for an intensive long-distance trade with Anatolia, the northern Levant and northern Mesopotamia is evident in imported goods such as obsidian and single sherds of Halaf ware. The excavation is now in its publication phase, and the final report of the project is being prepared.