Fr, 13.11.2020 11:00

Grad–Shafranov reconstruction of the magnetic configuration in the reconnection X-point vicinity in compressible plasma

The reconstruction problem for steady symmetrical two-dimensional magnetic reconnection is addressed in the frame of a two-fluid approximation with neglected ion current. This approach yields Poisson’s equation for the magnetic potential of the in-plane magnetic field, where the right-hand side contains the out-of-plane electron current density with the reversed sign. In the simplest case of uniform electron number density and neglecting the electron inertia, Poisson’s equation turns to the Grad–Shafranov one. The described approach is generalized for the case of non-uniform electron temperature and number density.

With boundary conditions fixed at any unclosed curve (e.g., the satellite trajectory), both Poisson’s and Grad–Shafranov equations result in an ill-posed problem. This causes the exponentially growing perturbations analogous to those of Hadamar’s example. The suppression of these perturbations requires some regularization procedure. In our study we compared the efficiency of two regularization techniques, using either Savitzky-Golay filtering or the boundary layer approximation.

The benchmark reconstruction of the PIC simulations data has shown that the main contribution for inaccuracy arises from replacing Poisson’s equation by the equation of Grad–Shafranov. Under this substitution, the reachable cross-size of the reconstructed region is shrinking down to fractions of the proton inertial length. In terms of the reconstruction error, both regularization techniques perform nearly the same; the boundary layer approximation benefits from the comparative simplicity and less restrictions imposed on the boundary shape.



Daniil Korovinskiy

13. November 2020, 11.00 Uhr


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