946 results:
XXI ICAZ FRWG  
International Conference  
The temple inscriptions from Philae  
Principal Investigator Holger Kockelmann Erich Winter, kmA (senior director) Team Silke Caßor-Pfeiffer The aim of the project ‘Edition der Tempelinschriften von Philae’ (Edition of the temple inscriptions from Philae) is to publish all hieroglyphic inscriptions of all buildings on the island of Philae, including a translation and commentary. Heinrich Schäfer, Hermann Junker and the photographer Friedrich Koch documented all temple reliefs of Philae on large-format glass negatives during the winters of 1908/09 and 1909/10 on behalf of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. These ‘Berlin photos’ remain the basis of the edition, even if today’s digital photography is gaining more and more importance for detailed questions of iconography and inscriptions. In the interwar period, drawings for the first volume of the publication of Philae were done by Dr. Otto Daum, but the drawings as well as the manuscript by Hermann Junker were expropriated in Cairo due to the war. In 1955, both were restituted to the Austrian Academy of Sciences by the Egyptian Council of Antiquities; the volume on “Der grosse Pylon des Tempels der Isis in Philae” (First Pylon = Philae I) could thus appear as “Denkschriften-Sonderband” in 1958. For the preparation of the second volume of this edition, Hermann Junker collaborated to an increasing extent with Erich Winter from 1956, so that after the death of H. Junker in 1962 E. Winter was able to continue the work. In 1965, the publication ‘Das Geburtshaus des Tempels der Isis in Philae’ (Birthhouse of Philae = Philae II) appeared under both authors’ names, also in the format of “Denkschriften-Sonderband” of the Academy. While work on ‘Das Geburtshaus …’ (= Philae II) was in progress it became obvious that constant re-visiting of the temple reliefs with their inscriptions in situ was nearly mandatory for processing the texts. In the next decades, therefore, Erich Winter made every effort to complete the records of the hieroglyphic texts of all the temples on Philae during shorter stays on Philae, and to enhance or revise the existing transcribed inscriptions and drawings with the original in front of him. The UNESCO rescue mission to save the Nubian temples reached the island of Philae in 1974. The Austrian Academy of Sciences, supported by a UNESCO research grant, sent Erich Winter to Philae for many months in order to document all relief-decorated columns accurately using latex coating before dismantling of the buildings was to begin. Since latex copies dry up over the years and become brittle, drawings of all latex copies had to be produced within the next few years (on behalf of and at the expense of the Academy). Only after this task had been completed, could the work of the Philae project again focus on the actual publication of the third volume of the Philae Edition, ‘Die Zweite Ostkolonnade des Tempels der Isis in Philae’ (second eastern colonnade = Philae III). Holger Kockelmann was integrated into the preparation of the edition from 2005, and the manuscript of ‘Philae III’ could be completed with him as co-author. In 2016, Philae III was published at Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna. Questions on readings were clarified on the spot in annual campaigns, since 2009 with the scholarly cooperation of Shafia Bedier (Ain Shams University, Cairo). ‘Philae III’ showed that techniques of editing have advanced significantly in the last decades with computers, digital photography and electronic drawing boards, which brought significant new requirements but also offered new strategies. A much more exhaustive commentary is also required now in comparison to what was customary two generations ago. All of this, including the use of a high telescopic tripod, which allows detailed images to be taken from the ground in up to 15 m height under computer control, is also reflected in the work already undertaken for the fourth and fifth volume of the Philae publications, which will be dedicated to the second pylon of the temple of Isis and the Hypostyle Hall. The graphic designs for a further six volumes are already almost complete. These will include all hieroglyphic inscriptions and representations of all temple buildings on Philae, and will be published together with translations and commentaries.  
Gog & Magog: The Era of the Mammoth-hunters in Vienna  
Principal investigator Christine Neugebauer-Maresch Team Oliver Schmitsberger Konstantina Saliari Cooperations Mag. Martin Penz, Stadtarchäologie Wien Priv.-Doz. Dr. Ursula B. Göhlich, Geologisch-Paläontologische Abteilung, NHM Wien Duration 2016–2017 Funding Kulturabteilung der Stadt Wien For several centuries, the city of Vienna has been connected in a particular manner with relics of the Ice Age. Thus, in view of the lack of palaeo-ontological knowledge at the time, Gog and Magog, the biblical giants, were alluded to for the interpretation of the origin of the bone by E. Lazius in 1546. The mammoth bone, inscribed with AEIOU – the maxim of Emperor Friedrich III – and which was found during the construction of the north tower of the Cathedral of St. Stephen in 1443, is probably the most-well known evidence of a historical recognition of Ice Age bone material, although lacking awareness of its chronological profundity. It is actually remarkable that a scientific study was first carried out only in 2002 by Norbert Vávra, the goal of which was the summarization of the finds of Ice Age ›giants‹ from the Viennese city area. Corresponding to the geological situation, namely, their incorporation into the youngest geological sediments, they originate from gravel beds or from loesses of the Ice Age. Above all, the areas of Nußdorf-Heiligenstadt, Bisamberg, Stammersdorf and Hietzing present a great number of finds. These sites appear to have been predestined for the home range of the hunters and gatherers who probably also visited the area around Vienna within the last 100,000 years. Isolated finds of stone tools provide evidence of their presence, yet these have not yet been systematically documented. There are grounds to assume that the Vienna area was as significant a region for the Ice Age hunter-gatherer societies as was the Lower Austrian hinterland and the Danube area. It can be supposed that a geographically distinctive situation such as the Vienna Gate represented a typical »landmark« for the groups who passed through here, serving for large-scale orientation, and that it was preferentially used for larger settlements. Exceptional examples of this circumstance are Dolní Věstonice in Moravia as well as Krems-Wachtberg in Lower Austria. In the framework of this project, a systematic compilation of the Ice Age landscape of finds from Vienna, on the basis of the publication by N. Vávras, will be carried out. In addition to the inspection of the old archaeological finds, attention was directed to the surveying of undeveloped or scarcely built-up areas. The goal was to discover outcrops with Ice Age sediments that enable a scientific taking of samples according to modern principles. After inspection of the terrain, deep core drilling in the Titlgasse (Hietzing) and on the Obere Jungenbergweg was carried out. In Senderstrasse at Bisamberg, two profiles were recorded. The analysis of the sample material should provide more detailed information about the reconstruction of climatic conditions and, in an ideal case, also enable a chronological classification. The most spectacular result is the first indubitable evidence for human presence in the territory of today’s city of Vienna in the early Upper Palaeolithic period (EUP, early/later Aurignacian, C-14 dating margin 37.000–38.500 cal. BC). The C-14 dating of a metatarsus of Equus sp. with clearly anthropogenic cut marks from Nußdorf (Rachel Hopkins, Oxford) rendered a date of 34550 ± 600 BP (OxA-34405). The majority of the older finds, with the exception of a small inventory from the Titlgasse, could be verified as not palaeolithic in date. From the aspect of landscape- and settlement archaeology oriented towards the Palaeolithic era, many subareas could be identified as »potentially favourable for a Palaeolithic period settlement«. These must be taken into consideration in future studies. Today, broad areas of the regions that were advantageous for settlement in the Palaeolithic, above all in the loess cliffs found directly above the Danube plain, are predominantly built over. The project reveals the great potential that the loess-covered parts of Vienna represent for Palaeolithic find-sites. The final publication should at least somewhat fill in a blank spot on the map of Ice Age research in Austria.  
Austrian Quaternary Sites – AQS: Quaternary Archaeology database project  
The project deals with the creation, maintenance and further development of the Quaternary Archaeology research group's site database. By feeding in data from fieldwork and material recording, the database also plays a central role in the evaluation of the inventories.  
Kammern-Grubgraben  
Since 2015, excavations have been carried out at the well-known Upper Palaeolithic site of Kammern-Grubgraben. The site is characterised by exceptional stone features and finds, including numerous jewellery objects.  
Gravettian open-air site with fireplace in Gösing am Wagram  
Principal investigator Thomas Einwögerer Duration seit 2014 Excavation booklet Poster 20.000 to 30.000 year old cultural remains of Europe’s last ice age  
Krems-Wachtberg  
After 10 years of field research at the Gravettian site of Krems-Wachtberg, the data obtained will be evaluated and published on an ongoing basis. The site is characterised by a partially preserved in situ find layer with an infant double burial of monozygotic twins and the burial of another infant.  
Success, Boundaries and Failures of Subsistence Strategies in eastern Central Europe during the early Gravettian and the Last Glacial Maximum  
Principal investigator Thomas Einwögerer DFG Kerstin Pasda, Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg Andreas Maier, Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg Christoph Mayr, Institut für Geographie, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg Duration seit 2020–2022 Funding DACH Project DFG [Project 424736737] / FWF [Project I4306] The Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, ca. 24,000–19,000 cal BP) was, in contrast to common opinion, a period of relative climatic stability and again increasing human populations. The most inhospitable conditions of the entire Upper Palaeolithic were far more prevalent during the preceding late Gravettian (ca. 29,000–25,000 cal BP). During this period the hunter-gatherer communities of the northern latitudes were subjected to serious subsistence stress. The focus of the project lies on a find-site cluster in Austria, Moravia and southern Poland which – although only sparsely populated – was not subjected to a population collapse during this unfavourable climatic phase, in contrast to other regions to the north of 50°N. This observation raises a number of questions: What made the region special, and what adaptive strategies did its inhabitants develop? In order to address these questions, we compare the environmental conditions and the archaeological evidence of the LGM with those of the early Gravettian, a period of cultural flourishing and comparably favourable climatic circumstances. We combine archaeological analyses (e.g., from lithic and organic work tools), osteoarchaeological information as well as data on sedimentology and the palaeo-environment (geochemistry, stabile isotope analysis, molluscs, etc.). An innovative aspect of this project is the close correlation of on-site data for archaeology and the palaeo-environment for a key region of the LGM in Central Europe, in a diachronic perspective. Particular attention will be paid here to the following questions: What differences in the environmental conditions can be perceived between the early Gravettian and the LGM, and how did the spectrum of prey alter due to changes in temperatures and available moisture? What are the specific adaptations made by the hunter-gatherers during the LGM in comparison to those of the early Gravettian? This interdisciplinary approach allows deeper insights into the dynamics of human populations and adaptive strategies of hunter-gatherers.  
Raw material project  
Poland Falsztynski Potok Bębło Czajowice Sąspów Mników Orónsko Tomaszów Wierzbica ‘Zele’ Polany II Prędocin Sweden Hanaskog Östra Torp Limhamn Slovakia Nemšová Kamenice Vršatské Podhradie Vlára-Bolešov Turkey Çanakgöl Tepe Hungary Szentgál Tüszköveshegy Germany Baiersdorf Sassnitz France Meusnes Romigny – Lhery Italy Mte. Baldo, Pra da Stua Sant’Anna d’Alfaedo Ceredo Croatia Vizula Austria Wien Mauer Wien Gemeindeberg Kohfidisch Eisbach-Rein Gams/Hieflau Am Wickl Wolfskogel Weissenbachalm Klaushöfl/Altaussee Breunerbergstollen/ Altaussee Weißkirchen Elsbethen Feuersteinmähder Grubalacke Rothornjoch Belgium Spiennes Nouvelles Obourg Eben Emael Belize (Central America) Aguada Lagunita Elusiva La Milpa Menonite’s creek Medicinal Trail Colha San Esteban Denmark Fornaes Sangstrup Bulbjerg Hamborg Hanstholm Hillerslev Thisted Vokslev Ellidshoi Stevns Faxe Mön Hvideklint Klintholm Stone tools made of SiO2 raw materials (silex) represent one of the most important types of finds in Neolithic find-spots. One of the most essential questions concerns the characterisation (»fingerprinting«) of such stone raw materials in order to be able to differentiate them unequivocally from other, often very similar materials. Determinations of origin constitute the foundation for the investigation of prehistoric management of resources, which includes the procurement, employment and distribution of lithic materials. The raw material project at the OeAW is based on the by now internationally known method of »Multi-Layered-Chert-Sourcing-Approach« (MLA). This analytical approach combines macroscopic, microscopic, petrological-geochemical and statistical analytics for the determination of origin of silex artefacts in archaeological contexts. Numerous international projects have demonstrated the potential of MLA, and have thereby contributed to the continual adjustment of this method and to refining the analytic components. Principal investigator Michael Brandl  Cooperations ao.Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr.rer.nat. Christoph Hauzenberger Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Institut für Erdwissenschaften, Bereich Mineralogie und Petrologie ao. Univ.-Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. Peter Filzmoser Technische Universität Wien, Institut für Stochastik und Wirtschaftsmathematik ao.Univ.-Prof. Dr. Gerhard Trnka Universität Wien, Institut für Urgeschichte und Historische Archäologie Duration seit 2005  
Collections  
The OeAI is home to extensive collections that are also available to external specialists by arrangement with the expert in charge.   Archaeometrical Collection A collection of pottery fragments and glass, as well as raw material and rock samples has been built up for comparative studies but also for the application of analyses of the natural sciences. The emphasis has been placed on the eastern Mediterranean and the provinces in the Alps; the time frame extends from the Palaeolithic through the Anatolian Neolithic to the modern period. The collection of clay and pottery from Ephesos is unique and during a raw material survey the entire region was sampled and reference materials were also extracted from various excavation sites. The materials can be studied in specially equipped labs and the relevant databases are also accessible. Contact Michael Brandl T (+43 1) 51581-6136 Pamela Fragnoli T (+43 1) 51581-4105 Silvia Wiesinger T (+43 1) 51581-4134   Animal Bones Collection The collection acquired from the University of Veterinary Medicine contains both original material as well as replicas that are essential for the identification of animal bones. Furthermore, the OeAI has also archived various exported animal bones from excavations in the Mediterranean. For study purposes the material from Austrian excavations is stored in suitable work spaces. Contact Alfred Galik T (+43 1) 51581-4106 Botanical Collection A core element of every archaeobotanical lab is a reference collection of modern plant parts. It was created through a close cooperation and exchange agreements with the universities of Innsbruck, Vienna, Hohenheim, the BOKU Vienna, and the KU Leuven and now looks back on a collection history of about 15 years. The bulk of the collection is made up of 3,000 specimens of seeds and fruits that mainly come from central European and Mediterranean plants. These are complemented by special collections of woods (around 200 specimens) and mosses (about 100 accessions). Another emphasis is currently being built up and consists of the archiving of archaeobotanical remains from excavations in Austria and beyond. Contact Andreas G. Heiss T (+43 1) 51581-4112 Silvia Wiesinger T (+43 1) 51581-4134  
Archaeological Sciences  
Reacting to and actively engaging in the dynamics of current developments in archaeology, the OeAW has established a competence centre for Archaeological Sciences, which focuses on science-oriented applications in the field. For the OeAI this means intensifying the following fields of research: Archaeometry with current emphases on pottery, stone resources and mineral pigments, Bioarchaeology including anthropology, archaeozoology and archaeobotany, as well as Geoarchaeology with a planned focus on core drilling, sedimentology and micromorphology. In the future, it is planned to continuously expand this spectrum. Specialised laboratories housing equipment for state-of-the-art analytical methods form the basis for the scientific areas of research; additional analytical techniques will be available through cooperation with national and international partners. Specialised laboratories housing equipment for state-of-the-art analytical methods form the basis for the scientific areas of research; additional analytical techniques will be available through cooperation with national and international partners. The ›Archaeological Sciences‹ unit interacts with many research groups of the three departments as well as with Transfer Research, additionally develops independent projects, and actively contributes to the promotion of young scholars via the supervision of academic studies. A close synergy with ›Heritage Sciences‹ can also be expected, in particular in the area of material analyses. An exceptional strength, as well as an international unique characteristic of this field, are the scientists with their expertise in specialised subjects. Amongst these are, for example, lithic and marble studies, pottery archaeometry, as well as research on fish remains and processes of fermentation. Due to the available high-grade facilities, as well as the involved scientists, the centre for Archaeological Sciences at the OeAW will be highly attractive, as well for the recruitment of international experts as for the training of young scholars. Therefore, a close cooperation with a wide variety of Austrian universities is planned. The expansion of the OeAW Archaeological Sciences concentrates unprecedented expertise, which substantially strengthens the mutual research location. Coordinator Michael Brandl  
CVA - Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum  
Principal investigator C. Lang-Auinger (associated) Team E. Trinkl (associated) Cooperations Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Kulturabteilung der Stadt Wien Institut für rechnergestützte Automation, Technische Universität Wien, Gruppe für Mustererkennung und Bildverarbeitung (PRIP) Beazley-Archive Institut für Raumbezogene Informations- und Messtechnik Hochschule Mainz - University of Applied Sciences Computer Vision Lab Links Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum (CVA) Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF) Institut für Archäologien, Universität Innsbruck Institut für Archäologie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz Kunsthistorisches Museum/Wien (KHM) Kulturabteilung der Stadt Wien Pattern Recognition and Image Processing Group (PRIP) Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum Union Académique Internationale (UAI) Beazley–Archive 2D & 3D Analysis of Ceramics (IWR) Computer Vision Lab Information Bibliography CVA-publications   The Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum (CVA) is an international research project for the research and publication of ancient ceramics. It is the oldest project of the Union Académique Internationale (UAI) and was initiated by the French archaeologist Edmond Pottier who proposed to publish the ancient ceramics in a collective corpus in 1919. Originally with six partners, the venture has grown to 24 members. The publication of the volumes lies in the responsibility of each member country. Goal The goal of the CVA-project is to present ancient pottery in standardized publications which are a solid basis for further research. Prerequisite for this is a professional presentation of the pottery. CVA Austria Austria joined the CVA-project in 1935, for political reasons it belonged to Germany from 1938-1945. Therefore, the volume of the collection of the University of Vienna is called Deutschland 5. Since 1949 Austria has again been an independent member. The CVA was established as an own commission and was henceforth administrated by the Austrian Academy of Sciences. In 1994 it became part of the ‘Forschungsstelle Archäologie’, which was transformed into the Institute for the Study of Ancient Culture in 2000. In 2005 the Austrian CVA-work group was founded, which functions as a platform for the scientific exchange on a national and an international level. A first fundamental measure was the declaration of common guidelines for the publications. Guests are invited to the annual meetings and public lectures take place. Within the current project "Cypriote Iron Age from Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien" the scanning of 145 objects becomes possible in cooperation with the Computer Vision Club and the financial support of the department for Culture and History in Vienna and the Friends of the Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien. Previous volumes Following collections are currently being worked on Documentation The base of each CVA-volume is a documentation of the vase considering all aspects. Condition: The technical attributes and possible antique and modern restoration measures of all objects are recorded and complete measurements are presented; in regard to the current requirements, weight and holding capacity are included as well. The iconography of the depicted images is described in detail, as well as shown in fotos. The shape of the vessel is documented by a drawing. If possible, an attribution to a painter or a workshop is undertaken. The next step is a chronological placement. In addition to conventional methods, methods of natural sciences were applied for the documentation in CVA KHM 5 in the course of interdisciplinary collaborations, which will also be used and further developed for the following volumes. For the contact-free documentation of the objects a 3D-laser resp. a 3D-light stripe-scanner was applied. The digital 3D models reproduce the actual condition of each object and its figurative and ornamental decoration. This method on the one hand enables a realistic and objective depiction of sections and a contact-free calculation of the holding capacity, on the other hand the various resulting possibilities exceed the requirements for the current CVA-volumes. In cooperation with the Conservation Science Department of the Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien we started X-ray fluorescence analyses (RFA) on selected objects. The aim of the project is to anlyse the pigments in use. In addition to the CVA volumes Österreich the Institute edits the Beiheft. All scientific results and pilot surveys from the area of vase research will be published in different subject areas. Already published are Beiheft 1: “Interdisziplinäre Dokumentations- und Visualisierungsmethoden“ and Beiheft 2 “Pflanzen und Tiere auf griechsichen Vasen” of the congress held in Graz in 2013.  
