The research areas of the Department of ›Prehistory & West Asian/Northeast African Archaeology‹ include Quaternary Archaeology, Prehistory, Near Eastern Archaeology and Egyptology. The groups cover an essential cultural area of prehistoric and early historical developments in Europe, North Africa and West Asia. Prehistory is embedded in the world archaeology without geographical borders. The focus of the basic research lies in the time horizon from the Quaternary about 2.6 million years ago to the transformation of societies into historical epochs in the 1st millennium BC. The chronological expertise of the groups covers the periods Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age to Early Iron Age. The archaeology of West Asia and North Africa is linked to the Mediterranean and Europe, which enables large-scale and chronologically broad basic research on human history.