Glottocode: mode1248, ISO 639-3: ell

The modern Greek dialects and local varieties stem from Hellenistic Greek Koine and its successor medieval Greek. An exception is the Tsakonian dialect which is spoken in the area of Kynouria in the Peloponnese and has its roots in the post-classical Laconian (Doric) dialect.

The varieties of modern Greek were cut off, both linguistically and historically, from the main body of medieval Greek and developed independently. The Pontic, the Cappadocian and the Southern Italy Greek belong in this cluster. The rest of the dialectal varieties originate from the late medieval Greek and cover the entire territory of the Greek state but also some areas where historically pure Greek populations lived. These areas now belong to other countries while their inhabitants moved en masse and settled in Greece after 1922. Today, outside the borders of Greece, Greek-speaking populations exist in Southern Italy, in Southern Albania, Turkey and Georgia, and to a lesser extent in Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Syria, Egypt and in the world wide diaspora.

The data that VLACH will publish here will be delivered from various field research in all regions of the Greek-speaking areas.

Settlements represented in our collection