Glottocode: tran1277

Transylvania is situated in the central and north-western part of today’s Romania. Even if one can find a great variety of minorities, the majority of the inhabitants are Romanians. The Romanian language is an Eastern Romance language which descends from the Vulgar Latin spoken in the Roman provinces of south-eastern Europe with a considerable Slavic superstratum. Romanian is spoken by 24-26 million people as a native language, mostly in Romania as well as Moldova where it also has official status. In the last decades of the 20th century, numerous Romanian speakers not only spread across many countries of the European Union but also North and South America, as well as Oceania.The most important feature of the Transylvanian patois is the palatalization of ndt, and the usage of ε and ɔ, but there are also notable exceptions in areas such as Țara Oașului, Țara Moților, Țara Făgărașului, Țara Hațegului, etc. where these features are either partially or totally inexistent. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the patois from Transylvania kept archaic features similar to the Romanian idiom from other regions such as Moldova or Wallachia. Such a situation was caused because, until the Austro-Hungarian period (but also after that), the majority of the Transylvanian Romanians were peasants and illiterate.

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