Due to the construction of a golf resort, rescue excavations were conducted near Romanos between 2007 and 2011. Main result was the discovery of an Early Helladic settlement, so far, the biggest settlement in Messenia dating to Early Helladic II. Workshops for obsidian and copper/bronze were present, illustrating connections to the Cyclades. An Early Helladic well produced pots which had been ritually deposited.
Extensive rescue excavations have been carried out by Jörg Rambach between 2007 and 2011 in the area of a huge golf resort and hotel complex as part of the program P.O.T.A. Romanou (POTA = Περιοχή Ολοκληρωμένης Τουριστικής Ανάπτυξης, i.e. area of Tourist Development) for the construction of the hotel complex Costa Navarino – Navarino Dunes. The complex is close to the coast of the Ionian Sea, north-west of the village of Romanos, which now operates under the name ‘Navarino-Dunes’. The excavations took place under the supervision of the 38th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities of Messenia of the Greek Ministry of Culture, and the developers had to bear all costs incurred. Archaeological remains were found mainly south of the Selas River, close to the southern and eastern borders of the site. In addition to a hitherto completely unknown Early Archaic Greek sanctuary with Early Archaic temple, a large Hellenistic farm house, a early Mycenaean beehive tomb and graves and settlement remains from the proto-geometric to the Geometric Period, a part of the largest known Early Helladic II settlement (minimum expansion 40,000 m²) in Messenia was uncovered. The settlement began already in Early Helladic I or at the transition to Early Helladic II, as pits with Talioti ware confirm. In general, the Early Helladic II settlement seems to have been very well organized. All buildings, rectangular and spacious, had the same SSW-NNE orientation, and streets were set at right angles to each other.
The most important findings were:
It seems that the settlement of Romanos was the central place of the wider environment in EH II and was safely connected to the Cyclades by means of procurement and processing of large amounts of obsidian. A further indication of connections to the Cyclades is the smelting of copper or bronze in the workshop built for this purpose.