Short bio

Marco Ferrante (born 1980) studied Sanskrit and classical Indian philosophy at Sapienza University of Rome. His scientific activity is mainly concerned with Brahmanical philosophical texts (in particular the work of Bhartṛhari and non-dualistic traditions), with a focus on epistemology, metaphysics, linguistics and philosophy of mind.

Marco Ferrante joined the IKGA in 2013, participating in the project “Language and action in early Brahmanical philosophy”, led by Vincent Eltschinger and funded by the FWF (Austrian Science Fund).

Between 2015 and 2018 he worked in the framework of a further FWF-funded project, “A Śaiva interpretation for the Buddhist theory of exclusion (apoha)”, led by Marion Rastelli.

Between 2018 and 2020 he was Berggruen Fellow of Comparative Philosophy at the University of Oxford.

In 2020 he joined the project “Deontic logic”, led by Agata Ciabattoni and Elisa Freschi, and funded by WWTF.

Selected publications



  • Indian Perspectives on Consciousness, Language and Self. The School of Recognition on Linguistics and Philosophy of Mind. London: Routledge. 2021.

Articles, book chapters, encyclopedia entries

  • “The Pratyabhijñā on Consciousness and Self-consciousness: a Comparative Perspective”. Accepted for Felicitation Volume. Forthcoming in 2020.
  • “Bhartṛhari” in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. To be published online in September 2020.
  • “The Place of Language in the Philosophy of the Recognition” in A. Graheli (ed.) The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Indian Philosophy of Language. Bloomsbury: London, 2020, 135-149.
  • “Studies on Bhartṛhari and the Pratyabhijñā: Language, Knowledge and Consciousness”. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 48 (2): 147–159. 2020.
  • “Studies on Bhartṛhari and the Pratyabhijñā: the case of svasaṃvedana”. Proceedings of the Conference of the Society for the Tantric Studies. Religions 2017 8, 145; DOI: 10.3390/rel8080145 ,
  • 2017.
  • “Bhartṛhari and verbal testimony. A hyper-antireductionist approach?” in D. Cuneo–E. Freschi–C. Formigatti (eds.). Not Far Afield: Asian Perspectives on Sexuality, Testimony and Print Culture. A Coffee Break Project. Kervan 21: 227-246, 2017.
  • “On ṛṣis and yogins: Immediate and Mediate Extraordinary Cognitions in Early Brahmanical Thought”. In R. Torella–M. Franceschini–T. Pontillo–C. Pieruccini–A. Rigopoulos–F. Sferra (eds.).
  • Proceedings of the Meeting of the Italian Association of Sanskrit Studies. Rivista degli Studi Orientali. Supplemento 2, vol. LXXXIX, 2016, 41-62.
  • “Vṛṣabhadeva on the status of ordinary phenomena: between Bhartṛhari and Advaita Vedānta”. Journal of Indian Philosophy 43 (1): 61-83, 2015.
  • “How to obtain salvation through Language? Bhartṛhari on Śabdapūrvayoga” in A. Keidan (ed.) The Study of South Asia between Antiquity and Modernity. Parallels and Comparisons. Rivista degli Studi Orientali. Supplemento 2: 161-176. DOI: 10.1400/234729, 2014.
  • “Vṛṣabhadeva’s Sphuṭākṣarā on Bhartṛhari’s metaphysics: commentarial strategy and new interpretations”. Journal of Indian Philosophy 41 (2): 133-149, 2013.