CVA - Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum  
Information Bibliography CVA-publications   News 7.05.2018 11. Tagung des Österreichischen CVA-Arbeitskreises (mit Festvortrag von F. Lissarrague) 5.-7.10.2017 Internationales Symposium Griechische Vasen als Kommunikationsmedium Cooperationen Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Kulturabteilung der Stadt Wien Institut für rechnergestützte Automation, Technische Universität Wien, Gruppe für Mustererkennung und Bildverarbeitung (PRIP) Beazley-Archive IWR - Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing Computer Vision Lab Links Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum (CVA) Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF) Institut für Archäologien, Universität Innsbruck Institut für Archäologie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz Kunsthistorisches Museum/Wien (KHM) Kulturabteilung der Stadt Wien Pattern Recognition and Image Processing Group (PRIP) Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum Union Académique Internationale (UAI) Beazley–Archive 2D & 3D Analysis of Ceramics (IWR) Computer Vision Lab Coordination: C. Lang-Auinger hon.: E. Trinkl In cooperation with the Conservation Science Department of the Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien we started X-ray fluorescence analyses (RFA) on selected objects. The aim of the project is to anlyse the pigments in use. CVA in general The Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum (CVA) is an international research project for the research and publication of ancient ceramics. It is the oldest project of the Union Académique Internationale (UAI) and was initiated by the French archaeologist Edmond Pottier who proposed to publish the ancient ceramics in a collective corpus in 1919. Originally with six partners, the venture has grown to 24 members. The publication of the volumes lies in the responsibility of each member country. The CVA is under the patronage of the Union Académique Internationale in Brussels, however the chairmanship is traditionally held by France; currently Juliette De La Genière is the president. The scientific work is evaluated every four years by the UAI. The languages of the publications are English, French, Italian and German. So far, about 350 volumes have been published.  Goal The goal of the CVA-project is to present ancient pottery in standardized publications which are a solid basis for further research. Prerequisite for this is a professional presentation of the pottery. CVA Austria Austria joined the CVA-project in 1935, for political reasons it belonged to Germany from 1938-1945. Therefore, the volume of the collection of the University of Vienna is called Deutschland 5. Since 1949 Austria has again been an independent member. The CVA was established as an own commission and was henceforth administrated by the Austrian Academy of Sciences. In 1994 it became part of the ‘Forschungsstelle Archäologie’, which was transformed into the Institute for the Study of Ancient Culture in 2000. In 2005 the Austrian CVA-work group was founded, which functions as a platform for the scientific exchange on a national and an international level. A first fundamental measure was the declaration of common guidelines for the publications. Guests are invited to the annual meetings and public lectures take place. Within the current project "Cypriote Iron Age from Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien" the scanning of 145 objects becomes possible in cooperation with the Computer Vision Club and the financial support of the department for Culture and History in Vienna and the Friends of the Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien. Previous volumes [H. Kenner, CVA Universität Wien (Deutschland 5) (1942)] F. Eichler, CVA Wien 1 (Österreich 1) (1951) F. Eichler, CVA Wien 2 (Österreich 2) (1959) F. Eichler, CVA Wien 3 (Österreich 3) (1974) A. Bernhard-Walcher, CVA Wien 4 (Österreich 4) (1984) E. Trinkl, CVA Wien 5 (Österreich 5) (2011) M. Christides, S. Karl, G. Koiner, G. Schwarz, CVA Graz 1 (Österreich 6) (2014)  C. Lang-Auinger – S. Karl – B. Kratzmüller,  CVA Wien KHM 6 (Österreich 7) (2019) G. Nachbaur, CVA  Innsbruck 1 (Österreich 8)  (2020) E. Trinkl (Hg.), Interdisziplinäre Dokumentations‐ und Visualisierungsmethoden, CVA Österreich Beiheft 1 (Wien 2013). C. Lang‐Auinger – E. Trinkl (Hg.), ΦΥΤΑ ΚΑΙ ΖΩΙΑ. Pflanzen und Tiere auf griechischen Vasen. Akten des internationalen Symposions, Graz, 26.‐28. September 2013, CVA Österreich Beiheft 2 (Wien 2015) Following collections are currently being worked on Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien Corinthian pottery (S. Karl, proposal in preparation) Attic black-figure pottery Amphora (C. Lang-Auinger) Attic black-figure pottery Hydra (E. Trinkl, proposal in preparation) Institute for Archaeology, University Innsbruck and Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum  Geometric, Corinthian, Attic black-figure pottery, Varia (V. Gertl), FWF P 23041-G19 Attic red-figure pottery (G. Nachbaur) Mycenaean (H. Ehlotzky) Institute for Classical Archaeology, University Vienna Collection of Greek vases (H. Schörner, proposed)   Documentation The base of each CVA-volume is a documentation of the vase considering all aspects. Condition: The technical attributes and possible antique and modern restoration measures of all objects are recorded and complete measurements are presented; in regard to the current requirements, weight and holding capacity are included as well. The iconography of the depicted images is described in detail, as well as shown in fotos. The shape of the vessel is documented by a drawing. If possible, an attribution to a painter or a workshop is undertaken. The next step is a chronological placement. In addition to conventional methods, methods of natural sciences were applied for the documentation in CVA KHM 5 in the course of interdisciplinary collaborations, which will also be used and further developed for the following volumes. For the contact-free documentation of the objects a 3D-laser resp. a 3D-light stripe-scanner was applied. The digital 3D models reproduce the actual condition of each object and its figurative and ornamental decoration. This method on the one hand enables a realistic and objective depiction of sections and a contact-free calculation of the holding capacity, on the other hand the various resulting possibilities exceed the requirements for the current CVA-volumes. In addition to the CVA volumes Österreich the Institute edits the Beiheft. All scientific results and pilot surveys from the area of vase research will be published in different subject areas. Already published are Beiheft 1: “Interdisziplinäre Dokumentations- und Visualisierungsmethoden“ and Beiheft 2 “Pflanzen und Tiere auf griechsichen Vasen” of the congress held in Graz in 2013.  
Matić Uroš  
Dr. Uroš Matić MA T (+43 1) 51581-4119 E uros.matic(at)oeaw.ac.at Biography Study of archaeology at the University of Belgrade/Serbia (Bachelor and Master, 2006–2011). Doctoral studies in Egyptology 2012–2016 with degree (2016) at the University of Münster. Since 2012, colleague at the excavation of the ÖAI in Tell el-Dab’a/Egypt. Since 2017 participant in the excavations of the ÖAI at Kom Ombo/Egypt. 2018–2019 researcher in the project »Beautiful Kush: Cosmetic substances and utensils in Egyptian New Kingdom Nubia« (DAAD P.R.I.M.E 2018). Since 2019 scientific colleague at the Cairo Branch of the ÖAI, for the project »Die Stadt Kom Ombo im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.«. Philippika Prize Winner (Harrassowitz Verlag) for 2018. Research areas War and violence in Ancient Egypt Second Intermediate Period and the New Kingdom Egypt and its relations with its neighbours in the 2nd millennium BC Settlement archaeology Gender archaeology Theory in archaeology Current Projects Kom Ombo: Pottery of the 3rd mill. BC within the project »City and Hinterland of Kom Ombo« (FWF P 31791, under direction of I. Forstner-Müller) Detailed biography BERUFLICHER WERDEGANG seit 2019 Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter des ÖAI in dem Projekt »Die Stadt Kom Ombo im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr. « 2018–2019 Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter, Institut für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Projekt »Beautiful Kush: Cosmetic substances and utensils in New Kingdom Egyptian Nubia« (DAAD P.R.I.M.E 2018) 2018 Gastforscher, OREA-ÖAW 2011 Kuratorischer Assistent, Museum für afrikanische Kunst in Belgrad     AUSBILDUNG/AKADEMISCHE LAUFBAHN 2006–2011 Studium der Archäologie an der philosophischen Fakultät der Universität Belgrad (Bachelor und Master) 2012–2016 Doktorstudium der Ägyptologie an der Universität Münster 2016 Promotion zum Dr. phil. an der Universität Münster, Dissertation »Body and Frames of War in New Kingdom Egypt: Violent treatments of enemies and prisoners «   GUTACHTERTÄTIGKEIT   Istraživanja. Journal of Historical Researches   Journal of Research on Women and Gender   Études et Travaux   Journal of Egyptian Archaeology   Near Eastern Archaeology   Sympozjum Egejskie. Papers in Aegean Archaeology   AUSZEICHNUNGEN UND PREISE 2020 Best Paper Award (Jubiläumsfonds der Stadt Wien für die ÖAW) für die Monographie Body and Frames of War in New Kingdom Egypt (2019). 2018 Philippika-Preis des Harrassowitz Verlag 2016 Stiftungsfonds für Postgraduates der Ägyptologie, Wien   MITGLIEDSCHAFT IN WISSENSCHAFTLICHEN EINRICHTUNGEN, BEIRÄTEN UND KOMMITEES seit 2009 Mitglied des European Association of Archaeologists 2016–2019 Co-chair, Archaeology and Gender in Europe, working party of the European Association of Archaeologists   WICHTIGSTE PROJEKTE 2018–2019 Projekt »Beautiful Kush: Cosmetic substances and utensils in New Kingdom Egyptian Nubia« (DAAD P.R.I.M.E 2018)   LEHRE 2016–2017 Archäologie Ägyptens I/II: Theorie in der Ägyptologie und Archäologie (Institut für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster)   Presentations Auswahl der letzten 5 Jahre 25.06.2019 Beauty beyond Borders: New Kingdom Egyptian Cosmetic Utensils outside of Egypt. Rethinking Borders: Interaction in the ancient Egyptian periphery (Neue Forschungen der Ägyptologie in NRW, Köln) 12.06.2019 On the razor’s edge – Detecting use patterns on metal finds (Documenting Material Culture-Study Day, OREA-ÖAW) 29.01.2019 Ancient Egyptian kohl tubes with royal family names (21st Sergeev’s Readings. The international conference of the researchers in antiquity, Faculty of History of the Lomonosov Moscow State University) 15.01.2019 To kill like a god and to kill like a man: Ontological turn and violent treatments of enemies and prisoners of war in New Kingdom Egypt (Violence, Punishment and Labour in Ancient Egypt and the Ancient Near East, Universität Bonn) 14.07.2018 Von kolonialen Epistemen, Denkkollektiven sowie der Archäologie und Geschichtsschreibung Nubiens im Neuen Reich (Ständige Ägyptologenkonferenz 2018, Münster)  
Critical Edition of the Sahidic Version of the Gospel according to John  
Principal Investigator Hans Förster Duration September 2016 - May 2021 Funding FWF Projekt P29315 The most significant early Christian translation of the New Testament is the one written in the Coptic language. Within this language, the Sahidic dialect is the most important for the Gospel according to John. This is due to the large number of manuscripts that are preserved, and due to the fact that translations into Coptic began very early on: already in the late second century translation work was initiated, whereas the manuscript tradition of the New Testament really first was begun at the end of the period of persecutions, that is, after the first decades of the fourth century. For this reason, the Coptic transmission is extremely important for the textual criticism of the New Testament. The goal of the project is to make all of the Coptic manuscripts of the Gospel according to John available for the creation of a comprehensive critical edition of the Sahidic text. To this end, all of the known and accessible manuscripts of this text in the Sahidic dialect — six complete versions and approximately 160 fragmentary ones — will be consulted. The results of the project will be extremely useful above all for Coptic studies. The results provide scholars of Coptic studies with an important tool for working with the text of the Sahidic version of the Gospel according to John. In this way, how this text was used at the time by Egyptian Christians can be understood. This edition is also significant for a better comprehension of the relationship between the Greek text and the Coptic text.  
Heritage Sciences  
Heritage Sciences is defined as the multi- and interdisciplinary research field of cultural heritage. Archaeology therefore plays a particularly special role here, since on the one hand by its intervention it irretrievably destroys that which has been preserved, yet on the other hand it facilitates the discovery of monuments and objects, the investigation and preservation of which is the purpose of Heritage Sciences. The numerous excavations of the new ÖAI provide a rich area of application for Heritage Sciences, a subject which extends from conservation sciences over restoration and reconstruction up to sustainable collection management. An interdisciplinary research approach, with an interconnection of humanistic and natural sciences as well as technical documentation methods, is necessary in order remotely to meet the requirements of the complexity of cultural heritage studies. In addition, Heritage Sciences play a role in the history of research, in particular in the colonial heritage of archaeology and classical studies. Yet also in the case of current field research it seems appropriate to bring rapid gain of knowledge and long-term diligence to the object, and to discuss these issues. Ultimately, Heritage Sciences play a role in cultural tourism and the public efficacy of the archaeological cultural heritage. The working area of Heritage Sciences will operate in the individual ÖAI research groups and will guarantee the development and implementation of standards for dealing with archaeological cultural heritage. A preventative-active involvement in field projects is therefore equally as necessary as a close cooperation with Archaeological Sciences, in particular with archaeometry, but also with the collections and depots of the Institute and its cooperation partners. In close collaboration with the departments of the OeAW, especially with the ACDH-CH as well as other national and international research institutes with similar goals, projects should be developed and realised; here, in particular, European programmes should also be referred to. Coordinator Sabine Ladstätter  
The Hyksos Enigma  
Principal Investigator Manfred Bietak Team Silvia Gómez-Senovilla Rosa Matic Anna-Latifa Mourad Silvia Prell Sarah Vilain Cooperations Bournemouth University Holger Schutkowski, Christina Stantis, Nina Maaranen Funding ERC Advanced Grant Project 668640 The Hyksos were a dynasty of foreign rulers being in power in Egypt between c.1640 and 1530 BC. Their exact geographical origin in the Levant, the process of their seizure of power in Egypt and their role in history remains, however, an enigma, as the period is poorly represented in texts. Nevertheless the Hyksos phenomenon has so far mainly been studied by text-based Egyptology, ignoring other possible sources, like archaeological remains, burial customs and settlement patterns, not to mention biological data. In the last decades excavations at several places in Egypt’s eastern Delta have produced an enormous wealth of new information and one can now, together with finds stored in several museums all over the world, resort to enormous quantities of objects reflecting the material culture as well as physical remains, which can be attributed to the carriers of the Hyksos rule and their predecessors. These materials now available and left so far largely aside in the scientific discussion can be utilised as first class historical sources. The projected investigations of this innovative project will be conducted in 8 interrelated research tracks, incorporating an array of archaeological, historical, theoretical and analytical approaches. Archaeological analyses, cultural interference studies and new onomastic studies are going to play an equal role as well as most up-to-date DNA and Sr isotope analyses (bio-archaeological research by the second host institution, the Bournemouth University, UK) as well as gas-phase chromatography. The aim of this interdisciplinary project is to reveal the origin of the western Asiatic population, the dialogue with the host country, the impact on the culture of the latter and finally their heritage in Egypt. Objectives of the research programme Determination of the geographic origins and ethnicity of the western Asiatic people living in the Delta during the Middle Kingdom (MK) and the Second Intermediate Period (SIP) and the ascertainment whether they were a homogenous group or arrived in waves and from different locations. The timing, the factors and ways of immigration of that population. Definition of the culture of the western Asiatic population in the eastern Delta during the MK and SIP, furthermore to assess the interference of the Middle Bronze Age (MB) in the Levant with the Egyptian culture. The identification of the mechanisms through which the Hyksos came to power, to reconstruct the mechanisms of their rule, the spatial structure of their kingdom and the na­ture of its internal and external relations. Collecting evidence as to whether the Hyksos and the Western Asiatic population in the eastern Delta disappeared ‘without a trace’ or whether they had an impact on the culture and spiritual world such as religion, literature and language of the New Kingdom. To distinguish the reason the Hyksos failed, by studying the foundations and fluctuations of economy and trade in respect to prosperity and crisis.  
ÖAI  
Austrian Archaeological Institute Dpt. of Prehistory & West Asian/Northeast African Archaeology Hollandstraße 11–13, 5th floor | 1020 Vienna T + 43 1 51581-6101 Dpt. of Historical Archaeology Franz Klein-Gasse 1 | 1190 Vienna T + 43 1 51581-4000 Dpt. of Classical Studies Hollandstraße 11–13, 6th floor | 1020 Vienna T + 43 1 51581-3483 oeai@oeaw.ac.at Follow us on OEAI Newsletter Sign up now for our newsletter and receive regular information about the OEAI. Head Office Austrian Archaeological Institute Austrian Academy of Sciences Franz Klein-Gasse 1 1190 Vienna, Austria T (+43 1) 51581-4000 E oeai(at)oeaw.ac.at Intern  
»King Nehesy at Avaris and the Looting of the Memphite Elite Necropoleis during the 14th Dynasty«  
Manfred Bietak | Lecture  
Tell el-Dabʿa: The scarabs, seals and seal impressions of the areas H/I to H/VI at Ezbet Helmi  

In the area of the extenxive palace complexes at Ezbet Helmi, a large number of scarabs, seals and seal impressions was found, including those with the names of kings. By originating from stratified contexts, this group of finds provides a good overview of the development of stamp seals at the beginning of the New Kingdom.
 
Excavations at the Late Bronze Age Harbour City of Hala Sultan Tekke, Cyprus  
Hala Sultan Tekke was one of the most important urban centres of the Eastern Mediterranean during the Late Bronze Age. The city is located on the southern coast, on the shore of the present-day Larnaca Salt Lake, which in ancient times was connected to the Mediterranean, thus providing one of the best protected harbours on the island.  
Cooking in times of transformation: A diachronic study of organic residues in cooking pots from Hala Sultan Tekke, Cyprus  
The aim of the project is to trace changes in diet and food preparation on Cyprus at the end of the Late Bronze Age (13th–12th century BCE). The period around 1200 BCE is characterised by major political, cultural and social upheavals. Organic residue analyses of cooking vessels, indicating their original contents, will contribute to a deeper understanding of changes in dietary patterns at Hala Sultan Tekke, which may be connected to the upheavals around 1200 BCE.  
THANADOS: The Anthropological and Archaeological Database of Sepultures  
Principal Investigator Nina Brundke (ÖAI) Stefan Eichert (NHM) Cooperations Natural History Museum Vienna ACDH - Austrian Center for Digital Humanities Duration June 2019 – October 2021 Funding ÖAW GoDigital!Next Generation (GDNG_2019-039)  
Lycia: Kibyratis Digital  
General Duration since January 2016 Sponsor Gerda Henkel Foundation (Düsseldorf) Person responsible Oliver Hülden Cooperation partners Gerda Henkel Foundation (Düsseldorf) PLEXGROUP (Berlin) Thomas Corsten (Institute for Ancient History and Classical Studies, Papyrology and Epigraphy, University of Vienna) Institute for Classical Archaeology, LMU Munich In January 2016 the Gerda Henkel Foundation created its own project for the digital publication of projects financed by the foundation. The Kibyratis-project is the pilot project for this initiative. Background of the project Since 2016 the Kibyratis-project has been working on publishing the results from the field seasons 2008–2014 and various research data simultaneously with the printed publication with the support of the Gerda Henkel Foundation in Düsseldorf. A separate foundation project was launched for this and the Kibyratis-project is serving as pilot. The architecture of the online-platform was developed together with the company PLEXGROUP from Berlin on a server provided by the Gerda Henkel Foundation and is subject to continual adjustments so that the publication project has an experimental character.  
DiAGRAM - Digitising Aspects of Graphical Representation in Ancient Music  
PROJECT MEMBERS PD Dr. Stefan Hagel (head) Dr. Christos Terzis  FUNDING TYPE FWF P 32816 Since the rise of the internet, the scholarly community has been struggling to find ways of presenting the heritage of ancient culture in ways that take full advantage of the new technical possibilities. A special challenge is posed by presenting more complex traditions – for instance the fate of ancient texts handed down through many generations by manual copying, so that none of the resulting copies are identical. The present project tackles a particularly fascinating topic: ancient musical scores, which cannot be straightforwardly represented by a series of letters, but may show a complex two-dimensional layout including lyrics, pitch notation and rhythmical signs. We define computational standards for encoding these structures, create appropriate software, and will present all known musical fragments from the Hellenistic and Roman periods in an online edition. It will supply not only transcriptions to modern stave notation and a commentary, but also allow listening to these examples of a long-past musical culture at the correct ancient pitch, and with the subtle pitch modifications reported by ancient theorists. At the same time, a full database of ancient music will form an invaluable basis of future research. In addition, we will provide a new edition of an ancient musical schoolbook, probably from the second century CE – one of the few examples that use musical notation quite freely, presupposing its widespread knowledge. Working on the respective software routines will also force us to define with precision which aspects of an ancient performance were encoded in writing, in contrast to those that were granted to be supplied by the ancient readers’ familiarity with styles – or their own creativity as performers. Will it, for instance, prove possible to write a computer program that makes convincing sense of all extant rhythmical notation, or must we conclude that the ancient composers had indeed not created a very coherent system?  
Excavations at Tell Abu al-Kharaz, Jordan Valley  
Tell Abu al-Kharaz is a 12 ha large tell in today’s Jordan at a crucial position, from which large parts of the Jordan and the Jezreel Valleys can be overlooked. The main objectives of the excavations are the study of its Bronze and Iron Age occupation, which lasted from around 3200 BCE until its destruction by the Neo-Assyrian empire in the late 8th century BCE.  
The Collapse of Bronze Age Societies in the Eastern Mediterranean: Sea Peoples in Cyprus?  
The causes for and circumstances of the decline of the Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean are the main research aim of this project. The focus lies on Cyprus, the centre of international trade in this region and the main supplier of copper.  
An Early Iron Age Compound at Tell Abu al-Kharaz, Jordan Valley: Intercultural Relations in the Eastern Mediterranean around 1100 BCE  
In the framework of this PhD project the material culture of the early Iron Age (c. 11th century BCE) at Tell Abu al-Kharaz in the Jordan Valley was investigated. A specific focus laid on aspects of continuity vs. transformation, tradition vs. innovation and transcultural contacts after the period of upheaval at the Late Bronze to Early Iron Age transition.  
Kontopigado: A Mycenaean Industrial Area South of Athens  
This project focuses on the study of the Mycenaean workshop installation at Kontopigado, 5 km south of the Athenian Acropolis. Through analysis of the preserved remains, portable finds and with the help of geophysical prospection, our project investigates the chronological framework, the practical function and the economic and social context of the largest workshop installation discovered in Late Bronze Age Aegean.  
