Balkan Nomads Oral Material Annotated & Documented

The online publication BalkaNOMAD is dedicated to the pastoral cultures of the southern Balkan Peninsula and offers annotated documentation of a descriptive fieldwork in original languages (Aromanian, Albanian, Greek, Macedonian) and includes data from the FWF project "Terminology of mobile shepherds".

FWF project numbers:
PUD 5-G28
P 19406

The border triangle involving Albania, Greece and North Macedonia is characterized by high mountain ranges (Pindos, Grammos, Baba, Nemerçka) with several elevations exceeding 2,500 metres, as well as deep gorges, river valleys and polje. For the nomadic shepherd populations, the distant plains and the Adriatic, Ionic and Aegean coastlands are important supplementary landscapes. Even today, the climatic conditions and vegetation force a large part of the shepherd population towards a high degree of mobility. The mobile herdsmen of south-east Europe drove their herds over long distances up to 400 km in a few weeks between the high altitudes in summer and the lowlands in winter. The target group for the research was shepherds with an active knowledge of Aromanian, Greek, Albanian and/or Macedonian. The questionnaire aimed to obtain direct information about linguistic contact, language acquisition, assimilation and multilingualism. Texts with everyday language, biographical reports, legends, descriptions of migrations, equipment and processes could be collected.