Glottocode: mont1282

Montenegrin (crnogorski) is the normative variety of the Bosnian/Croatian/Montenegrin/Serbian (BCMS) language, which is mainly used by Montenegrins. It is Montenegro’s official language, based on New Shtokavian which is also the basis of Standard Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian.

Montenegro's language has historically and traditionally been called either Montenegrin, Serbian, or simply "our language". The idea of a standardized Montenegrin language, separate from Serbian, came up in the 1990s during the breakup of Yugoslavia, through proponents of Montenegrin independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Today Montenegrin is the official language of Montenegro with the ratification of a new constitution on 22 October 2007; its orthography was established in 2009 with the addition of two letters to the alphabet.

VLACH begins to deal with the varieties of Montenegro less out of dialectological interest than out of musicological and narratological interest.

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