Team  
Adenstedt Ingrid Aigner Petra Bielat Elzbieta Dietrich Anna Charlotte Eichner Ina Falzone Stella Fischer‑Bossert Wolfgang Fiska Patrick Förster Hans Gianvittorio‑Ungar Laura Gökpinar Yasemin Gundacker Roman Hagel Stefan Hofmann Vera Huber Hermine Jüngling Johannes Kimmet Natasha Kremer Gabrielle Kruse Thomas Leithe‑Jasper Helena Lotz Helmut Mayer Manuela Meier Ludwig Paganini Mario Posch Julian Prignitz Sebastian Pülz Andreas Rathmayr Elisabeth Ruggendorfer Peter Samitz Christoph Scheibelreiter‑Gail Veronika Schindel Nikolaus Schulz Matthias Siegl Kathrin Sinisi Fabrizio Sutkowska Olga Terzis Christos Wedenig Reinhold Williams Daniela Woitzuck Agnes Woytek Bernhard Wüthrich Annik Ableidinger Jasmin Andreeva Petya Anevlavi Vasiliki Baier Christoph Eder Birgitta Festi Daniela Formato Lucia Clara Fragnoli Pamela Frerix Benjamin Galik Alfred Ganciu Ilie‑Iulian Gauß Walter Gimatzidis Stefanos González Cesteros Horacio Groh Stefan Gugl Christian Heiss Andreas G. Hinker Christoph Hülden Oliver Iannone Federica Katzjäger Denise Kerschner Michael Ladstätter Georg Ladstätter Sabine Lourenço‑Gonçalves Pedro Mayer Irmengard Nikolaidou Dafni Prochaska Walter Pülz Andrea Radbauer Silvia Rankl Barbara Rodler Alexandra Rose Pamela Schwaiger Helmut Schwarcz David Sedlmayer Helga Seyer Martin Srienc Magdalena Steskal Martin Styhler‑Aydin Gudrun Thaler Luzia Clara Umfahrer Barbara Waldner Alice Zabrana Lilli Aston David A. Ayers Natasha Bader Bettina Bas Marlon Biederer Benedikt Bietak Manfred Brandl Michael Buchinger Norbert Burke Clare Cveček Sabina Czerny Ernst Einwögerer Thomas Fill Dominik Forstner‑Müller Irene Fritzl Michaela Gavranović Mario Händel Marc Hellerschmid Irmtraud Höflmayer Felix Horejs Barbara Jung Reinhard Kardamaki Eleftheria Konrad Michael Kopetzky Karin Math Nicola Matic Rosa Matić Uroš Mittermair Nicole Müller Vera Mustafa Mohamad Pany‑Kucera Doris Prell Silvia Rebay‑Salisbury Katharina Salisbury Roderick Schinnerl Nora Schmid Viola Schwall Christoph Simon Ulrich Skerjanz Hannah de Souza Aaron Streit Katharina Thomas Roswitha Verdianu Dominika Waltenberger Lukas Webster Lyndelle Woitzuck Agnes Zavadil Michaela CLASSICAL STUDIES   HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY   PREHISTORY & WANA ARCHAEOLOGY Fritz Mitthof Constanze Moser Mohamad Mustafa Christine Neugebauer‑Maresch Matthias Pacher Bernhard Palme Areti Pentedeka Renate Pillinger Annalisa Rumolo Gerhard Thür Hilke Thür Elisabeth Trinkl Jörg Weilhartner Estella Weiss‑Krejci Norbert Zimmermann Radbauer Silvia Ramírez Arancibia Nayeli Balquiria Rankl Barbara Rathmayr Elisabeth Rebay‑Salisbury Katharina Reiner Franziska Rembart Laura Röcklinger Maria Rodler Alexandra Rose Pamela Ruggendorfer Peter Ruß‑Popa Gabriela Salisbury Roderick B. Samitz Christoph Savic Natalie Scheibelreiter‑Gail Veronika Scherrer Peter Schindel Nikolaus Schinnerl Nora Schmid Viola Schmitsberger Oliver Schuh Ulrike Schulz Matthias Schwab Angela Schwaiger Helmut Schwall Christoph Schwarcz David Schwarz Bettina Sedlmayer Helga Seyer Martin Siegl Kathrin Simon Ulrich Sinisi Fabrizio Skerjanz Hannah Srienc Magdalena Steskal Martin Streit Katharina Styhler‑Aydin Gudrun Sutkowska Olga Terzis Christos Thomas Roswitha Umfahrer Barbara Ündemir Melek Waldner Alice Waltenberger Lukas Webster Lyndelle Wedenig Reinhold Weitlaner Romina Welte Micheline Wiesinger Silvia Williams Daniela Woitzuck Agnes Woytek Bernhard Wüthrich Annik Zabrana Lilli Zamoyli Ferenc Zavadil Michaela Zimmermann Sophie Zoufalá Anna Trainees Katharina Meyer T (+43 1) 51581-4032 katharina.meyer(at)oeaw.ac.at Sophie Grill T (+43 1) 51581-4022 sophie.grill(at)oeaw.ac.at Stefan Grasböck Manfred Hainzmann Christine Harrauer Kaja Harter‑Uibopuu Jasmin Huber Sigrid Jalkotzy‑Deger Werner Jobst Doralice Klainscek Christian Knoblauch Friedrich Krinzinger Claudia Lang‑Auinger Michaela Lochner Daria Ložnjak Dizdar Susan Lupack Brigitta Mader Bogdana Milić Hasitzka Katharina Hassler Astrid Heiss Andreas G. Hellerschmid Irmtraud Hernandez‑Cordero Moises Hinker Christoph Höflmayer Felix Hofmann Vera Holanek Andrea Horejs Barbara Huber Hermine Hülden Oliver Hulková Lucia Iannone Federica Jakobitsch Thorsten Johr Jana Jung Reinhard Jüngling Johannes Kabourelis-Steiner Sabine Kardamaki Eleftheria Katzjäger Denise Kerschner Michael Kimmet Natasha Konrad Michael Kopetzky Karin Kousek‑Lang Ulrike Krakhofer Gudrun Kremer Gabrielle Kreuzer Judith Kruse Thomas Kurtze Christian Ladstätter Sabine Ladstätter Georg Leithe‑Jasper Helena Lotz Helmut Lourenço‑Gonçalves Pedro Math Nicola Matic Rosa Matić Uroš Mayer Irmengard Mayer Manuela Meier Ludwig Melman Dagmar Meyer Katharina Mittermair Nicole Muharemovic Ida Mühling Sebastian Müller Vera Negrete Martínez María Antonia Oberndorfer Daniel Ostmann Felix Öztürk Filiz Paganini Mario Pany‑Kucera Doris Petschko Irene Pircher Astrid Posch Julian Prell Silvia Prignitz Sebastian Prochaska Walter Profant Elke Pülz Andrea Pülz Andreas Mario Gavranović T (+43 1) 51581‑6139 mario.gavranovic@oeaw.ac.at Karin Kopetzky T (+43 1) 51581‑6109 Karin.Kopetzky@oeaw.ac.at Eva Alram‑Stern Katrin Bernhardt Jesper Blid Maxime Brami Gottfried Brem Christopher Britsch Julia Budka Teresa Bürge Laura Burkhardt Ruey‑Lin Chang Thomas Corsten Sabina Cveček Veronika Dubcová Peter Fischer Florian Fladerer Herwig Friesinger Verena Gassner Ableidinger Jasmin Adenstedt Ingrid Aigner Petra Amin Yasmin Andreeva Petya Anevlavi Vasiliki Aprent Patrick Aston David A. Ayers Natasha Bader Bettina Baier Christoph Bas Marlon Baudouin Elise Beck‑Brandt Barbara Benda‑Weber Isabella Biederer Benedikt Bielat Elzbieta Bietak Manfred Blattner David Börner Mario Brandl Michael Brundke Nina Buchinger Norbert Burke Clare Burkhart Karl Czerny Ernst De Souza Aaron Dernec Bibiana Dietrich Anna Charlotte Dolea Alexandra Eder Birgitta Eichner Ina Einwögerer Thomas Falzone Stella Fill Dominik Fischer‑Bossert Wolfgang Fiska Patrick Formato Lucia Clara Förster Hans Forstner‑Müller Irene Fragnoli Pamela Frerix Benjamin Fritzl Michaela Fugger Verena Gail Niki Galik Alfred Ganciu Ilie‑Iulian Garip Ebru Gauß Walter Gavranović Mario Gianvittorio‑Ungar Laura Gimatzidis Stefanos Gökpinar Yasemin Gonzalez Cesteros Horacio Grill Sophie Groh Stefan Gugl Christian Gundacker Roman Griebl Monika Hagel Stefan Händel Marc Coordinator Jana Johr T (+43 1) 51581‑3479  jana.johr@oeaw.ac.at Isabella Benda‑Weber T (+43 1) 51581‑4020  isabella.benda‑weber@oeaw.ac.at Athens Branch Walter Gauß T (+30 210) 82 13 708-108  walter.gauss@oeaw.ac.at Cairo Branch Pamela Rose T (+20 2) 273 62 356  pamela.rose@oeaw.ac.at Ephesos Branch Filiz Öztürk T (+90 232) 892 63 91  filiz.oezturk@oeaw.ac.at Trainees Katharina Meyer T (+43 1) 51581-4032 katharina.meyer(at)oeaw.ac.at Sophie Grill T (+43 1) 51581-4022  sophie.grill(at)oeaw.ac.at Scientific Director Andreas Pülz Scientific Director Barbara Horejs Executive Director (rotary) Sabine Ladstätter Board of Directors Departments Classical Studies Head Andreas Pülz andreas.puelz@oeaw.ac.at Deputy head Bernhard Woytek bernhard.woytek@oeaw.ac.at Assistant Ida Muharemović T (+43 1) 51581-3483 ida.muharemovic@oeaw.ac.at Historical Archaeology Head Sabine Ladstätter sabine.ladstaetter@oeaw.ac.at Deputy head Oliver Hülden oliver.huelden@oeaw.ac.at Assistant Ebru Garip T (+43 1) 51581-4000 ebru.garip@oeaw.ac.at Prehistory & WANA Archaeology Head Barbara Horejs barbara.horejs@oeaw.ac.at Deputy head Mario Gavranović mario.gavranovic@oeaw.ac.at Assistant Angela Schwab T (+43 1) 51581-6101 angela.schwab@oeaw.ac.at Administration Bibiana Dernec T (43 1) 51581-6167 bibiana.dernec(at)oeaw.ac.at Trainee Natalie Savic T (43 1) 51581-6160 natalie.savic@oeaw.ac.at Trainee Nayeli Balquiria Ramírez Arancibia T (43 1) 51581-6160 nayeli.ramirez@oeaw.ac.at Dagmar Melman T (+43 1) 51581-6102 dagmar.melman(at)oeaw.ac.at Gudrun Krakhofer T (+43 1) 51581-6102 gudrun.krakhofer(at)oeaw.ac.at Head Ulrike Kousek‑Lang T (+43 1) 51581-4001 ulrike.kousek-lang@oeaw.ac.at Maria Röcklinger T (+43 1) 51581-6125 maria.roecklinger(at)oeaw.ac.at Andrea Holanek T (+43 1) 51581-4002 andrea.holanek@oeaw.ac.at Melek Ündemir T (+43 1) 51581-4003 melek.uendemir(at)oeaw.ac.at Branches Athens Team Christoph Baier Walter Gauß Federica Iannone Georg Ladstätter Assistant Sabine Kabourelis‑Steiner T (+30 210) 82 13 708‑111  sabine.kabourelis‑steiner@oeaw.ac.at Head Birgitta Eder T (+30 210) 82 13 708-109 birgitta.eder@oeaw.ac.at Ephesos Excavation Management Filiz Öztürk T (+90 232) 892 63 91  filiz.oeztuerk@oeaw.ac.at Head Sabine Ladstätter Cairo Team Astrid Hassler Uroš Matić  Pamela Rose Head Irene Forstner‑Müller  T (+20 2) 273 62356  irene.forstner‑mueller@oeaw.ac.at Assistant Sarah Abu el Eisch T (+20 2) 273 62356  Krems Head Thomas Einwögerer T (+43) 2732 81228  thomas.eingwoegerer@oeaw.ac.at Research Infrastructure & Services    Publications María Antonia Negrete Martínez T (+43 1) 51581‑6108  marian.negrete‑martinez@oeaw.ac.at Sophie Zimmermann T (+43 1) 51581‑6166  sophie.zimmermann@oeaw.ac.at Ernst Czerny T (+43 1) 51581‑6112  ernst.czerny@oeaw.ac.at Judith Kreuzer T (+43 1) 51581‑4041  judith.kreuzer@oeaw.ac.at Coordinator Barbara Beck‑Brandt T (+43 1) 51581‑4070  barbara.beck‑brandt@oeaw.ac.at Coordinator Ulrike Schuh T (+43 1) 51581‑6144  ulrike.schuh@oeaw.ac.at LIBRARIES Vienna Coordinator Katharina Hasitzka T (+43 1) 51581‑4030  katharina.hasitzka@oeaw.ac.at Jana Johr T (+43 1) 51581‑3479  jana.johr@oeaw.ac.at Anna Zoufalá T (+43 1) 4277‑165 91  anna.zoufala@oeaw.ac.at Archives Public Relations & Events Conference Organisation Romina Weitlaner T (+43 1) 51581‑3496 romina.weitlaner@oeaw.ac.at Social Media Felix Ostmann T (+43 1) 51581‑6123 felix.ostmann@oeaw.ac.at Coordinator Astrid Pircher T (+43 1) 51581‑4060  astrid.pircher@oeaw.ac.at Technical Unit Irene Petschko T (+43 1) 51581-6162 irene.petschko@oeaw.ac.at Elke Profant T (+43 1) 51581‑3459 elke.profant@oeaw.ac.at Franziska Reiner T (+43 1) 51581‑4051 franziska.reiner@oeaw.ac.at Ferenc Zamolyi T (+43 1) 51581‑3497 ferenc.zamolyi@oeaw.ac.at Coordinator Christian Kurtze T (+43 1) 51581‑4050 christian.kurtze@oeaw.ac.at Coordinatior Mario Börner T (+43 1) 51581-6162 mario.boerner@oeaw.ac.at Elise Baudouin T (+43 1) 51581-4100 elise.baudouin@oeaw.ac.at David Blattner T (+43 1) 51581-6123 david.blattner@oeaw.ac.at Niki Gail T (+43 1) 51581‑4040 niki.gail@oeaw.ac.at Astrid Hassler T (+43 1) 51581‑4111 astrid.hassler@oeaw.ac.at Judith Kreuzer T (+43 1) 51581‑4041 judith.kreuzer@oeaw.ac.at Nicola Math T (+43 1) 51581‑4052 nicola.math@oeaw.ac.at Felix Ostmann T (+43 1) 51581-6123 felix.ostmann@oeaw.ac.at Archaeological Sciences Coordinator Michael Brandl T (+43 1) 51581‑6136 michael.brandl@oeaw.ac.at Vasiliki Anevlavi T (+43 1) 51581‑4139 vasiliki.anevlavi@oeaw.ac.at Clare Burke T (+43 1) 51581‑6136 clare.burke@oeaw.ac.at Thorsten Jakobitsch T (+43 1) 51581‑4114 thorsten.jakobitsch@oeaw.ac.at Walter Prochaska T (+43 1) 51581‑4000 walter.prochaska@oeaw.ac.at Gabriela Ruß‑Popa T (+43 1) 51581‑6142 gabriela.russ-popa@oeaw.ac.at Oliver Schmitsberger T (+43 1) 51581‑6136 oliver.schmitsberger@oeaw.ac.at Silvia Wiesinger T (+43 1) 51581‑4134 silvia.wiesinger@oeaw.ac.at HERITAGE SCIENCE Coordinator Sabine Ladstätter Digital Archaeology & Classics Coordinator Christian Gugl T (+43 1) 51581‑3482 christian.gugl@oeaw.ac.at Coordinator Helmut Schwaiger T (+43 1) 51581‑4126 helmut.schwaiger@oeaw.ac.at Nina Brundke T (+43 1) 51581‑4101 nina.brundk(at)oeaw.ac.at Karl Burkhart T (+43 1) 51581‑4124 karl.burkhart(at)oeaw.ac.at Moises Hernandez Cordero T (+43 1) 51581‑3467  Moises.Hernandez.Cordero@oeaw.ac.at Sebastian Mühling T (+43 1) 51581‑3495 sebastian.muehling@oeaw.ac.at Theresa Rinner T (+43 1) 51581-4143 theresa.rinner(at)oeaw.ac.at Bettina Schwarz T (+43 1) 51581-4021 bettina.schwarz(at)oeaw.ac.at Micheline Welte T (+43 1) 51581‑4136 micheline.welte(at)oeaw.ac.at Research Associated & Guest Researchers  
Nikolaidou Dafni  
Dafni Nikolaidou, MA T (+43 1) 51581-4144 E dafni.nikolaidou(at)oeaw.ac.at Current Project Projekt »Dog or its master?«  
Studies on the new Mycenaean palace of Ayios Vasileios in Laconia  
The Ayios Vasileios research project focuses on pottery studies at the newly identified Mycenaean palace in Laconia. The project provides the chronological framework for important episodes in the history of the palace, i.e. construction and destruction events among others. Furthermore, it investigates aspects of production and consumption practices with the help of archaeometric methods.  
Rinner Theresa (copy 2)  
Theresa Rinner, BA BSc MSc T (+43 1) 51581-4145 E theresa.rinner(at)oeaw.ac.at Current Project FWF- Projekt »Geometric/Archaic Pottery from the Artemis Sancutary, Lousoi«  
Numismatics  
Numismatik ist – nach Robert Göbl, dem ersten und langjährigen Obmann der Numismatischen Kommission der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften – die Wissenschaft vom historischen Geldwesen in allen seinen sachlichen, chronologischen und geographischen Erscheinungsformen und Bezügen. Die Forschungsgruppe ›Numismatik‹, die mit der Numismatik eine der wichtigsten historischen Grundlagen- und Quellwissenschaften im Rahmen der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften vertritt, widmet sich dementsprechend – im Prinzip ohne jede räumliche und zeitliche Einschränkung – nicht nur der Erforschung des Münzwesens an sich, sondern auch seiner geld- bzw. finanzgeschichtlichen Hintergründe. Der Entwicklung der numismatischen Forschungstätigkeit an der ÖAW entsprechend, liegen die Schwerpunkte ihrer Arbeit auf der Erforschung der Münz- und Geldgeschichte des antiken Österreich, des römischen Kaiserreiches sowie des antiken Iran. Leitung Nikolaus Schindel  
Archaeology at the Danube: pilot study Bisamberg  
The Bisamberg pilot project aims to document traces of settlement as well as antiquarian archaeological excavations on Vienna’s famous local mountain by means of geophysical prospection, and to assign the prehistoric finds to the individual sites.  
History of Ancient Law and Papyrology  
The research group Ancient Legal History and Papyrology emerged from the former Commission for Ancient Legal History of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The group conducts research into ancient legal history with a focus on the documentary texts surviving in inscriptions and papyri. Her research focuses on the law of the Greek polis and its epigraphic evidence, as well as the legal life and institutions of Hellenistic and Roman Egypt on the basis of the papyrological testimonies. Head Thomas Kruse  
Pülz Andrea  
Mag. Dr. Andrea M. Pülz T (+43 1) 51581-4121 E andrea.puelz(at)oeaw.ac.at Biography Degrees in Classical Archaeology and combination of subjects (Pre and Early History, Ancient History, History) from the University of Vienna. Doctorate 2003. Since 1997, processing of small finds in Ephesos as part of FWF funded projects: first the gold finds from the Artemision, then the Byzantine small finds of metal and bone. From 2007 to 2009, analysis of the Byzantine gold jewelry in the Roman-Germanic Museum Mainz. From 2017 to 2020 examination of the small finds from the Paulus Monastery at Theben/Upper Egypt (FWF/DFG). Research areas Cult and Sanctuary: Small finds, particularly gold finds, from the Artemision of Ephesos Daily Life: Byzantine small finds Current Projects Does Material Matter? Publikationsprojekt: B. Pulsinger, Perlen und Anhänger aus dem Artemision von Ephesos (ungedr. Dissertation 2003), Bearbeitung und Drucklegung   Detailed Biography BERUFLICHER WERDEGANG seit 2020 Leitung des Projekts: »Does material matter? Similarities and Differences in Metal Jewellery (Earrings, Buckles and Belt Ornaments) of the Early and Middle Byzantine Realm«, finanziert vom FWF (Nr. P32590-G) (50 %) seit 2020 50 % - Anstellung im Projekt: »Das Artemision von Ephesos« 2017–2020 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin (25%) im Projekt: »Deir el-Bachit und das thebanische Pauloskloster« (Leitung: I. Eichner; finanziert von FWF und DFG), verantwortlich für die Bearbeitung der Kleinfunde aus Holz, Metall, Bein 2017–2020 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am ÖAI (50%, ab Juli 2018 25%): Tätigkeitsbereich: Byzantinische Kleinfunde und Schmuck 2017 Dienstvertrag am ÖAI (50%): Römische Buntmetallfunde aus Ephesos im Kunsthistorischen Museum, Byzantinischer Schmuck Mit September 2017 25%-Anstellung am IKAnt für die Bearbeitung der Kleinfunde in dem Projekt »Deir el-Bachit und das thebanische Pauloskloster (Ägypten)« (FWF-DFG-Projekt, Leitung I. Eichner)  2011–2016 Leitung des FWF-Projekts »Byzantinische Kleinfunde und ihre Werkstätten in Ephesos« 2008–2011 Teilzeit-Ersatzkraft in der Redaktion des ÖAI 2007–2009 Bearbeitung des byzantinischen Goldschmucks im Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum in Mainz 2001–2004 Bearbeitung der Goldfunde aus dem Artemision (im Rahmen eines FWF-Projekts)     AUSBILDUNG/AKADEMISCHE LAUFBAHN 2003 Promotion »Form, Funktion und Bedeutung der Goldappliken aus dem Artemision von Ephesos« 1998 Sponsion »Der Raum, seine Formen und Funktionen. Zu Interpretationsmöglichkeiten von materieller Kultur« ab 1989 Studium der Klassischen Archäologie und Fächerkombination an der Universität Wien     GUTACHTERTÄTIGKEIT   2009 Proceedings of the 9th Annual Meeting of Young Researchers in Cypriot Archaeology, Oxford, 19–21 November 2009     WICHTIGSTE PROJEKTE 2020–2024 FWF-Projekt (P32590-G): » Does material matter? Similarities and Differences in Metal Jewellery (Earrings, Buckles and Belt Ornaments) of the Early and Middle Byzantine Realm” (Projektleitung) 2017–2020 »Die Kleinfunde aus dem thebanischen Pauloskloster« im FWF/DFG-Projekt Deir el-Bachît und das thebanische Pauloskloster (Projektleitung: I. Eichner) 2011–2016 FWF-Projekt (P22941-G 19) »Die byzantinischen Kleinfunde und ihre Werkstätten in Ephesos« (Projektleitung) 2001–2004 FWF-Projekt (P15071) »Die Goldfunde aus dem Artemision (Projektleitung U. Muss)«   WICHTIGSTE KOOPERATIONSPARTNER DER LETZTEN 5 JAHRE ▪ Cengiz Topal, Feride Kat (Ephesos Museum Selçuk) ▪ Georg A. Plattner, Manuela Laubenberger (Antikensammlung des Kunsthistorischen Museums in Wien) ▪ Manfred Schreiner, Michael Melcher (Institut für Naturwissenschaften und Technologie in der Kunst, Akademie der Bildenden Künste Wien) ▪ Birgit Bühler, David Zs. Schwarcz, Matthias Mehofer (VIAS) ▪ Falko Daim (RGZM Mainz) Presentations Auswahl der letzten 5 Jahre 21.5.2019 Zeugnisse der materiellen Kultur aus Deir-el Bachit. Ausgewählte Kleinfunde aus Holz, Bein, Glas und Metall (Internationaler Workshop, Wien: Das Pauloskloster in den Bergen von Djeme/Oberägypten (6.–10. Jh. n. Chr.) 19.12.2019 Die Bedeutung von Metall: Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede bei byzantinischem Schmuck (ÖAI Workshop 2019, Sky Lounge Universität Wien/AUSTRIA) 2.7.2019 Objects in Motion. The Mobility of Objects and styles inside the Byzantine Empire illustrated by examples of different types of jewellery (International Medieval Congress, Leeds/UK) 13.2.2019 Byzantine Crosses from Ephesos. Iconography, Technology, Material Analyses (National Archaeological Institute with Museum Sofia, Sofia/BG) 16.9.2018 Byzantinischer Schmuck aus Edelmetall (Schallaburg)  
Rebay-Salisbury Katharina  
Biography Prehistoric archaeologist with a research focus on the European Bronze and Iron Ages, leader of the research group ‘Prehistoric Identities’. After gaining her PhD at the University of Vienna in 2005, Katharina Rebay-Salisbury was a post-doc at the Universities of Cambridge and Leicester in the UK, where she participated in research programmes on the human body and networks, researching the introduction of cremation in Late Bronze Age Europe and Iron Age networks of human representations. Her monograph ‘The Human Body in Early Iron Age Central Europe’ was published with Routledge in 2016. She returned to Vienna in 2015, with an FWF-funded project on the social status of motherhood in Bronze Age Europe. In the same year, she was awarded the ERC Starting Grant for the project ‘The value of mothers to society’. In this project, she investigates social reactions to pregnancy, childbirth and early parenthood as well as the relationship between women’s reproductive and social status with an interdisciplinary team. 2016 she was elected member of the Young Academy of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. In 2017, she gained the teaching rights at the University of Vienna for the subject Prehistoric and Historical Archaeology with the Habilitation thesis ‘Bodies, identities and social relations in Bronze and Iron Age Central Europe’. Areas of Specialisation Archaeology of motherhood Archaeology of the human body, gender, identity and personhood Bio-archaeology, anthropology, DNA, isotopes Mortuary archaeology, cremation and inhumation Bronze and Iron Age Europe, social complexity Intersections of the prehistoric and classical worlds of the first millennium BC History of archaeological thought, theory and practice  
young.academics.oeai  
Coordination Jasmin Ableidinger (group leader) Barbara Rankl (co-leader) The network »young.academics.oeai« provides doctoral and masters students who are participating in OeAI projects with a platform where they can connect and exchange ideas. Work is presented within the group in an informal setting, methodological approaches are discussed, and information is exchanged. Furthermore, It is possible to invite scholars of a variety of areas and disciplines for lectures and workshops so that the students are able to familiarize themselves with various methods and develop their own skills. Communication takes place by e-Mail and through a Facebook group. Twice a year a jour fixes takes place and depending on need there are meetings in smaller groups. The network is supported by PD Dr. Sabine Ladstätter. Scientific Works Jasmin Ableidinger: Archäologische Interpretation der geophysikalischen Prospektionsmessungen von Ephesos 1995–2016 Complete title: "Archäologische Interpretation der geophysikalischen Prospektionsmessungen von Ephesos 1995 – 2016"  Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: S. Ladstätter, I. Trinks Short description: On the basis of extensive ground-penetrating radar and magnetic survey data recorded from 1995 to 2016 from Ephesos, this dissertation project deals with the archaeological interpretation of the results of this non-destructive geophysical prospection. This will lead to a comprehensive characterization of the settlement area of Ephesos and I will carry out cultural and historical analyses through the comparison of the excavated material from a topographical perspective. Furthermore, the extensive possibilities but also the limits in the integration of archaeological and geophysical data in settlement archaeology will be analyzed. Anna Charlotte Dietrich: A critical reassessment of written sources for a historical chronology of the New Kingdom Complete title: »A critical reassessment of written sources for a historical chronology of the New Kingdom«  Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: R. Gundacker Short description: The dissertation examines the historical chronology of the ancient Egyptian New Kingdom (ca. 1550 – 1050 B.C.; Dynasties 18 – 20). By means of collecting and critically evaluating written sources as well as genealogical investigations, the duration of the individual administrations and their relationship to each other should be deduced. Furthermore, synchronisms with other Levantine cultures will be taken into consideration. (Sub-project 4 of the ERC Starting Grants (GA Nr. 757951) "Challenging Time(s): A New Approach to Written Sources for Ancient Egyptian Chronology"). Iulian Ganciu: The heritage story of Ephesos: archaeology, cultural landscapes and intercultural dynamics Complete title: "The heritage story of Ephesos: archaeology, cultural landscapes and intercultural dynamics"  Type: Dissertation University: University of Applied Arts Vienna Advisor: G. Krist, S. Ladstätter Short description: The research is focused on the management of the cultural heritage of Ephesos and deals with topics, such as the social commitment, mass tourism, the role of archaeology for identity formation and development, the history of the landscape, as well as the importance of this special archaeological site.  Kathrin Gschwendtner: Hellenistische Keramik im südwestlichen Kleinasien Complete title: "Hellenistische Keramik im südwestlichen Kleinasien"  Type: Dissertation University: Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich Advisor: O.Hülden Short description: The Hellenistic fine wares in south-western Asia Minor have only been analyzed as part of individual research projects and have never been studied in their overall context. This dissertation project will for the first time in the research of this pottery group close the gap between the many, parallel research projects and their separate observations and develop a uniform and comprehensive reference system. The area under study mainly includes Lycia as well as the more or less adjacent regions of Ionia, Caria, Pamphylia, Pisidia including the Kibyratis, and Cilicia. The chronological framework reaches from the end of the 4th to the 1st century BCE. and mainly covers the Hellenistic period including the transition to and influence of the Roman period.   Kadriye Güler: Die Datierung der Celsus-Bibliothek auf Basis der Terra Sigillata Funde Complete title: "Die Datierung der Celsus-Bibliothek auf Basis der Terra Sigillata Funde"  Type: Master thesis University: University of Vienna Advisor: S. Ladstätter Katharina Huber: The circulation properties of Republican Roman coins during the Imperial period Complete title: »The circulation properties of Republican Roman coins during the Imperial period«  Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: B. Woytek Short description: n this dissertation, the circulation behaviours of Republican Roman coins, in particular the silver denarius, after the period of rule of Augustus will be examined. Since the continued use of this coinage represents a central phenomenon of the Roman monetary economy – especially of the early and high imperial period –, the influences of monetary reform on the circulation of Republican denarii, and the causes for the disappearance of the majority of the pre-imperial silver coins during the period of rule of the emperors Trajan and Hadrian form a central aspect of the investigation. Consequently, additional research focuses emerge, such as for example the purposeful "recycling" of old money, regional differences in the circulation behaviours of Republican coins, and the difference in the circulation behaviour of various Republican coin types and type groups. Utku Ince: Late Roman C Ware in Ephesus Complete title: "Late Roman C Ware in Ephesus" Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: G. Schörner, S. Ladstätter Sophie Insulander: Prokonnesischer Marmor in Ephesos Complete title: "Prokonnesischer Marmor in Ephesos" Type: Master thesis University: University of Vienna Advisor: S. Ladstätter Short description: Where, in which building types and components was Proconnesian marble used in imperial period Ephesos? Which role did Ephesos play in the export and trade of marble from Proconnesos? Based on three Ephesian buildings – the Harbor Baths, the Olympieion, and the so-called Serapeion – that were constructed of this marble according to the geological analyses of Walter Prochaska (Montanuniversität Leoben), this thesis will follow up on these questions and also provide insight into the research history of marble attributions in Ephesos. Thorsten Jakobitsch: Maintenance or cultivation? Complete title: »Maintenance or cultivation? Woodland management strategies in the late Neolithic pile dwellings of Lakes Mondsee and Attersee and in surrounding settlements« Type: Dissertation University: BOKU (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna) Advisors: Sabine Rosner (BOKU), Andreas G. Heiss (OeAI), Timothy Tailor (University of Vienna), Jutta Leskovar (OÖ Landesmuseum), Cyril Dworsky (Kuratorium Pfahlbauten), Kerstin Kowarik (NHM Vienna) Short description: In my dissertation, I analyse botanical remains from a lakeside settlement at the Upper Austrian Lakes Lake Mondsee and Attersee. The good preservation of the botanical macro remains allows for the investigation of agricultural and forestry practices of farmers from these pile dwelling villages. I am especially interested in usage and cultivation of the surrounding woods for extracting farmland, aggregate fruit and animal food. Johannes Jüngling: A critical reassessment of written sources for a historical chronology of the Early Dynastic period and the Old Kingdom Complete title: »A critical reassessment of written sources for a historical chronology of the Early Dynastic period and the Old Kingdom«  Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: R. Gundacker Short descripition: In absolute chronological terms, this dissertation deals with the period of ca. 3000 until 2100 B.C. (Dynasties 0-6). The main field of investigation are dated (to the day) Egyptian inscriptions (administrative documents, building dipinti, annals etc.), based on which a) the duration of rule of particular kings should be re-evaluated and b) controversial individual questions regarding the methods of dating should be clarified. Furthermore, other potentially relevant texts for dating, for example with genealogical or astronomical information, will be incorporated (Sub-project 2 of the ERC Starting Grants "Challenging Time(s): A New Approach to Written Sources for Ancient Egyptian Chronology"). Nisan Lordoğlu: Reworked Sculptures of Ephesus Complete title: Reworked Sculptures of Ephesus Type: Dissertation University: Universität Hamburg Advisor: Ch. Berns, S. Ladstätter Short description: The purpose of this study is to analyse the reworked sculptures in Ephesus and to study the reasons of relocating these materials in different places, including a special study on the local marble quarries and workshops. The main aim is to seek answers for the reasons of reworking portrait sculptures while integrating the results within the social, economic and cultural identities and developments of Late Antique Ephesus. Alvie Loufouma Mbouaka: Biomolecular Approaches to Malaria in past human remains Complete title: "Biomolecular Approaches to Malaria in past human remains"  Type: Dissertation University: Medical University Vienna, Department of Specific Prophylaxis and Tropical Medicine  Advisor: H. Noedl, M. Binder Petra Mayrhofer: Badekulturen im Vergleich am Beispiel von Ephesos/Selçuk Complete title: "Badekulturen im Vergleich am Beispiel von Ephesos/Selçuk (Arbeitstitel)"  Type: Dissertation University: Technical University of Vienna Advisor: M. Steskal, E. Lehner Short description: The main focus of the dissertation is the precise archaeological and architectural study of an unexplored, small medieval-early modern bathing complex in Ephesos/Selçuk Vera Michel: Besiedlung im Avaris der späten Zweiten Zwischenzeit Complete title: "Besiedlung im Avaris der späten Zweiten Zwischenzeit - Areal R/III (Tell el-Dab'a)"  Type: Dissertation University: Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg Advisor: J. F. Quack, P.-C. Jánosi Short description: The settlement in question is the area R/III, a city quarter of Avaris/Tell el-Dab’a. The focus of the dissertation is the pottery and the archaeological context of area R/III. The material culture, architectural remains, and the contextual analysis permits the incorporation of the area R/III into the urban morphology of Avaris during the late Second Intermediate Period (15th dynasty) as well as the analysis of social and cultural aspects of the inhabitants of Avaris.  Nicole Mittermair: Bronze Age alloying practices and traditions in the Balkan region Complete title: »Bronze Age alloying practices and traditions in the Balkan region« Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: B. Horejs Short description: Mithilfe von Spurenelement- und Bleiisotopenanalysen wird die chemische Zusammensetzung von Kupfer- und Bronzeobjekten aus dem Balkanraum der Bronzezeit unter chronologischem sowie chorologischen Gesichtspunkten analysiert. Ziel dabei ist es, im Rahmen des übergeordneten Forschungsprojekts »New insights in Bronze Age metal producing societies: an interdisciplinary study on the social impact of metallurgy and exchange networks« durch Bearbeitung sowohl bereits publizierter als auch neu vorgelegter ärchäometrischer Daten unter Berücksichtigung archäologischer Kontexte Entwicklungen, Parallelen sowie Besonderheiten in den metallurgischen Praktiken und Traditionen auf lokaler als auch überregionaler Ebene zu fassen. Mithilfe der Ergebnisse jener Untersuchungen sollen Erkenntnisse zu technologischen Kommunikations- und sozialen Distributionsnetzwerken bronzezeitlicher Gesellschaften gewonnen werden. Florian Oppitz: Die spätantiken Opus sectile-Böden von Ephesos Complete Title: "Die spätantiken Opus sectile-Böden von Ephesos" Type: Master thesis University: University of Vienna Advisor: S. Ladstätter Short description: The aim is the study of all late antique opus sectile floors in the area of Ephesos (time period: ca. Diocletian to Heraclius). Both the technical aspects, such as the method of production and selection of materials, shapes, colors, and motifs will be studied as well as the social importance of these artistic floor designs will be discussed. A comprehensive analysis of the results is followed by a final comparison with opus sectile floors in other regions of the Imperium Romanum. Christina Pekrul: Territoriale Herrschaftssicherung in Lykien in vorhellenistischer Zeit am Beispiel des Yavu-Berglandes Complete title: "Territoriale Herrschaftssicherung in Lykien in vorhellenistischer Zeit am Beispiel des Yavu-Berglandes"  Type: Master thesis University: University of Vienna Advisor: O. Hülden Short description: Das in Zentrallykien gelegene Yavu-Bergland zeichnet sich durch eine Vielzahl von Befestigungsanlagen aus, die das Machtgebiet der auf dem Avşar Tepesi gelegenen lykischen Siedlung Zagaba schützen. Die Masterarbeit stellt eine Untersuchung dieses territorialen Befestigungssystems in einem Zeitraum starker politischer Machtverschiebungen innerhalb Lykiens um 400 v. Chr. dar. Das Ziel ist es, neue Erkenntnisse zu lokalen Macht- und Herrschaftsstrukturen im spätklassischen Lykien zu gewinnen.  Matthias Pichler: Städtebau im Zusammenspiel kaiserlicher, regionaler und lokaler Baupolitik Complete title: "Städtebau im Zusammenspiel kaiserlicher, regionaler und lokaler Baupolitik. Untersuchungen zu urbanen Transformationsprozessen und mikroregionalen Städtenetzwerken in der römischen Kaiserzeit am Beispiel der Provinz Lycia et Pamphylia" Type: Dissertation University: Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich Advisor: O. Hülden Short description: The dissertation project deals with the analysis of urban planning developments in the Roman province of Lycia et Pamphylia and the resulting changes and continuities in urban space. At the same time the study will identify the groups of persons actively involved in urban processes through the implementation of construction projects and within the context of selected microregions it will point out the complex entanglement between the interests of various social collectives and the conversion of urban spaces. Julian Posch: A critical reassessment of written sources for a historical chronology of the First Intermediate Period, the Middle Kingdom, and the Second Intermediate Period Complete title: »A critical reassessment of written sources for a historical chronology of the First Intermediate Period, the Middle Kingdom, and the Second Intermediate Period« Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: R. Gundacker Short description: This dissertation deals with the Egyptian chronology of the First Intermediate Period, the Middle Kingdom, and the Second Intermediate Period (ca. 2100 – 1550 B.C.; Dynasties 8 – 17). For this purpose, ancient Egyptian written sources will be critically evaluated and genealogical data (regarding private individuals and the royal family) will be examined, in order to reassess a) questions of the co-regency of the Middle Kingdom and b) the sequence of kings in the Intermediate Periods, as well as additional detailed questions. (Sub-project 3 of the ERC Starting Grants "Challenging Time(s): A New Approach to Written Sources for Ancient Egyptian Chronology", GA Nr. 757951). Barbara Rankl: Entwicklung des Wiederaufbaus und der Restaurierung in Ephesos Complete title: "Entwicklung des Wiederaufbaus und der Restaurierung in Ephesos"  Type: Dissertation University: University of Applied Arts Vienna Advisor: G. Krist, S. Ladstätter Short description: The conservation study research project is aimed at a systematic and methodological examination of the history of restoration and the development of reconstructions in Ephesos. Here the role of monument preservation will be studied in view of the transformation of the city of Ephesos from a natural landscape of ruins to an archaeological park utilized by mass tourism. The necessary research questions will be answered with the aid of object-based research, such as conservational inventory and condition reports, and material scientific studies. Katharina Rusch: Geophysikalische Untersuchungen archäologischer Stätten auf dem nördlichen Peloponnes Complete title: "Geophysikalische Untersuchungen archäologischer Stätten auf dem nördlichen Peloponnes"  Type: Dissertation University: Christian Albrechts-University of Kiel Advisor: W. Gauss Luise Schintlmeister: Glasfunde aus einem spätantik-mittelalterlichen Stadtquartier in Ephesos Complete title: "Glasfunde aus einem spätantik-mittelalterlichen Stadtquartier in Ephesos" Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: S. Ladstätter, T. Taylor Short description: The dissertation project deals with the cultural and historical investigation of Byzantine glass finds from an urban residential and workshop quarter in Ephesos. The building and vessel glass is analyzed according to functional, technological, typological, and socio-economic aspects in order to reconstruct the use of glass in medieval daily life and in housing. The scientific analysis of the chemical composition is expected to provide information on production technology as well as the origin and the commercial value of the objects. Further information:  Ephesos-Glasuntersuchungen Ephesos-Glasanalaysen Dávid Schwarcz: Buntmetallverarbeitung in Ephesos in byzantinischer Zeit Complete title: "Buntmetallverarbeitung in Ephesos in byzantinischer Zeit"  Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: F. Daim, S. Ladstätter Short description: This research project deals with the metal working production sites within the ancient city of Ephesos with a focus on the workshops in Terrace House 2. The research questions relate to the history of technology (e.g. utilized alloys, production and decorating techniques) as well as economic and sociological aspects of metal working (e.g. which products, in which quality or quantity were produced and which social stratum was furnished with the goods). The topic relies on historical-archaeological and scientific methods. Magdalena T. Srienc: Lifeways of the early medieval Slavs Complete title: "Lifeways of the early medieval Slavs: A bioarchaeological examination of diet and health from the human remains from three cemeteries north and south of the Karawanken Mountains" Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Avisors: S. Ladstätter, S. Kirchengast Short description: This doctoral project aims to explore and compare the lifeways of three communities from the Eastern Alpine region in Austria and Slovenia during the early medieval period (7th-10th centuries AD). The human skeletal remains will be analyzed using macroscopic methods as well as stable isotopes (C and N) for diet reconstruction and ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis to identify migration patterns. Michael Stal: The coinage in Khuzestan from Alexander the Great until the end of the Sasanian Complete title: »The coinage in Khuzestan from Alexander the Great until the end of the Sasanian«  Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: N. Schindel Short description: The research undertaking, covering the period from ca. 325 B.C. until ca. 642 A.D., is situated in the discipline of Oriental numismatics; it therefore involves the epochs of the Seleucid, Arsacid and Sasanian dominance in the region of Khuzestan in today's Iran, as well as the attempts at independence under autonomous rulers. Here, the numismatic and economic processes – such as, for example, the onset of the use of coinage, the beginning of local coinage and the differences with neighbouring regions and cities – in Khuzestan, and their historical ramifications, will be investigated. Equally, this study will also address possible geographic and chronological restrictions of nominalia and coin types, or even their continued usage and/or adoption. Johannes Stelzhammer: 193/94 n.Chr.: Aufbruch ins 3. Jahrhundert? – Pescennius Niger, Septimius Severus und die Prägestätten im Osten des Reichs Complete Title »193/94 n.Chr.: Aufbruch ins 3. Jahrhundert? – Pescennius Niger, Septimius Severus und die Prägestätten im Osten des Reichs«  Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor B. Woytek Short description: Das Dissertationsvorhaben strebt den Aufbau einer verlässlichen numismatischen Materialbasis für die Krisenjahre nach dem Ende des Pertinax an. Nach Erstellung eines Typen-Corpus und einer möglichst vollständigen Stempelstudie zu den Prägungen des Pescennius Niger, wird sich die Arbeit der Beantwortung offener Fragen zu Struktur und Organisation der damaligen Münzprägung im Osten des Imperium Romanum widmen. Besondere Beachtung wird die historische und finanzgeschichtliche Interpretation der erhobenen numismatischen Befunde, auch in Hinblick auf die weitere geldgeschichtliche Entwicklung im 3. Jahrhundert n.Chr. erfahren.  Stephanie Stoss: Die Herakles-Kentaurengruppen aus Ephesos im Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien Complete title: "Die Herakles-Kentaurengruppen aus Ephesos im Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien" Type: Master thesis University: University of Vienna Advisor S. Ladstätter Short description: The Heracles-Centaur groups in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna (Antikensammlung, Inv.-Nr. VI 3169) are the topic of this master thesis. They will be studied regarding their state of preservation, additions and restorations and will be dated based on an iconographic, stylistic, production technological analysis. Furthermore, their find context in the marble hall of the Harbor Gymnasium in Ephesos will be discussed in greater detail in order to gain information both regarding the relationship of the probably identical groups to each other in terms of their original function and context as well as any subsequent re-use. Johanna Struber-Ilhan: Die dünnwandige Keramik aus Ephesos Complete title: "Die dünnwandige Keramik aus Ephesos. Eine gattungsspezifische Untersuchung der dünnwandigen Keramik mit dem Schwerpunkt in späthellenistisch augusteischer Zeit bis zum Ende des 1. Jhs. n. Chr."  Type: Dissertation University: University of Salzburg Advisor: W. Wohlmayr, S. Ladstätter Alexandra Tanner: Drei hellenistische ,Naiskoi‘ im Theaterbereich von Aigeira Complete title: "Drei hellenistische ,Naiskoi‘ im Theaterbereich von Aigeira (Arbeitstitel)"  Type: Dissertation University: University of Zurich Advisor: C. Reusser, A. v. Kienlin Short description: Aigeira-Naiskoi Nora-Miriam Voß: Handel, Wirtschaft und lokale Traditionen Complete title: "Handel, Wirtschaft und lokale Traditionen. Eine Analyse von Keramik aus antiken Städten und ihres Umlandes in Nordjordanien" Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: G. Schörner, M. Kerschner Short description: The aim of the dissertation project is the processing of the pottery finds from the survey that took place as part of the project „Historical Land Use and Landscape Change in the Decapolis Region (Jordan)“ of the Institute for Classical Archaeology at the University of Vienna in the area of Abila, Umm el-Jimal, and Gadara. Through the comparison of pottery from these three ancient sites and their environs the role of the sites within the commercial and economic network in ancient northern Jordan and the Decapolis region will be clarified and studied. Furthermore, based on the pottery shapes and the composition of the clay, possible local workshop traditions will be defined and their connection to other supraregional centers of pottery production will be evaluated. Sara Wanek: Untersuchungen zur Entwicklung des astronomischen Wissens in der römischen Kaiserzeit Complete title: "Untersuchungen zur Entwicklung des astronomischen Wissens in der römischen Kaiserzeit anhand archäologischer Quellen mit besonderem Augenmerk auf die Einflussfaktoren der größten Expansion des Imperium Romanum auf den Wissenstransfer und auf die wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse in der Astronomie" Type: Dissertation University: University of Vienna Advisor: M. Steskal Short description: Astronomical knowledge of the Roman imperial period will be demonstrated based on the material remains and interpreted in connection with the written sources. An emphasis is placed on the depiction of celestial globes and on a reassessment of the knowledge regarding the spherical shape of earth.  Ibrahim Yavuz: Ausgrabungen in Ephesos zwischen 1896-1914 im Lichte der osmanisch-habsburgischen diplomatischen Korrespondenz Complete title: "Ausgrabungen in Ephesos zwischen 1896-1914 im Lichte der osmanisch-habsburgischen diplomatischen Korrespondenz" Type: Master thesis University: University of Vienna Advisor: C. Römer, S. Ladstätter Short description: The diplomatic correspondence from the turn of the century to the beginning of the First World War between the Ottoman and Habsburg authorities, officials and academics is the research basis for this project. For example foreign researchers usually received a one-year excavation permit in order to work in Ephesos: This tradition has continued to the present day. This correspondence can also be reconstructed based on the materials that are kept in various archives (OeSTA Embassy Archive - Constantinople from 1896-1918/Vienna, OeAI Archive/Vienna, Department of Ottoman Archives/Istanbul-Kağıthane, AMI Archive/Istanbul-Gülhane). In addition to the description of the historical context, the transcription and translation of non-German documents are the focus of this master thesis.  
Rinner Theresa  
Theresa Rinner T (+43 1) 51581-4143 E theresa.rinner(at)oeaw.ac.at Research areas Digital Archaeology  
Festi Daniela  
Dr. Daniela Festi T (+43 1) 51581-xxxx E daniela.festi(at)oeaw.ac.at Biography Master Degree in Environmental Sciences from the University of Padova (Italy) and PhD in Biology with focus Palynology and Archaeobotany from the University of Innsbruck. Since 2006, participation in numerous international research projects in the Alpine region focusing on past vegetation reconstruction, human impact on the environment, and ice core chronology. Guest lecturer at the Ruhr Bochum University (Germany). Research areas Palynology Vegetation history Landscape archaeology Climate change Current Projects OeAI: ZeitenSprung Detailed Biography BERUFLICHER WERDEGANG 2020 Postdoctoral researcher, Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research (IGF-OeAW) 2017–2020 Postdoctoral researcher, University of Bolzano-Bozen 2017–2018 Postdoctoral researcher, Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research (IGF-OeAW) 2012-2016 Postdoctoral researcher, Department of Botany, University of Innsbruck 2008–2012 Research fellow, Department of Botany, University of Innsbruck 2006–2008 Research fellow, MUSE - Science Museum Trento 2005–2006 Technical assistant, MUSE - Science Museum Trento AUSBILDUNG/AKADEMISCHE LAUFBAHN 2012 PhD in Natural Sciences (focus Palynology and Archaeobotany) from the University of Innsbruck, Thesis: »Palynological reconstruction of the onset and development of alpine pasture in the Eastern Alps since the Neolithic« (supervisor K. Oeggl) 2004 Master in Natural Sciences (focus Conservation of Nature and its Resources) from the University of Padova, Thesis: »Vegetation analyses of the Valle del Chiese grassland in the frame of their use for fitobalneotherapy purposes« (supervisor F. Caniglia) GUTACHTERTÄTIGKEIT   Atmospheric Environment   Journal of Glaciology   Permafrost and Periglacial Processes   Vegetation History and Archaeobotany   Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria AUSZEICHNUNGEN UND PREISE         MITGLIEDSCHAFT IN WISSENSCHAFTLICHEN EINRICHTUNGEN, BEIRÄTEN UND KOMMITEES since 2014 Member of EGU – European Geoscience Union since 2018 Member of UV for Plants Association 2018–2019 AIQUA – Italian Association for Quaternary Science MITGLIEDSCHAFT IN HERAUSGEBERKOMMITEES         WICHTIGSTE PROJEKTE 2018 Knoll-Widmung, OeAW : »ToxiPoll-Toxic effects of herbicides on pollen physiology« 2017 EUREGIO Fund for Science: »CALICE – Calibrating Biodiversity in glacier ice« 2013 South Tyrol Fund for Science: »PAMOGIS – Pollen Analyses of the Ortes Glacier samples« 2008 FWF 21129-G19 »The Neolithic agricultural regime in the Inner Alps« 2010 Early Career Researcher Grant of the CARITRO Foundation (Italy): »Human impact of the Epigravettian culture on the vegetation on a regional scale« 2006 Early Career Researcher Grant of the CARITRO Foundation (Italy): »Palaeoenvironmenral study of Palú Echen« WICHTIGSTE KOOPERATIONSPARTNER (IN DEN LETZTEN 5 JAHREN)   Klaus Oeggl (University of Innsbruck)   Kerstin Kowarik (Natural History Museum of Vienna)   Paolo Gabrielli (Byrd Polar Research Center, Ohio State University)   Alistair Seddon (University of Bergen)   Cristiano Vernesi (Fondazione Edmund Mach) LEHRE 2021 Guest Lecturer, Ruhr Bochum University     BETREUUNG AKADEMISCHER ARBEITEN abgeschlossen M. Nieuwkerk, The influence of ecological plasticity and genetic adaptation on UV-B absorbing compounds in pollen (Master thesis, Utrecht University).     aktuell M. Nieuwkerk, Using UV-B absorbing compounds in sporopollenin as a proxy for plant received UV-B: a greenhouse and field experiment approach (PhD thesis, University of Bergen).   ÖFFENTLICHKEITSARBEIT UND WISSENSCHAFTSKOMMUNIKATION 2018 TV Documentary »Mythos Hallstatt«. Terra Mater. International broadcast  
»Die Neolithische Revolution. Fakten, Narrative & Perspektiven«  
Barbara Horejs (OeAI)
Lecture, Zoom
 
Mediterranean Economies  
The research group ›Mediterranean Economies‹ is combining archaeological case studies with economic theory. The development of the forces of production constitutes a decisive factor in the history of human societies and thus also determines contacts between societies to a large extend. Therefore, research into the modes of production, property as well as exchange relationships between different pre- and early-state societies around the Mediterranean in the 2nd and early 1st millennia BCE form the central subject of the different research programs. Head Reinhard Jung  
Unlocking the secrets of cremated human remains: Temporality, gendered mobility and family relations in Late Bronze Age Austria  
Based on cremation cemeteries in Austria, this interdisciplinary project investigates ritual practices, gender mobility and social relations in Late Bronze Age using new bioarchaeological methods.  
CoPOWER: Government of Life and Death: The Rise of Coercive Power in European Late Prehistory  
CoPOWER adopts state-of-the-art archaeological and bioarchaeological approaches to investigate the transition to urban society and the rise of increasingly sophisticated social control mechanisms in Europe, c. 2000–500 BC.  
Early Bronze Age burials at Franzhausen  
The early Bronze Age cemeteries Franzhausen I and II with over 2200 burials provide the data basis for this research cooperation.  
The social status of motherhood in Bronze Age Europe  
This project focused on developping a methodology to investigate motherhood through pelvic changes in female human remains.  
The Value of Mothers to Society: Responses to motherhood and child rearing practices in prehistoric Europe  
Analysing the link between reproduction and women’s social status, this project explores social responses to pregnancy, birth and childrearing from the late Neolithic to the late Iron Age (c. 3000–15 BC) through case studies in central Europe.  
Attic Head Vessels Revisited  
Principal Investigator Elisabeth Trinkl (assoz.) Cooperations University of Graz Hexagon (Cultural Heritage department) Funding Fritz-Thyssen-Stiftung The project “Attic Head Vessels Revisited” started from the Attic head vases (IV 997-1000, 1038, 1039, 3776, 4550) stored in the Department of Antiquities of the Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien  and the corresponding high resolution 3D scanned models. It is well documented that the vast majority of Attic pottery is thrown on the pottery wheel. However, when it comes to head vases the potters only used this technique to make the upper part of the vessel (i.e., the neck and rim), as the body of the vessel (i.e., the head) were made using double moulds. Aware that the use of moulds enables mass production, while maintaining general quality standards and similar dimensions, prompts the question: were similar shape vases made by the same mould? Because it is hard to answer this question by using conventional methods, we will use 3D digital models. This approach will enable qualitative and quantitative comparisons of both general shape and fine features of the vases, even when they have been stored in different places. From these comparisons, we aim at gaining further knowledge on the production and efficiency of Athenian pottery workshops, as well as on the chronology of these specific vases. So far, Attic head vases from the following collections have been made available for this research: Berlin, Antikensammlung; Bologna, Archaeological Museum; Budapest, Nationalmuseum; Munich, Antikensammlungen; Tübingen, University; Wien, Kunsthistorisches Museum. We gratefully thank all curators who showed interest in this project and generously granted access to the collections. All 3D models will be included in the ongoing ODEEG-project (Online database for research on the development of pottery shapes and filling capacities - Go!Digital-Projekt), from the Austrian Archaeological Institute (OeAI, OeAW).   Publications  E. Trinkl – D. Rieke-Zapp – L. Homer, Face to face – Considering the moulding of Attic head vases reconsidering Beazley's groups by quantitative analysis, JASREP 2017 (doi: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.07.023) E. Trinkl – A. Schöne-Denkinger –D. Rieke-Zapp, Hightech trifft auf griechische Kopfgefäße, Antike Welt: Zeitschrift für Archaeologie und Kulturgeschichte 17,1. 2017, 35–37 D.H. Rieke-Zapp – E. Trinkl, Face to face - close range inspection of head vases,  The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XLII-2/W5, 2017, 601-604 (doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W5-601-2017)  
go!digital  
Principal Investigator C. Lang-Auinger (assoz.) Team Stefan Spelitz Vera Moitinho de Almeida   Duration 01.04.2017 – 31.03.2019 Links go!digital CVA ACDH Online database for research on the development of pottery shapes and filling capacities This ongoing project has been funded by the go!digital programme, Austria, and is connected to the wider CVA (Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum) project. In short, the objectives of ODEEG are to: (1) Digitally document vases in 3D; (2) Ensure long‐term digital preservation of the documentation; (3) Make a variety of data available for researchers via a dedicated online database, referencing to the Beazley Archive Pottery Database (University of Oxford), with a special focus on 3D models and filling capacities. By providing a publicly available, long‐term, online archive, we aim at creating an ideal foundation to gain further knowledge in answering innovative scientific questions dealing with interior and exterior measurements of vessels.    
Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum  
Principal investigator Michael Alram (assoz.) Nikolaus Schindel Coins represent the most important, and also the only continuous source for almost every aspect of the history of Sasanian Iran. Despite several earlier studies, among which those of Robert Göbl deserve special mention, the quantity of Sasanian coins published so far is still relatively small, and the interpretation of this material is still in a quite embryonic stage. Therefore, the Numismatic Commission (now research group Numismatics, division Documenta Antiqua), together with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris (C. N. R. S., Monde Iranien: R. Gyselen) and the Istituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente in Rome (Is. I. A. O.: C. Cereti), in cooperation with P. O. Skjaervø (Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University: paleography of coin legends) and the Institut für Wissenschaften und Technologien in der Kunst, Academy of Applied Arts (M. Schreiner, R. Linke: material analysis) has inaugurated the research project “Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum (SNS)”. Its main aim is to publish all Sasanian coins in the collections of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, and the coin cabinet of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Apart from the mere sylloge, the publication also includes a detailed discussion of all aspects of Sasanian coinage, based on a variety of different sources. The total number of Sasanian coins in the three collections mentioned above amounts to c.12,000 specimens. The material has been divided into several volumes as follows: Vol. I Ardashir I, Shapur I (224-272): M. Alram, R. Gyselen Vol. II Ohrmazd I – Ohrmazd II (272-309): M. Alram, R. Gyselen Vol. III Shapur II – Kawad I/ 2nd Reign (309-531): N. Schindel Vol. IV Khusro I, Ohrmazd IV (531-590): N. Schindel Vol. V/1, V/2 Khusro II, Bahram VI, Wistam (590-628): N. Schindel, C. Cereti Vol. VI Kawad II – Yazdgerd III (628-651); Arab-Sasanian Coinage: R. Gyselen Up to now, volumes I, II, and III have appeared, as well as three additional volumes (SNS Israel, SNS Usbekistan, SNS Schaaf). Recently SNS Iran "A late Sasanian Hoard from Orumiyeh" was published. Volume IV of the main series will be finalized in 2018; work on the two remaining volumes has already begun. Proofs of the success of the series are the awards that volume I has won (Roman and Tania Ghirshman Prize of the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, Paris; Gilljam Prize of the Royal Numismatic Society, London).   
Funerary Monuments from Western civitas Treverorum in an Interregional Context  
Principal Investigator Gabrielle Kremer (head) Team Moises Hernandez Cordero Roland Dreesen Eric Goemaere Sophie Insulander Isabella Kitz Jean Krier (hon.) Sebastian Mühling Christine Ruppert Project partners Université du Luxembourg, Institut d'Histoire (Andrea Binsfeld) Cooperation partners Centre national de la recherche archéologique, Luxembourg (CNRA) Musée national d'histoire et d'art, Luxembourg (MNHA) Musée Archéologique, Arlon Institut archéologique d'Arlon (IAL) Belgian Royal Institute of Natural Sciences (R. Dreesen, E. Goemaere) TU Berlin, Institut für Architektur Project duration 04/2016 - 03/2021 The objective of this bilateral project is the recording and the holistic and interdisciplinary evaluation of Roman period funerary monuments and their components of the western part of the civitas Treverorum (Roman province of Gallia Belgica, i.e. Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and province of Luxembourg in Belgium). To overcome differing national research approaches as well as the geo-political division of the Roman territory, the joint Austrian-Luxembourgian research project cooperates with other international research projects and uses high-quality and diverse source materials for answering specific questions as well as for a cross-cultural and historical evaluation of the area. The investigation focuses on the recording, reconstruction and evaluation of its exceptionally rich stock of funerary monuments. The compiled material provides the basis to study the workshop groups that existed in what was one area in antiquity. As well, the interactions between the metropolis (Augusta Treverorum/Trier) and the remaining territory of the Civitas are examined and the fundamentals of chronology, typology and iconography will be evaluated in a coherent and comprehensive fashion. Issues such as the self-representation of a Treveran elite, mechanisms of assimilation, integration and exclusion in a gallo-roman society of a border region are investigated. Geological analysis is beeing initiated and interpreted in the cultural and historical context.  
Un Dossier fiscal  
Principal investigator Ruey-Lin Chang (assoz.) Download  Bibliography Roman Taxation in the Hermopolite Nome: edition of P.Stras. 902.30-65 and 903 The taxation dossier under investigation is from the Hermopolite nome of Egypt and dated to the first years of Trajan. It comprises three rolls of papyri, reconstructed from 166 remaining fragments, which are housed in the Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire of Strasbourg. They are now known as P. Stras. 901-903 (Chang 2014) and present a total length of c. 1500 cm. P. Stras. 901 containing 38 columns has now been completely published, while only the first 29 of 65 columns of P. Stras. 902 and a sworn declaration at the end of P. Stras. 903 have been edited. The three rolls record the collection of taxes and public rentals set for the third year of Trajan, i.e. 99/100 (Chang 2014, 92-94). In P. Stras. 901 and 902, the taxes and rentals are levied on three neighbouring fiscal districts around three main villages – Sentryphis, Titkôis and Tertonkanô – in the southern part of the nome (Chang 2014, 80-81). P. Stras. 903 seems to concern only Tertonkanô (Chang 2014, 361). P. Stras. 901 and 902 are inter-complementary, for the former deals with taxation in kind booked on the accounts of public granaries, while the latter registers taxation in money entering the public banks. Together the two rolls offer a complete picture of the system of Roman taxation, with chronological (prior to Trajan’s reform)[i] and geographical (a under-researched area in the Hermopolite nome) coherence, as well as the major fiscal components – money and crops, granaries and banks, bases of taxation. While the land constitutes the sole basis of taxation in P. Stras. 901, non-land bases appear also in P. Stras. 902, which presents a distinctive and peculiar textual structure (Chang 2014, 50-53). As in P. Stras. 901, the columns 1-21 of P. Stras. 902 are divided into three chapters according to the aforementioned three fiscal districts, but their entries have two different types. One type is introduced by a physical person, while the other type is presented by names of land or non-land taxes; an entry of the second type is always connected to a preceding entry of the first type. The column 22 of P. Stras. 902 is blank. From column 23 down to column 62 at least, the text is organized in another cycle of three chapters with the same geographical criteria, but each chapter is constituted of two sections: one section on land taxes and the other on non-land taxes (Chang 2014, 51 & n. 70). A hypothesis has been advanced to explain the entire textual structure (Chang 2014, 41-42): the first cycle (col. 1-21) treats metropolitans owning real estate in the villages, while the second one (col. 23-62) deals with the villagers (Chang 2014, 41; P. Stras. 902, 1, 4. n). In fact, capitation taxes, which can only be levied on physical persons residing in the districts, appear merely in the second cycle of P. Stras. 902. The completion of the edition of P. Stras. 902 (Chang 2014, 10-11, 12, 15, 21-23) would verify this hypothesis, which at the same time would explain the relation amongst the three rolls: just as the assumed metropolitan-villager textual division of P. Stras. 902 for money-taxes, P. Stras. 901 and 903 (the whole columns of the latter remain to be edited)[ii] may concern respectively and distinctively two categories of tax-payers – people from villages and residents of the city – for impositions in kind.[iii] Moreover, through the examination of capitation taxes recorded in P. Stras. 902, demographical information could be gathered, which will be enriched by newly deciphered onomastic data (person names). These data shall be combined with those obtained from the edition of P. Stras. 901, the up-coming edition of P. Stras. 903 and from another contemporary long tax roll from Hermopolis housed in Vienna and to be published by Jaakko Frösén and Tiina Purola as CPR XI (solely on taxes in money).[iv] Based on the proposed editorial work, the present investigation aims at the study of taxation and the onomastics at the same time, and adopts a prosopographical approach rather than a quantitative one, in order to understand the relation between the absentee landowners and the villagers, within an intricate network of leasing and subleasing (Chang 2014, 85-91). [i] For this reform deduced from and confirmed by papyrological sources, see Sijpesteijn 1965. [ii] Chang 2014, 11, 12, 16 et 23. For further information, see Chang 2016, 176 & 184. [iii] A preliminary transcription of P. Stras. 903 does not give out any communal agriculture in the rural area as attested in P. Stras. 901 (Chang 2014, 115-17). This may support the hypothesis about the complementarity between P. Stras. 901 on villagers and P. Stras. 903 on metropolitans. [iv] A research framework questioning the tendency of naming people in the Hermopolite nome from the beginning of Hellenistic era down to the high period of the Islamic dominion has recently been set forward in Minnen 2015, 322-320.  
Archaeological Survey at Philadelphia, Fayyum (Egypt)  
Principal investigator Ruey-Lin Chang (assoz.) Download Bibliography Philadelphia was one of a series of urban settlements founded by the first Ptolemies along the new irrigation system in the Fayyum depression. It was administered as a village throughout the Hellenistic and Roman periods, and fell into oblivion by the turn of the 5th century AD.[i] The existence of its urban settlement (Kūm al-Ḫarāba al-Kabīr Ğirza)[ii] was first recovered from the records on numerous Greek papyri, discovered mostly through illegal diggings at the end of the 19th century.[iii] Only once, in 1908/9, did the site undergo organized archaeological exploration, during a German mission led by P. Viereck and Fr. Zucker on behalf of the Berlin Museum. They merely covered the northern part of the southern zone.[iv] A sketch of the urban area was not produced until 1924, by L. Borchardt.[v] It roughly overlaps the aerial photograph taken by the RAF in 1925, on which the urban planning, now mostly fallen into ground-level ruins, can be seen approximately.[vi] Compared to the tremendous papyrological finds, among which the Zenon archives are the most noteworthy ensemble (Schubert 2007, 31‑2; Clarysse, Vandorpe, Verreth 2015, 447-55.), not much is yet known of the material aspect and spatial organisation of Philadelphia. The site is situated at the north-eastern corner of Fayyum, dominating a trade route which linked Fayyum to the Nile Valley at this point. It is separated from the arable land to the west by the modern canal Baḥr Wahbī running S-N at this section. It measures about 1.8 km long and 1.4 km wide. It is bordered by agriculture to the north, by a water station to the north-east, by desert hills to the south-east and by agriculture again to the south. The course of the ancient canal Baḥr Wahdān parallels the Baḥr Wahbī to its east. The site is cut through from west to east by the Ğirza road, and splits into a northern zone and a southern zone. The urban area of the northern zone was limited to the east by a shallow wadi (valley), while the urban area of the southern zone suffers from invasion of modern cemeteries. The necropolis (so-called al-Rubbiyāt) lies to the east of the wadi and the modern cemeteries. A survey project has been initiated at the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology in Cairo, with Ruey-Lin Chang as the principal investigator. The first season – PhF1501 – was carried out from 5 to 16 December 2015, and allowed the definition of 36 sectors of the territory, the first topographical work and magnetic prospection, the first study of the artefacts on the surface (sector 12, early Ptolemaic period), as well as recording of a few structures. Our initial thematics of research are about the urban planning and the location of rubbish dumps where written sources may still be found. The survey has revealed two interesting yet previously neglected features of the site. One is the red-brick structures on the eastern bank of the ancient canal and traces of activities based on the use of fire on the western bank, seen on magnetic plots. The other, identified by topography, is an ancient road which leads from the urban centre down to a limestone quarry inside the desert hills bordering the territory to its south-east, and stretches beyond towards the Nile Valley. One more survey season is now projected for November / December 2017. [i] For a history of the site, see e.g. Bernand 1975, 196-200. [ii] For the polyonymy of the site, see www.trismegistos.org/place/1760;  Viereck 1928, 7 n. 1; Davoli 1997, 65. [iii] The papyri from Philadelphia were released through four phases, between 1892 and 1931; see Schubert 2007, 26-36. [iv] The reports of this excavation can be found in Zucker 1909, 178-83, 185-6; Viereck & Zucker, 1926); Viereck 1928, 3-25. These reports are summarized and criticized in Davoli 1998, 139-42, 145 and Ead. 2012, 157. Before the German mission, the site of Philadelphia was explored by FL. Petrie, B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt; see Davoli 1998, 140, 142-3. [v] This sketch was first published in 1926 in BGU VII, Taf. 1, with a plan of the so-called southern temple (Taf. 2), the layout of a house (Taf. 2), a drawing of the brickwork of the temple (Taf. 3) and a picture of the temple entrance (Taf. 3, also in Zucker 1909, 185-6, Abb. 4). Borchardt’s plan has been reused in several publications, e.g. Bernand 1975, pl. 75; Davoli 1998, 145; Davoli 2012,159; Marouard 2008, 139; Marouard 2016, 136. [vi] This picture, archived at the Kelsey Museum (Ann Arbor), is published in P. Mich. I, pl. 1 [frontispiece], taken up e.g. in Davoli 1998, 146; Monson 2013, 93; Marouard 2016, 138.  
Ancient Music  
Team Laura Gianvittorio-Ungar ​​​​​​​Yasemin Gökpinar Christos Terzis Olga Sutkowska The research group »Ancient Music« dedicates itself to the study of music as a cultural factor that encompassed all areas of life in ancient society and also formed an ubiquitous background of ancient poetry, applying the perspectives of both archeomusicology and music archeology, including the reconstruction of instruments and playing techniques, and developing novel digital methods. Head Stefan Hagel  
Prehistory & West Asian/Northeast African Archaeology  
The research areas of the Department of ›Prehistory & West Asian/Northeast African Archaeology‹ include Quaternary Archaeology, Prehistory, Near Eastern Archaeology and Egyptology. The groups cover an essential cultural area of prehistoric and early historical developments in Europe, North Africa and West Asia. Prehistory is embedded in the world archaeology without geographical borders. The focus of the basic research lies in the time horizon from the Quaternary about 2.6 million years ago to the transformation of societies into historical epochs in the 1st millennium BC. The chronological expertise of the groups covers the periods Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age to Early Iron Age. The archaeology of West Asia and North Africa is linked to the Mediterranean and Europe, which enables large-scale and chronologically broad basic research on human history. Head Barbara Horejs Mario Gavranović (deputy head) oeai-prehist@oeaw.ac.at  
The Red Ochre Project  
This interdisciplinary study deals with the pigments from the burials and settlement layers of the Gravettian site Krems-Wachtberg. The focus is on pigment analysis, investigations into the origin of the colour raw materials as well as conclusions about the preparation and use of the various pigments.  
The Late Urnfield Culture cemetery of Franzhausen-Kokoron  
The evaluation of the burial ground Franzhausen-Kokoron with 403 cremation graves with around 1600 individual objects deals with all essential questions about burial usage, material analysis and the population in the Late Urnfield Culture.  
Human and animal depositions – Sacrificial cult in Stillfried?  
The main focus of this project lies on the pits with animal and human remains, which were discovered in the long-term excavations of the Stillfried site dating from the late Urnfield period. With the help of numerous scientific methods, these special findings with human and animal deposits are evaluated and interpreted.  
Resource curation, power and cult at Stillfried?  
The Stillfried hillfort represents one of the most important archaeological sites in Eastern Austria. A main phase of use dates back to the late Urnfield period (900–750 BC), when the plateau (23 hectares) was fortified by a mighty rampart with a ditch in front. The project is dedicated to the question of whether the central town of Stillfried with its numerous storage pits also served as a supraregional grain storage hub.  
Cremation Bronze Age Burials (CBAB)  
The aim of Cremation Bronze Age Burials (CBAB) is the coordinated assessment of Late Bronze Age cremation burials in the (14th–9th century BC) in Europe based on a common, accessible database.  
Thunau am Kamp – A fortified hilltop settlement of the Urnfield Culture  
Principal Investigator Mario Gavranović Scientific Project Staff Michaela Lochner Dokuplattform Thunau am Kamp The site on the ‘Schanzberg’, a ridge above Thunau, a part of Gars am Kamp, is situated in north-western Lower Austria on the eastern edge of the ‘Waldviertel’ about 80 km northwest of Vienna. The strategically favourable situation at an important north-south route through the valley of the river Kamp was used for the founding of big settlements, especially in the Urnfield Culture (c. 1050 ̶ 800 BC) and the early Middle Ages (AD 8th–11th century). From the excavation results we can suppose that there were further but smaller settlements in the developed Hallstatt and the late La Tène Cultures as well as late Antiquity and Migration periods. An extensive settlement with fortification existed during the late Urnfield Culture (c. 1050 ̶ 800 BC) on a ridge above Thunau, on the so-called ‘Holzwiese’. Based on the topographical situation, the defensive structures and the size of the settlement, it can be assumed that Thunau had a central function for the surrounding region. Due to a natural steep slope towards the east, north and south, the settlement plateau is largely inaccessible and naturally protected. In the west, a fortification on the narrowest part of the ridge shelters it from the rest of the plateau. The rampart leads up from the south-western end of the ‘Holzwiese’, starting directly at the steep edge and curving in a north-western direction. Here its base is nearly 20 m wide and its height is still more than 3 m and its northern course can be followed nearly to the valley. In the western part of the rampart was an entrance to the settlement on the transition to a buttress that connects the settlement with the plateau. A further incision about 2.5 m wide with traces of a path is discernible on the southern end of the fortification. The rampart was constructed from boxes set in a row, consisting of logs erected in blocks, being filled in with earth and covered. Extensive excavations have shown that the whole area spanning 20 hectares had been densely settled. In the area of the south-western rampart, the houses were erected directly at the wall, partly with deep cellars cut into the rock. The houses were erected as post and beam buildings with walls of wattle and daub, partly also as log buildings. Numerous remains of fireplaces, baking ovens, storage pits, weaving looms, storage vessels and other household ceramics were recovered, partly still in their original settings, which provides insights into the households of the Late Bronze Age population. A small cemetery was founded approximately 250 m west of the settlement, which was largely destroyed during the construction of the Slavic ramparts. Three simply furnished cremation graves were still preserved. Another cemetery was situated at the foot of the settlement at the exit of the northern lateral valley to the river Kamp. In 1983, during the construction of a new sewer, a further urn grave was discovered and destroyed. A larger cemetery contemporaneous to the settlement has not yet been found. The Late Bronze Age settlement of Thunau ended with a fire around 800/750 BC and was evidently completely destroyed; the houses were never rebuilt. Current Publications M. Lochner, Zur Ausstattung von Hanghaus 01 der urnenfelderzeitlichen befestigten Höhensiedlung von Thunau am Kamp, Niederösterreich. In: Z Badań nad Kulturą społeczenstw Pradziejowych i Wczesnośredniowiecznych, Księga Jubileuszowa Dedykowana Profesorowi Bogusławowi Gedidze, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences, Wrocław 2013 (2014), 307–319. M. Lochner, Thunau am Kamp – eine befestigte Höhensiedlung der Urnenfelderkultur und der außergewöhnliche Fund eines Tonfässchens. In: W. Blajer (Red.), Peregrinationes Archaeologicae in Asia et Europa Joanni Chochorowski Dedicatae, Instytut Archeologii Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego, Wydawnictwo Profil-Archeo, Kraków 2012, 193–203. I. Hellerschmid, D. Kern, M. Lochner, Oberleiserberg – Stillfried – Thunau. Drei Höhensiedlungen der mitteldonauländischen Urnenfelderkultur im Vergleich. In: B. Gediga, W. Piotroski (Hrsg.), Biskupin-Wrocław 2010. Rola głównych centrów kulturowych w kształtowaniu oblicza kulturowego Europy Środkowej we wczesnych okresach epoki żelaza (Die Rolle der wichtigen Kulturzentren in der Gestaltung des Kulturbildes Mitteleuropas in den frühen Perioden der Eisenzeit), Symposium Biskupin 23.–25.06.2008. Biskupin – Wroclaw 2010, 238–297. Further Publications  
A cemetery of the Early Urnfield Culture from Inzersdorf  
The site Inzersdorf ob der Traisen represents an extensive cremation grave field with a focus in Ha A (1300–1200 BC), yet the occupation continued until Ha B (approx. 1200–900 BC). The study of numerous vessels and bronzes from the urn graves provides an important contribution to the better understanding of the burial customs of Urnfield Culture societies in eastern Austria.  
New insights in Bronze Age metal producing societies: An interdisciplinary study on the social impact of metallurgy and exchange networks  
The research project uses various interdisciplinary methods to investigate the metal circulation in the Bronze Age societies in the western and central Balkans. The focus is on the exploitation of the local copper deposits, especially in Eastern Serbia, and the integration of local groups into the European exchange network for the raw material copper.  
Aspöck Edeltraud  
Mag. EDELTRAUD ASPÖCK, PHD affiliate Biography E. Aspöck graduated from the University of Vienna (2002, Pre- and Protohistory, Classics, Mag. Phil.) and received a PhD at the University of Reading, UK (2009, archaeology, thesis title: »The relativity of normality: an archaeological and anthropological study of deviant burial and different treatment at death«). From 2013–2016, she held a Hertha Firnberg post-doc grant for the project »Mikrotaphonomy and interpretation of reopened graves« (FWF:T595) and led ÖAW activities in the FP7 EU infrastructure project ARIADNE. She was PI of the go!digital project ‘Digitizing Early Farming Cultures’ (2014–2017) and scientific coordinator of the project A Puzzle in 4D: digital preservation and reconstruction of an Egyptian palace (2015–2020). At the Austrian Archaeological Institute she is continuing her research on grave reopening. At the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage she leads ÖAW tasks in the Horizon 2020 project ARIADNEplus and is involved in the COST Action SEADDA (CA 15201, Saving European Archaeology from the Digital Dark Ages), where acts as the Short Term Scientific Missions coordinator. Detailed biography BERUFLICHER WERDEGANG seit 2010 Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien seit 2019 ÖAW Leitung EU H2020 Infrastrukturprojekt ARIADNEplus (Advanced Research Infrastructure for Archaeological Dataset Networking in Europe Plus, H2020-INFRAIA-2018-1-823914), Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities (ACDH). seit 2015 Wissenschaftliche Leitung »A Puzzle in 4D: Digital Preservation and Reconstruction of an Egyptian Palace« (Österreichische Nationalstiftung, DH 2014/12), Institut für Orientalische und Europäische Archäologie (OREA). 2014–2018 Forschungsgruppenleitung Digitale Archäologie, OREA 2014–2017 Projektleitung »Digitizing Early Farming Cultures« (go!digital ACDH 2014/22), OREA. 2013–2017 ÖAW Leitung EU FP7 Projekt ARIADNE (Advanced Research Infrastructure for Archaeological Dataset Networking in Europe, FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-2012-1-313193), OREA. 2013–2016 Hertha Firnberg Post-doc Projekt »Mikrotaphonomie und Interpretation wiedergeöffneter Gräber« (FWF T595G19), OREA 2010–2013 Forschungsassistenz Langzeit-Forschungsprojekt Urnenfelderkultur, Projektleitung Dr. Michaela Lochner (u.a. Vorbereitung der Gräberdatenbank CBAB (Cremation Bronze Age Burials) und Drittmitteleinwerbung), Prähistorische Kommission Prae-doc Stellen: 2005–2009 Department of Archaeology, University of Reading: Forschungsassistenz (Illustrationen, Datenmanagement Silchester, Übersetzungen) 2005–2007 Museum of English Rural Life, University of Reading: ‚Weekend Gallery Assistant‘ (Besucherbetreuung, Führungen, Museumsshop) 2002–2003 Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte, Universität Wien: Forschungsassistenz, PI Prof. Falko Daim (Zeichnen und Katalogisieren römerz. Funde Gräberfeld Halbthurn) 2000–2002 Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Prähistorische Abteilung: Forschungsassistenz, PI PD DDr. Peter Stadler (Zeichnen und Katalogisierung Fundinventare Gräberfeld Brunn am Gebirge (6. Jh. n. Chr.); Mitarbeit beim Aufbau Bilddatenbank Montelius. 1998–2000 Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte, Universität Wien: Forschungsassistenz, PI Prof. Falko Daim (Vorbereitung von Gräberfeldkatalogen)     AUSBILDUNG/AKADEMISCHE LAUFBAHN 2004–2009 Doktoratsstudium (PhD 06/09), Department of Archaeology, University of Reading, GB; Titel der Doktorarbeit: The relativity of normality: an archaeological and anthropological study of deviant burial and different treatment at death. Betreuer: Prof. Bob Chapman, Dr. Heinrich Härke. Prüfer: Prof. Mike Parker-Pearson (extern), Prof. Richard Bradley (intern) 1994–2002 Diplomstudium (Mag. Phil.), Universität Wien, Ur- und Frühgeschichte (Hauptfach) und Klassische Archäologie (mit Auszeichnung), Diplomarbeit: Graböffnungen im Frühmittelalter und das langobardenzeitliche Gräberfeld Brunn am Gebirge, Betreuer: Prof. Falko Daim,  1997: Proseminararbeit (entspricht Bachelorarbeit): Merowingerzeitliche Grabfunde aus Fischlham-Hafeld, Betreuer: Prof. Herwig Friesinger, Dr. Erik Szameit 2000 Teilnahme (ein Trimester) am interdisziplinären Masterkurs »Death and Society« (Archäologie, Geschichte, Soziologie, Sozialanthropologie), University of Reading, GB. 1996–1997 Lehrgang für Vermessungstechnik (Diplom 06/97), Höhere Technische Lehranstalt Leberstraße, 1030 Wien 1991–1994 Studium der Klassischen Archäologie (Hauptfach) und Fächerkombination aus Geschichte und Ur- und Frühgeschichte (Nebenfach), Universität Wien     STIPENDIEN UND AUSZEICHNUNGEN 2013–2016 Hertha Firnberg Post-doc  Stipendium ‚Mikrotaphonomie und Interpretation wiedergeöffneter Gräber‘ FWF (T595G19) 2005–2006 Sir Richard Stapley Educational Trust, GB 2004–2008 Arts and Humanities Research Board Doctoral Award, GB 2000 Stipendium für kurzfristige wissenschaftliche Arbeiten im Ausland, Universität Wien Research Areas Mortuary archaeology: theory, interdisciplinary approaches, taphonomy, microarchaeology Digital Archaeology: data integration, semantic technologies, databases Early Medieval Europe: migration period and early Medieval material culture, grave reopening  
Early Greece  
In the early 1st millennium B.C., new regional identities evolved in the Aegean region, and at the same time a supraregional shared identity was manifested under the self-designation of Hellenes. The transformation of the Bronze Age world of the 2nd millennium B.C. and the cultural heritage of the Mycenaean period, as well as early Iron Age Greece in its regional and supraregional dimension, form the focus of the work of this research group. In this fascinating epoch, the political, economic and social foundations for the specific character of the Greek world of states were created. The research group »Early Greece« is dedicated to the study of the early Greek area with its various cultural identities and their diachronic transformations. The borders between the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, which are based in the artificial separation of the respective research traditions, are consciously transcended. The projects are concerned with the development of settlements and sanctuaries in their specific cultural landscape. The development of new political centres and the increasing significance of sanctuaries in the early Iron Age played a leading role in the emergence of regional and supraregional identities in the early Greek world. Team Walter Gauß Georg Ladstätter Head Birgitta Eder  
Object Itineraries  
David Schwarcz Bettina Schwarz Barbara Umfahrer Walter Prochaska Andrea Pülz Laura Rembart Alexandra Rodler Team Petya Andreeva Vasiliki Anevlavi Benjamin Frerix Horacio González Cesteros Head Pamela Fragnoli Alice Waldner  
Environment and Human Impact in Historical Societies  
The research group »Environment and Human Impact in Historical Societies« is concerned with the complex relation of humans to their environment in historical societies, which are characterised by anthropologically altered ecosystems. A central focus is, on the one hand, the issue of how human actions deform the environment and have contributed to lasting transformations; while on the other hand the question is addressed of how human societies have adapted their strategies in managing changing environmental conditions. The themes extend from patterns of land usage and agrarian systems, commerce with foodstuffs and diverse strategies of provisioning, up to the impact analysis of migration, martial devastations, yet also massive human interventions into the natural environment, for example via settlement or monumental building projects. Team Alfred Galik Thorsten Jakobitsch Magdalena Srienc Silvia Wiesinger Head Andreas G. Heiss  
Tell el-Dabʿa: Chronological evaluation of ceramic typologies from Ezbet Helmi, Area H/VI  
Principal investigator David Aston The main objective of this work is to create a new, well-grounded ceramic chronology for the period from the changeover of the late Hyksos period to the early New Kingdom. To achieve this goal, the extensive ceramic material from area H/VI at Ezbet Helmi/Tell el-Dabʿa was analysed. The material was reviewed and classified; more than 200,000 diagnostic sherds were analysed. The period covered extends from Phase D/3, which can probably be equated to the reign of Khyan, and continues until the reign of Horemheb. As such, this study will provide the only ceramic evaluation that shows how the typically northern Hyksos style pottery was eventually absorbed, and replaced by, the southern Egyptian style during the course of the Eighteenth Dynasty.  
Challenging Time(s): A New Approach to Written Sources for Ancient Egyptian Chronology  
Principal investigator Roman Gundacker Team Charlotte Dietrich Johannes Jüngling Julian Posch Annik Wüthrich Hermine Huber (Projektmanagerin) Cooperations Chicago Demotic Dictionary, Oriental Institute, Chicago Forschungsvorhaben Strukturen und Transformationen des Wortschatzes der ägyptischen Sprache: Text- und Wissenskultur im alten Ägypten, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften und Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften Institut für Ägyptologie der Universität Wien Duration 03/2018 – 01/2023 Funding ERC Starting Grant, GA № 757951 The historical chronology of ancient Egypt constitutes the backbone of the history of the ancient Orient. One of the most important sources for this are texts, contemporary inscriptions such as lists of kings of the Egyptian and Greek tradition. By means of a detailed philological and contextual evaluation, new information of extensive significance can be gleaned from these presumably exhausted texts. The history of events and the historical chronology of ancient Egypt rest on three pillars: written testimonials, archaeological evidence, and scientific data. Since the beginning of modern Egyptology in the early 19th century, precisely the written sources were assigned an important role for the determination of lengths of reigns and sequence of rulers. At the same time, numerous readings, interpretations and theories languish in decades-long torpidity, without having been examined or adjusted in the light of recent new finds, information and methodological advances. The systematic processing and examination of the written material for the historical chronology of ancient Egypt is therefore a desideratum to which this project is dedicated. Contemporaneous Inscriptions: Text and Context Contemporary written testimonials that serve to elucidate Egyptian history of events and chronology exist since the end of the 4th millennium B.C. These texts require, however, not only a constant re-reading in order to take into account advances in the areas of grammar and lexis, but they also constitute only one part of a larger conglomerate of texts in a complex material and cultural environment. The correlation of the texts with their contexts, as well as their evaluation by posing questions that go beyond purely textual-philological dimensions, is therefore imperative and at the same time highly promising.  Lists of Kings: Philology and Linguistics The Egyptians themselves maintained chronicles about their rulers and their history, as is demonstrated by, amongst others, the fragments of the annals of the Old Kingdom (3rd millennium B.C.) and Amenemhet II (19th cent. B.C.) as well as the scraps of the Royal Canon of Turin (13th cent. B.C.). The list of kings compiled by Manetho in ca. 280 B.C. in Greek for the Ptolemaic pharaohs can be viewed as the last gasp of this tradition. His division of the Egyptian pharaohs into 30 or 31 dynasties is still customary today, yet as before there still exists no systematic philological treatment. A central objective is the linguistic correlation of the Greek forms of the names with their hieroglyphic equivalents, which until now has followed primarily superficial similarities. Alternative Approaches: Prosopography and Genealogy Beyond the chronologies oriented to the reigns of pharaohs, sequences of high officials and genealogies allow chronological models to be verified and, particularly in the intermediate periods, to estimate intervals of time and to place pharaohs in sequential order. The reconstruction of genealogies and series of officials therefore constitutes a simple resource, one which can be well extrapolated from written sources but which until now has hardly been appreciated, for the development and verification of the Egyptian chronology.  
Living Nubia: New Perspectives on Nubian Settlements  
We know a lot about what ancient Nubian people did with their dead, but how much do we know about their lives? The ›Living Nubia‹ project sets out to bring us closer to understanding where and how ancient Nubian communities lived, and how their social structures and identities might have become manifest in the living environments that they built for themselves.  
Beautiful Kush: Cosmetic substances and utensils in Egyptian New Kingdom Nubia  
Within this project the use of cosmetic utensils and substances during the New Kingdom in Nubia will be compared with their use in Egypt. The goal of the project is to investigate how much did the body care in Nubia change after the Egyptian conquest.  
Archaeologia Austriaca  
Guidelines de / en For Book Reviews Contact archa@oeaw.ac.at Weblinks Website Archaeologia Austriaca OJS Archaeologia Austriaca  Facebook Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften ›Archaeologia Austriaca‹ is a peer-reviewed international journal and focuses on the entire field of European prehistory and early history. The journal covers all periods from the Palaeolithic to modern times, which are subject to archaeological, anthropological and interdisciplinary investigations, including those involving the natural sciences. ›Archaeologia Austriaca‹ was founded in 1948 as a successor of the Wiener Prähistorische Zeitschrift (1914–1943), covering paleoanthropology, prehistory and the early history of Austria. In the course of the launch of the OREA Institute in 2013 and starting with Volume 97–98/2013–2014, the journal’s geographic and cultural emphasis was further expanded beyond Austria. ›Archaeologia Austriaca‹ is jointly edited by the Depatment of Prehisotry & WANA Archaeology and the Department of Prehistoric and Historical Archaeology of the University Vienna. It is issued in print and online (open access) on an annual basis and includes articles, reports, special sections and book reviews on the archaeology of Austria, Europe and related areas. Publication languages are predominantly German and English. All papers are available open access. In addition, the journal offers the possibility to publish articles "online first" well before print publication. ›Archaeologia Austriaca‹ is indexed by Crossref ERIHPLUS ESCI (Emerging Sources Citation Index, Thomson Reuters Web of Science) JSTOR Portico Scopus Scimago  
Diachronic Research into Fishing Traditions and Population Dynamics of Fish  
Hadersdorf: Latrine Head of the project Alfred Galik Duration 2020–2021 Sponsoring OeAI Universität Wien, VIAS Cooperations Universität Wien, VIAS Hornstaad-Hörnle 1A: late Neolithic fishery Head of the project Alfred Galik Duration 2016–2021 Sponsoring OeAI Landesamt für Denkmalpflege im Regierungspräsidium Stuttgart Cooperations Landesamt für Denkmalpflege im Regierungspräsidium Stuttgart Mooswinkel am Mondsee: fish remains Head of the project Alfred Galik Cooperations Universität Wien, VIAS Kuratorium Pfahlbauten (overall direction) OÖ Landesmuseum (overall direction) Duration 2020–2021 Sponsoring OeAI Kuratorium Pfahlbauten OÖ Landesmuseum Universität Wien, VIAS Fish and fishing are foodstuff and an activity that humans have consumed and performed since time immemorial. In diachronic studies, technical developments of fishing in the sea as well as in fresh water can be understood and reconstructed. The preference of certain  consumer groups for specific fish will equally be elucidated, as will developments in fish farming and fish breeding. Hadersdorf am Kamp: the fish remains from the modern in-filling of a latrine During renovations of the council house of the market town of Hadersdorf-Kammern (Lower Austria) an old well was brought to light in 1991. Before its infilling, the shaft was most recently used as a latrine up until the 17th century. Corresponding to the particular find circumstances in a latrine are the finds which, on the one hand brought to light in the course of excavations, and on the other hand obtained from numerous sediment samples, can be described as very well preserved. The particularly favourable circumstances of preservation and the partially direct insertion make latrines a very special repository, also for fish remains. At all events, fish were an important foodstuff in the Mediaeval and modern periods, not only due to the strict rules for the period of fasting. The latrines, often full of digested and undigested fish remains, provide evidence for the entire spectrum of fish types in the diet. In addition to the fishing in natural waters, fish farming played an important role; at that time the most important fish was, as today, the carp. As ecological indicators, fish can also provide evidence, whether they were caught in fast-running waters, such as the common barbel, or in standing waters, such as the common roach. Small bones which can be preserved in latrines provide evidence of an intense usage of very small and also very young fish, often less than 10 cm in size. The intensive fish farming activity and the fishing of such small fish may be an expression of an at least temporary very high demand for fish. Accompanying both of these strategies of provision, preserved marine fish were imported in large quantities and purchased for the household. Although remains of stockfish could not be identified in this latrine, bone remains of salted herring are present in the finds in large numbers. Hornstaad-Hörnle 1A at the Bodensee: late Neolithic fishery in the lakeshore settlement The settlement on the south-west shore of the lower lake is evidence of one of the oldest late Neolithic settlement phases at the Bodensee in south-west Germany; here, fish were an important source of nourishment. The processing of the fishbones is carried out in the course of cooperation with E. Stephan (State Office for Monument Preservation in the Regional Authority of Stuttgart). To date, a total of more than 10,200 fishbones with a weight of ca. 0.5 kg could be processed. A high proportion of the fishbones is charred and strongly fragmented, and could therefore not be more precisely identified. Nevertheless, the distribution of the caught and consumed fish is thoroughly species-rich. The ensemble of finds is clearly dominated by pike, whereas the other types of fish are present only in smaller find density. The second most common group are the types of carp, whereby the small bone remains were mostly not precisely determined; common barbel, common rudd and the bones of a tench could, however, be identified. In addition to the numerous perch, only one single bone of a pikeperch was found. Due to the lack of certainty in identification based on the fragmentary and mostly badly burned state of preservation of the vertebra, whitefish and trout could not be determined; the more complete bones ought, however, to originate rather from whitefish than from trout. Finally, fishing of wels catfish can occasionally be proven.  
Prehistoric Anatolia: From Sedentism to Protourban Societies in Western Anatolia  
This project focuses on the first permanent settlements in Neolithic and the development to proto-urban centres in Early Bronze Age period. Combining both research topics enable a broad spectrum of cultural modelling, based upon multidisciplinary, diachronic, and comparative studies concerning changing societies in a changing environment from the 7th to the 3rd millennium BC. Focus of this project are the analyses of our own excavations at Çukuriçi Höyük and of associated geoarchaeological surveys as well as related material studies.  
Tell el-Dabʿa: Ceramic Deposition L81 – documentation and evaluation  
Principal investigator David Aston This huge rubbish dump, found in a palace belonging to the Hyksos Khyan in area F/II at Tell el-Dabʿa, contained a large amount of material, including, but not restricted to, the remains of ritual meals or banquets that were buried in large pits after the meal. Banquets of this kind were held on the birthdays of gods or kings or for funerals. In the present case, the remnants of the banquet were found in a specially built palace courtyard, which was separated from the surroundings by large filling walls. The pit system (L81) was explored in three seasons between 2006 and 2008; it contained hundreds of thousands of sherds as well as a number of other finds not related to ritual meals. The recording of both the ceramic finds and the objects made from other materials (flint, faience, stone, metal, etc.) has now been completed. More than 35,000 diagnostic ceramic fragments (rims, bases, handles, decorated pieces) and almost 2,000 reconstructable vessels were recorded and analysed. Whilst most of these were locally made, and thus will provide a practically complete picture of the complete Hyksos pottery repertoire, many imported vessels were also discovered. These come from the north east (Cyprus), the east (The Levant), the south (Upper Egypt) and the far south (Nubia), whilst the origin of a small number of handmade sherds still awaits identification. Amongst the Egyptian imports are a small number of Marl C fish dishes, many of which bear highly interesting artistic representations of hunting, aquatic scenes and the like. Of particular interest are also a number of fine decorated ‘dinner services’ of evident Levantine manufacture. A small number of rhyta in the form of hippos, ducks and naked female figures, are noteworthy. So far, a number of preliminary reports have been published.  
Aswan: Pottery of the Middle Kingdom  
The Swiss Institute for Egyptian Building Research and History has been carrying out the pioneering project »urban archeology in Aswan« since 2000 in cooperation with the Egyptian ministry of antiquities. The work has demonstrated that Aswan was already an important site in the Middle Kingdom. The analysis of the pottery confirms a permanent occupation of this site during the late Middle Kingdom.  
Abydos: the Tomb of Hor-Den  
Principal investigator Vera Müller Cooperations E. Christiana Köhler (University of Vienna) Stephan H. Seidlmayer (DAI Kairo, Egypt) Albert Zink (Institut für Mumienforschung Bozen, Italy) Joris Peters (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany) Beatrix Midant-Reynes, François Briois (Université de Toulouse, France) Jana Jones (Sydney, Australia) With a floor space of c. 135 m² and a depth of over 6 m, the grave chamber of King Hor-Den (c. 2950 BC) is the largest known from the 1st Dynasty. Additional features include the annex – a ritual area in the south-western corner –, two large storage magazines on the south side and 133 subsidiary chambers, which enclose the main grave chamber on all four sides in rows of one to three. The grave had already been repeatedly examined over 100 years ago, before follow-up excavations were undertaken by the German Archaeological Institute in Cairo (DAI Cairo) under the overall direction of Günter Dreyer between 1985 and 2002. In 1993, the analysis and publication of the grave inventory was entrusted to Vera Müller. All the tombs are heavily looted and burnt, so that the remaining grave inventory is often scattered around the burial complex in all directions and highly fragmented. Nevertheless, the re-excavation has revealed an incredible amount of archaeological material, especially by screening the soil of surrounding spoil heaps. The discoveries range from previously unknown objects to variants of the already known and even to fragments that can be fitted exactly to antiquarian objects held in various museums. Since the existing publications often only provide a glimpse of the appearance of the salvaged objects and do not show them in their entirety but only in selection, the re-examination of this cemetery will lay a new foundation for materials of this time horizon. About 800 jugs of wine along with other vessel forms can be calculated for the two magazines alone based on vessel imprints; a similar amount was deposited in the King's Chamber. Many further vessel forms can be added. The 133 subsidiary chambers for individual burials also housed grave goods (after comparisons with contemporary graves of the elite, about 5–10 vessels per chamber). According to rough estimates, approximately 3,000 ceramic vessels were deposited in the grave system. Furthermore, about 2,000 stone vessels were found (dissertation topic of Robert Kuhn, University of Bonn/SPMK Berlin) as well as several thousand fragments of furniture made of wood and ivory (beds, chairs, boxes), jewellery, games, tools and weapons. A special feature of this tomb is the large number of fancy vessels, i.e. stone vessels of unusual shapes (imitations of baskets, grape leaves, fig leaves, etc.) and imports from Syria-Palestine. Many containers were further provided with sealed stoppers, which give insights into the management of elite grave inventories.  
Abydos: ritual objects for Osiris at the eastern outskirt of the Royal Tomb of Hor-Den  
Principal investigator Vera Müller Cooperations E. Christiana Köhler (University of Vienna) Stephan H. Seidlmayer (DAI Kairo, Egypt) Joris Peters (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany) Beatrix Midant-Reynes, François Briois (Université de Toulouse, France) Numerous findings from the extensive sacrifices to Osiris, the god of the afterlife, death, life and resurrection, were encountered in situ east of the tomb of King Hor-Den (5th king of the 1st Dynasty, c. 2950 BC). The cult of Osiris can be traced through archaeological finds over at least two millennia in the oldest royal cemetery of Egypt, Umm el-Qaab/Abydos. The area of the eastern fringe was excavated as part of a re-examination by the German Archaeological Institute Cairo (DAI Cairo) under the direction of Günter Dreyer between 1998 and 2002. This, however, represents only a limited part of the relics of the Osiris cult in Umm el-Qaab salvaged by the DAI Cairo between 1977 and 2013, which are analysed in the framework of Research Cluster 4 of the DAI by Ute and Andreas Effland and Julia Budka. The depositions can be divided into two groups. One group are carefully arranged materials dating to the reign of King Djer (2nd king of the 1st Dynasty, c. 2980 BC), which do not differ from the inventory deposited inside the tomb. They are, however, arranged in sometimes curious combinations without any functional relation. They consist mainly of ceramic vessels with associated sealed stoppers of Nile mud and various small finds such as arrowheads and attached labels of bone, but also furniture legs of ivory and game pieces of coloured rock, which have been carefully arranged on the surface east of the tomb of Hor-Den. They have either been placed here as part of special burial rites with the effect that this area was not used afterwards or the objects have been regarded as sacrosanct being former grave goods that were sacrificed in a secondary ritual. In the latter case these objects would have been deposited in the beginning of the Middle Kingdom at latest (beginning of the second millennium BC) after the tomb was interpreted as the burial place of the god Osiris and used as a cult place for mystery celebrations. During the 25th Dynasty (8th to mid-7th century BC), on the other hand, causeways were created whose boundaries were lined with bottles closely set next to each other. These form the second group. In the following centuries, these areas were covered extensively with small bowls (Arabic Qaab, eponymous for the site of Umm el-Qaab), most of which were deposited lying upside-down. In addition, two vessels with burial material were found in a pit in the middle of this procession route, which led from the South Hill (on the axis to the temple of Seti I and south of the royal necropolis) to the grave of Djer. They contained resin-impregnated mummy bandages, three intentionally broken vessels, about 6 kg of lapis lazuli inlays and about 500 grams of sheet gold strips (»Goldschatz«). The inlays and the gold strips most likely covered a coffin either representing the god Osiris himself or belonging to a member of the elite.  
Centre or Periphery? The cemetery of Turah in the creative tension of state formation at the end of the 4th and the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC in Egypt  
Principal investigator Vera Müller Team Nicola Math Karl Burkhart Julian Posch Cooperations Regina Hölzl (Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien) Johannes H. Sterba (Atominstitut Wien) Mary F. Ownby (University of Arizona, USA) Martin Odler (Charles University Prag, Tschechien) Jiří Kmošek (Charles University, Tschechien / Universität für Angewandte Kunst Wien) Andrea Stadlmayr & Maria Marschler (Naturhisorisches Museum Wien) Albert Zink (Institut für Mumienforschung Bozen, Italien) Michael Brandl (OeAI) Alfred Galik (OeAI and University of Vienna) Martin Zuschin (University of Vienna) Martina Trognitz (ACDH_CH, OeAW) E. Christiana Köhler (Institut für Ägyptologie, Universität Wien) Karl Peitler & Barbara Porod (Joanneum Graz) Jacek Górski, Christopher Babraj (Archäologisches Museum Krakau, Polen) Friederike Seyfried (Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung Berlin, Deutschland) Regine Schulz (Roemer- und Pelizäus-Museum Hildesheim, Deutschland) Dietrich Raue (Ägyptisches Museum Georg Steindorff Leipzig, Deutschland) Funding FWF [Project P 31551] Our knowledge of the Egyptian culture is based to an extraordinary degree on the provisions, architecture and décors of tombs. On the one hand this is due to the exceptional conditions of the Egyptian climate that allows for the very good preservation of burial goods, and on the other hand the ancient Egyptian understanding of the hereafter lead to abundant cemeteries located in the desert preventing their over-building by settlements as well as their opulent equipment with burial goods. Due to the sheer abundance of excavated objects in Egypt, it is more the exception than the rule that all discovered tombs were fully excavated and that each one was comprehensively published. One of these exceptions is the cemetery of Turah, located in Maadi, a suburb south of modern Cairo, and excavated in 1910 by Hermann Junker who produced a formidable publication in 1912. Even more exceptional is the fact that nearly all of the objects were brought to Vienna and only a small part was distributed to other collections in Europe. This allows for easy access and a restudy of the objects on the basis of modern methods and research questions. Mainly based on group photographs and a few drawings, the existing publication makes comparisons with objects from other sites dating to the end of the 4th and the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC rather unsatisfactorily. It is also rather complex to get an idea of the tomb provisions and their chronological development on the basis of the tomb list. By default, each tomb will be illustrated with its respective content in drawings, photographs and detailed descriptions. As a new approach, all data will be presented in an online database and the results will be published in a printed book. Only rarely used yet, the objects will be analysed with modern scientific methods, such as petrography and neutron-activation-analysis providing information on the origin of diverse pottery vessels or lead-isotopic analysis for metal objects. These analyses will give answers to questions such as ‘Were the tombs of this cemetery provided with local goods or have products been acquired from other parts of Egypt?’, ‘Do the tombs differ from other tombs of the same period or was there a homogenous group of burial goods all over the country?’ or ‘What can we tell about the religious conception of the buried? Are there differences between the tombs based on religion or the social status of the buried?’ And finally: ‘What was the role of this site in state formation?’  
Tell el-Dabʿa: sacrificial pit of Ezbet Rushdi  
Principal investigator Vera Müller Cooperations Irene Forstner-Müller (OeAI) Manfred Bietak (OeAI) Joris Peters (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany) An offering pit with significantly younger content than the rest of the findings in this area was discovered by Manfred Bietak and Josef Dorner during excavations by the Austrian Archaeological Institute at Ezbet Rushdi in 1996. It cuts the reinforced entrance wall of the temple of Ezbet Rushdi built in the second half of the 12th Dynasty (19th century BC). The surrounding area is completely destroyed by modern agricultural activities, so that the original context of this pit can no longer be reconstructed. The offering pit contained pottery vessels as well as the skeletons of two donkeys that were placed over four sheep. The osteological analyses were carried out shortly after the discovery by Angela von den Driesch† (Institute of Palaeoanatomy and History of Veterinary Medicine, Munich). This type of deposition is known to occur occasionally in the context of graves at Tell el-Daba from as early as the late 12th Dynasty (late 19th century BC) and certainly originates in the Near East. Animal burials in the context of graves, however, contain significantly less pottery depositions than found in this pit. Of particular interest is the young date of the pit content, which testifies to the continuation of ritual practices into the New Kingdom at this urban site.  
Tell el-Dabʿa: Archaeological remains of temple rituals in the sacred district A/II and their cultural-historical assignment  
Principal investigator Vera Müller Cooperations Irene Forstner-Müller (OeAI) Manfred Bietak (OeAI) Joris Peters (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany) A sacred district of the Second Intermediate Period (late 18th to mid-16th century BC) was discovered in Area A/II at the beginning of the Austrian Archaeological Institute excavations at Tell el-Dabʿa/Avaris under the direction of Manfred Bietak from 1966. It comprises two Syrian-Palestinian temples, two Egyptian temples and a house for ritual meals (for their architecture see Manfred Bietak’s projects). The temples thus reflect a typical mixed population, with their respective religious practices, at Tell el-Dabʿa/Avaris, the capital of the Hyksos. The analysis of the sacrificial pits in the forecourts of the temples (Vera Müller’s dissertation published in 2008) revealed cult activities that continued into the early New Kingdom (second half of the 15th century BC). They demonstrate that even after the conquest of Avaris by the Upper Egyptian Thebes, old Levantine cult practices continued at this place. The Egyptian temples are always connected to a cemetery, which most probably associates them to the cult of the dead. The Syrian-Palestinian temples in contrast seem to have been mainly reserved for the worship of the gods. Only the walls of the Egyptian Temple I were preserved high enough so that the former temple inventory was encountered in the form of ceramic vessels. This area was covered in an extensive publication (Tell el-Dabʿa V) by Manfred Bietak in 1991. The other temples could only be documented in part through their foundation walls, so nothing more can be said about their former inventory. The forecourts of the temples, however, revealed built altars and extensive layers containing pottery and animal bones that allow insights into the ritual practices and cults.  
Athens  
The branch office of the OeAI in Athens, founded in 1898, investigates the cultural heritage of Greece and the Aegean, that has become defining for Europe and the world in many respects. The branch office constitutes a central point of intersection between Greece and Austria, since it represents and communicates Austrian research in Greece, and vice versa. The institute building was constructed according to plans by the architect Ernst Ziller, on a plot of land donated by the Greek state for this purpose on Leoforos Alexandras street near the Greek National Museum; it opened in 1908. Today, in addition to offices, it houses an apartment for guests and fellows of the Institute, as well as a professional library which is open to colleagues for study purposes. The areas of responsibility of the OeAI Athens include research and excavation activities, as well as specialised and administrative support of Austrian scholars and students during their research in Greece. It advocates on behalf of Austrian applications for field research (excavations, surveys, geophysical surveys), authorisations for study, material inspections, analysis of material samples, as well as permissions for guiding (for excursions) at the Greek Ministry of Culture and Sport. In preparing applications to the Greek antiquities authority, the OeAI ensures that guidelines for the right to apply are followed. The ATHENS-Fellowship of the OeAW offers qualified scholars from all areas of antiquity and archaeology the possibility for a research residency at the Athens branch office, in order to take advantage of the ideal research infrastructure not only at the OeAI but also at the many other foreign Institutes in Athens. In addition, the OeAI Athens branch regularly organises events such as professional conferences and lecture series, attended by international and national specialists. These offer the ATHENS fellowship scholars, amongst others, a forum for the presentation of their research projects. The main themes of the lecture series are influenced by the work and projects of the OeAI. Every two years the OeAI Athens carries out a Summer School that takes place with the participation of university lecturers from Austrian universities and research establishments. The calls for proposals, on a specific theme, are directed towards small groups of motivated junior scholars (doctoral students and post-docs) from all Austrian universities in the disciplines of prehistory, early history, classical archaeology, architecture (building history), ancient history and classical studies, epigraphy, numismatics, classical philology and Byzantine studies. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the next Summer School is planned for 2022. The new publication series, »Arete. Publications of the OeAI in Athens« is designed to disseminate research projects on Greek themes, extending from antiquity up until the Byzantine era. In particular, this journal publishes research and excavation projects carried out at the branch institute, as well as events and conferences. Head Birgitta Eder Team Christoph Baier Walter Gauß (head of the excavation Aigeira) Federica Iannone Georg Ladstätter (head of the excavation Lousoi) Sabine Kabourelis-Steiner (Secretary)   Contact Leoforos Alexandras 26 106 83 Athens, Greece T (+30 210) 8213708-111 oeai-athen@oeaw.ac.at  
Egypt’s Relationships with the Near East in the 4th and 3rd Millennia BC  
At the end of the 4th millennium BC, the first urban centres emerged in the Southern Levant, while at the same time the Egyptian state developed in the Nile Valley. The following period (Early Bronze Age or Old Kingdom) was characterised by close trade relations between the two regions until the first cities of the Southern Levant were abandoned again at the end of the Early Bronze Age III. This period is critically examined on the basis of new radiocarbon dates.  
Tracing Transformations in the Southern Levant: From Collapse to Consolidation in the Mid-second Millennium BC  
›Tracing transformations‹ explores the history and archaeology of the late Middle and early Late Bronze Age in the southern Levant. This period saw the demise of the Middle Bronze Age city-states, the end of the Hyksos Empire in Egypt, and the rising interest and involvement of the Pharaohs in the Levant, culminating in the military campaigns of the Thutmosid period and leading eventually to the ›International Age‹ of the Late Bronze Age Amarna period.  
Mediaeval Latin Dictionary  
Projektleitung Helena Leithe-Jasper At the beginning of 2012, the employee department at the Munich commission for the publication of a Mediaeval Latin Dictionary (Mittellateinischen Wörterbuches: MLW) at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences with the Commission for Ancient Literature and Latin Traditions, was transferred to the Institute for the Cultural History of Antiquity. The ‘Mediaeval Latin Dictionary up until the late 13th century’ belongs to a pan-European joint project with the goal of making comprehensively accessible the Latin language of the Middle Ages from a lexicographical perspective. These dictionary projects, under the auspices of the Union Académique Internationale, independently of one another carry out fundamental research of the highest quality for the international scientific community of experts. The Mediaeval dictionary, belonging to the largest of these projects, represents the German-speaking areas (Germany, Switzerland, Austria). The object of the project is the Latin literature that arose within the timeframe from the 6th century up until 1280 in German-speaking regions; in addition, it deals with important texts of this epoch which are concerned with German history in a broader sense. Beyond the actual geographic borders of the dictionary, specialised literary texts from other regions have also been recorded. The focal point of the Mediaeval Latin dictionary lies in the area of semantics. In order to compile the item, the material concerning the individual lemmata are reviewed and organised according to their meanings. The results of this examination of the words are represented in a dictionary article in a concise and lucid manner, and provided with textual quotations. The material basis is a selected corpus of ca. 4000 texts that are representative for the different centuries and types of texts and are particularly linguistically rich. Publication of the last conference, “Technical Language(s) in the Middle Ages” (2012) Proceedings of the fifth international Mediaeval Latin lexicographic conference, Munich, 12-15 September 2012, “Fachsprache(n) im mittelalterlichen Latein / Technical Language(s) in the Middle Ages / Langage(s) technique(s) au moyen âge latin, in: ALMA (Archivum Latinitatis Medii Aevi) 71 (2013).  
Tell el-Dabʿa: The settlement of the late Middle Kingdom in Area A/II  
Ein besseres Verständnis der Lebensumstände von Menschen im alten Ägypten des späten Mittleren Reiches (ca. 1800–1700 v. Chr) ist das Ziel dieses Projekts. Während über das Reich der Toten relativ viele Fakten bekannt sind, bleiben viele Lebensumstände unerforscht.  
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Gemeinsam stärker: ÖAW bündelt archäologische Spitzenforschung in einem Institut  
As of this year, the Austrian Archaeological Institute has united the three previous OeAW institutes in the field of archaeology and ancient studies under one roof. The basic research carried out at the Academy in this area, extending from the Stone Age to the modern era, is thus combined into an innovative and internationally visible knowledge hub.  
Nadia El-Shohoumi verstorben  
In tiefer Trauer müssen wir den Tod von Dr. Nadia El-Shohoumi bekanntgeben. Sie verstarb im Februar 2021 an den Folgen einer schweren Krankheit in Granada. Ihr plötzlicher Tod lässt uns tief erschüttert zurück. Nadia El Shohoumi wurde am 18.8.1963 in Wien geboren und promovierte 1996 nach Ihrem Studium der Orientalistik, Kultur- und Sozialanthropologie sowie Ägyptologie in Wien mit einer vielbeachteten interdisziplinären Arbeit mit dem Titel „Der Tod im Leben, eine vergleichende Analyse altägyptischer und rezenter ägyptischer Totenbräuche – eine phänomenologische Studie“, die im Jahr 2004 in der Reihe „Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie, Band“ als Band 27 erschien. Ihre erfolgreiche Zusammenarbeit mit dem Deutschen Archäologischen Institut am Fatimidenfriedhof in Aswan sei hier ebenso erwähnt wie Ihr Engagement im Rahmen des  Projektes „Euromed Heritage II. Mediterranean Voices: Oral History and Cultural Practice in the Mediterranean“ als Research Fellow an der Universität Granada. Wesentliche Beiträge leistete Sie ebenfalls zum EU finanzierten transnationalen Forschungsprojekt “Multilevel Discrimination Against Muslim Women in Europe”, das Sie in Zusammenarbeit mit dem LdEI (Laboratorio de Estudios Interculturales) der Universität Granada durchführte. Mit dem ÖAI war Nadia El-Shohoumi durch ein Forschungsprojekt in Oberägypten eng verbunden, das in den Jahren 2012-2014 durchgeführt wurde und im Rahmen dessen sie sozialanthropologische Feldstudien mit den Bewohnern nubischer Dörfern rund um Aswan durchführte, deren Familien Ihre ursprünglichen Dörfer auf Grund des steigenden Wasserstandes des Nils durch die Errichtung von Staudämmen südlich von Aswan Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts, verlassen mussten. Ihre Analyse ergänzte und vertiefte die bauforscherische und archäologische Dokumentation zweier verlassener und halb zerstörter Dörfer in bemerkenswerter Art und Weise. Ihre Studienergenbnisse sind im Band 57 der ÖAI Sonderschriften mit dem Titel „Die altnubischen Dörfer Bāb und Al-Ğūwānī. Zeugen einer versunkenen Kultur“ im Jahr 2019 veröffentlicht. Wir betrauern den Verlust einer hoch geschätzten und herausragenden Wissenschaftlerin und Kollegin, die wir als lebenslustige und mutige Freundin und ganz besonderen Menschen schmerzlich vermissen. Unsere ganze Anteilnahme gilt ihren beiden Söhnen und ihrer Familie.  
Archive OeAI (2008–2020)  
2019 Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2019 2018 Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2018 2017 Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2017 2016 Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2016 2015 Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2015 2014  Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2014 2013  Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2013 2012  Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2012 2011  Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2011 2010  Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2010 2009  Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2009 2008  Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts 2008  
Public Funding  
Contact   Sabine Ladstätter T (+43 1) 51581-4010 sabine.ladstaetter@oeaw.ac.at The core funding of the OeAI is covered by the Austrian Academy of Sciences. In addition, numerous projects are financed through external funds from public research funding institutions, such as the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), the Anniversary Fund of the OeNB, the Austrian Research Community (OeFG), the European Research Council (ERC), and the Innovationsfonds. Also, the provinces of Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, and Vienna as well as the Federal Monuments Office fund projects of the OeAI. Furthermore, international cooperation partners carry out independent research projects on excavations under the permit of the OeAI that are externally financed (e.g. German Research Foundation - DFG).  
Sponsorship  
Contact Sabine Ladstätter T (+43 1) 51581-4010 sabine.ladstaetter@oeaw.ac.at The OeAI is committed to financing a large proportion of its research through external funds. In addition to contributions from public research funding institutions we also strive for financial contributions from foundations and industry. Our sponsor projects cover a wide range of topics within the field of archaeology: from excavations to restoration to the scientific analysis of finds. They are largely conducted in Austria and its neighboring countries, in Greece, Turkey, Western Asia and Northeast Africa. We are thankful for support in the form of financial contributions as well as material resources, services, or also know-how from entrepreneurs. If you are interested in one of our projects please contact: Sabine Ladstätter. Examples of successful sponsor projects: Restoration of the wall paintings in SR 19/20 in the Terrace House 2, Ephesos Restoration of the Temple of Hadrian, Ephesos Safety shoes for excavation employees (Christof Group) Publication grant (Memorial Foundation Peter Kaiser)  
Donations  
Contact   Sabine Ladstätter T (+43 1) 51581-4010 sabine.ladstaetter@oeaw.ac.at The OeAI is thankful for every donation that supports its research. We view the donations as a sign of the significance of our work in the public and warmly thank all donors! Please direct your donation to the OeAI to:   Account Holder Austrian Academy of Sciences Bank Bank Austria IBAN AT541100000262650519 BIC BKAUATWW Purpose 23507D   With an additional note you can dedicate your donation to a specific project. IMPORTANT Donations to the Austrian Archaeological Institute at the Austrian Academy of Sciences are tax-deductible according to §4a Abs. 1 EStG. Due to new legal regulations (Sonderausgaben-DÜV, BGBl. II Nr. 289/2016) the beneficiary organization must submit your data in an encrypted version to the fiscal authority so that your donation is actually tax-deductible. Please also enter your first and last name as well as your date of birth on the invoice or the online bank transfer. Ensure that the spelling of the name matches the spelling in the central register (Meldezettel). The regulation only affects amounts that can be included as additional expenses. As result donations (donations according to § 4a), that are made from business assets and thus are business expenses, do not qualify.   
Ephesos: Periurban Research  
The study of the environs of Ephesos is the central focus of the current research project in order to define the catchment area of the city. This applies to both the harbor landscape as well as the agricultural hinterland and the suburbs, i.e. the dense development that grew outside the city walls. Today large swaths of land are privately owned and covered with fruit plantations. As a result the subsoil can only be investigated with special permits. Principal Investigator Sabine Ladstätter Cooperations Simon Keay (Universität Southampton): ERC-Projekt »PortusLimen« University of Vienna Jasmin Ableidinger (DOC-Programme) Duration since 2012 Funding OeAI University of Vienna DOC-team Fellowship   Methods Since 2008 large scale surveys, architectural documentation, geophysical and geoarchaeological prospections have been carried out. The study draws on a total of about 200 ha of geophysical surveys and 268 cores. An area of 320,000 m2 has been surveyed and the find material has been quantitatively recorded or collected. Only selective excavations were carried out in order to clarify questions regarding chronology. Simultaneously the archival material was studied in particular historical aerial photographs and illustrations as well as the evaluation of literary sources. The Ephesian harbor landscape The study of the harbor landscape is essential for the understanding of the city of Ephesos. Over thousands of years of extreme efforts have been made to ensure a direct access to the sea. The canal system was a technical masterpiece that connected the Roman harbor city with the coast and remained in use until late into the Byzantine period. While the importance of a working harbor for the prosperity of the city was never questioned from the beginning of archaeological investigations in Ephesos, the systematic archaeological investigation only took place in the last several years. This circumstance was due to the complex natural conditions that necessitated an interdisciplinary research approach with the use of the most modern methods and analysis procedures. At the center of the investigations is the organization of the harbor system of Ephesos that was developed over centuries with a succession of harbors, moorings, canals, and navigation signs. An emphasis has been placed on the structural design of the port itself, particularly the specific installations, infrastructural buildings as well as in their urban connection. Another aspect that needs to be taken into consideration is the economic importance of the city as the most important center for trade between the Mediterranean and Anatolia with a considerable amount of goods transportation that was processed in the harbor where the customs collection took place. The suburbs Along the Harbor Channel areas were surveyed that had previously been geophysically surveyed and showed densely built as well as undeveloped areas. Although the surface finds do not demonstrate any differences in terms of quantity, their composition differs. The overrepresented cooking wares and amphorae indicate domestic use in the built-up area while the material from the other areas can either be related with necropoleis or also with secondary leveling. The pottery begins in the late Hellenistic period and reaches to the 5th/6th century CE; Byzantine finds are entirely lacking. The region to the south and southeast of the Magnesian Gate and reaching to the modern village Acarlar belongs to the suburban area of Ephesos. It is interesting to observe that -– unlike along the harbor channel – different artifact frequencies were registered. The highest density was identified immediately outside the fortification and likely represents urban waste disposal behavior. Misfired pottery provide information on the presence of pottery producing workshops in this area. The high concentration of bricks in individual fields probably originate from tombs as is confirmed by fragments of burial inscriptions. The processing of agricultural goods is evidenced by remains of presses and mills. The suburban structures in the northwest of the city directly adjacent to the Roman harbor are geophysically particularly informative. Here a dense, multi-phase development and an irregular street grid emerges. In a research project organized as a dissertation the geophysical basic data must be evaluated and archaeologically interpreted. The analysis of the geoarchaeological results are also intended on a micro level. Based on these evaluations, a reconstruction of the city and its landscape will be attempted that will do justice to the complexity and dynamics of the settlement center of Ephesos. Villages and villas Very little is known of the rural settlements in the immediate vicinity of Ephesos. Villages are mentioned in inscriptions but so far not one has been excavated. Additionally, there must have been numerous villas, namely both agricultural establishments as well as luxurious country estates of wealthy Ephesian citizens. A large villa 10,000 m2 in size was discovered with ground-penetrating radar 4 km west of the city. The layout follows the type of an Eckrisalit (pavilion) villa known from the northwestern provinces and is dated through surface finds to the 2nd/3rd century CE. A second villa was documented to the south east of Ephesos. Furthermore, stray finds testify to numerous villages in the surroundings of the city as well as the adjacent valleys. However, their exploration is still at the beginning and until now has depended on random finds.  
The city of Ephesos from the late Bronze Age to its re-foundation by Lysimachus  
Principal Investigator Michael Kerschner Cooperations Helmut Brückner (Geographisches Institut, University of Cologne) Duration since 2009 Funding OEAI   The research project is reconstructing the early settlement history of Ephesos. Interdisciplinary research has demonstrated how the shift of the coast has changed the settlement structure. An archaic-classical residential quarter was verified through excavations as well as a new terrace in the rock shrine of Meter with in-situ finds. The unknown Ephesos The aim of this project is to study the location, size, structure, and chronology of the settlement in the area of Ephesos through systematic archaeological and interdisciplinary methods from the late Bronze Age to the beginning of the Hellenistic period. The ruins visible today trace back to the re-foundation through king Lysimachus at the beginning of the 3rd century BCE. At the time the city already had a history spanning millennia. Very little is known about the city’s forerunner; only very few excerpts mention it in the ancient written sources. Archaeologically the late Bronze Age, early Iron Age, archaic, and classical settlement phases are difficult to explore: the corresponding levels and building remains are often covered by several meters of alluvial deposits, are located below the water level, or were covered by later structures. The city follows its harbor The landscape of Ephesos was subjected to massive geomorphological changes that greatly influenced the development of the settlement. The changes of the coast line were reconstructed in its individual stages through palaeogeographic corings by H. Brückner and F. Stock (University of Cologne). The progressive silting up of their harbors forced the Ephesians several times to search for new moorings where as a result new city quarters developed. A city of scattered quarters Since the early 7th century BCE new settlements developed along the coast. This form of scattered settlements can often be seen among early Greek poleis. Through the systematic mapping and analysis of older research results as well as through precise trenches in selected places it was possible to reconstruct the development of the settlement from the late Bronze Age to the early Hellenistic period. Archaic-classical settlement on the north-eastern terrace of the Panayırdağ  Parts of such a residential quarter were excavated along the north-eastern side of the Panayırdağ in 2008/2009. This naturally protected rock terrace was used from the early 7th century BCE. Around 400 BCE a fortification wall was built around the settlement and enclosed an area of about 9 ha. It is the oldest known fortification of Ephesos.  
The urban development of Limyra in the Hellenistic period  
Principal Investigator Martin Seyer Cooperations ZAMG Helmut Brückner (Geographisches Institut, University of Cologne) Laurence Cavalier (Institut Ausonius-Maison de l'archéologie, Université Bordeaux Montaigne) Havva İşkan (Institute for Archaeology, Akdeniz Universität) Michael Wörrle (Commission for Ancient History and Epigraphy of the DAI) Duration since 2016 Funding FWF project P29027 OEAI The project »Urban development of Limyra in the Hellenistic period« deals with the size, structure, and townscape of the east Lycian city of Limyra (Turkey) mainly from the rule of the Ptolemies to the early imperial period under consideration of the historical contexts. The size and character of Zẽmuri/Limyra following its development into a royal seat by the dynast Perikle at the beginning of the 4th century BCE have been well studied through many years of excavations. Comparatively little is known about the urban development of Limyra in the Hellenistic period as is typical for the archaeological exploration of Lycia. The situation in other major cities of the region, such as Xanthos and Patara, is similar. Preliminary work and initial results Preliminary work for this project already provided first insights on the size of the city, its street grid as well as a change in the urban fabric which had been established in the Hellenistic period. In the ›west city‹ of Limyra the city wall was discovered which had been built during the rule of the Ptolemies as part of a settlement expansion. Spolia discovered in the late antique city wall verify the existence of several monumental temples of the Hellenistic period that possibly significantly shaped the townscape. The first results of the geophysical surveys have also shed new light on the development of the city and demonstrate that the uniform orientation of the development established in the Hellenistic period was at least partially abandoned as a result of an unknown event. Methods The fieldwork for the project is being carried out with non-invasive (geophysics, spolia project) as well as with invasive (geoarchaeology, excavations) methods. These studies are primarily pursuing the objective of gaining an overview of the general inventory of the monuments primarily in the Hellenistic period and their orientation. The geophysical corings will lead to findings on the dating of newly formed watercourses of the Limyros throughout the history of the city as well as their obvious impact on the urban development. Several precise and small scale trenches will serve as a way to document the city limits, the nature, and the dating of the Hellenistic construction as well as the collection of information regarding the abandonment of the uniform orientation, possibly in the early imperial period. Additional discoveries By comparing the archaeological results with those from other Lycian cities, such as Patara or Xanthos, we expect to gain considerable insights into the structural development of Limyra during the Hellenistic period, into the chronology of the urban development, and the functional use of space which will lead to a significant increase in knowledge about the building activity of this period on the south-west coast of Asia Minor as a whole.   
The urban structure of Lousoi in the Hellenistic period  
Principal Investigator Christoph Baier National research partner Immo Trinks (Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Archäologische Prospektion und Virtuelle Archäologie) Cooperations Jamieson C. Donati (Laboratory of Geophysical - Satellite Remote Sensing & Archaeo-environment of the Institute for Mediterranean Studies / Foundation of Research & Technology) Evangelia Kiriatzi (Fitch Laboratory, British School at Athens) Ioannis Maniatis (NCSR "DEMOKRITOS", Laboratory of Archaeometry, Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology) Elisabeth Trinkl (Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Institut für Klassische Archäologie)  Duration 2016–2022 Funding 2016–2018 OeAI OeAW (Post-DocTrack-Pilotprogramm) Funding 2019–2022 FWF-Projekt P31801-G25 „Die Stadtstruktur von Lousoi im Hellenismus“   The polis of Lousoi on the Peloponnese provides the opportunity to examine numerous aspects of an ancient Greek urban culture from the point of view of a small but rich in traditions and supra-regionally well-connected settlement. An interdisciplinary research project is focused on key questions regarding the expansion and the development structure of Lousoi as well as the functional organization and urban spatial development of the public center of the polis. Research history of Lousoi The ancient town of Lousoi in the northern Peloponnese is located on the south-eastern edge of the fertile high plateau of Sudena surrounded by mountainsides. Located in the border region between the ancient landscapes of Achaia and Arcadia, the city was of regional significance already fairly early due to the existence of the cult of Artemis Hemera since the Geometric period. The study of the sanctuary and the settlement began in 1898/1899 and has continued since 1980 by the Athens branch of the OeAI. It has shown that the material culture of ancient Lousoi had in many ways remarkable local peculiarities. At the same time, the development of the city was shaped significantly through its inclusion in regional and supra-regional communication and transaction networks. Preliminary work on the topography and settlement structure The town limits of Lousoi were not built over after antiquity and due to its limited size of about 20-40 ha it is ideally suited for a systematic analysis of the entire settlement structure. In 2015–2017, the creation of a topographical map of the settlement, a high-resolution orthophotomap, and a large-scale architectural survey led to initial fundamental insights on urban connections. In the area of the public center as well as in its immediate vicinity a pilot study was carried out in order to test the suitability of different geophysical survey methods for the large-scale documentation of subsoil building remains in the urban area. At the same time in 2017 excavations in the city center were resumed which from 2000 to 2012 had led to important insights on the urban development from the Geometric to early Imperial period. First results on the settlement structure In relation to the spatial structure of the city and the archaeologically tangible buildings of Hellenistic Lousoi, a survey of the underlying evidence reveals a remarkable tension between the reception of supra-regionally widespread urban planning concepts and construction on the one hand and the consideration of specific local parameters on the other hand. The internal structure of the city as well as its limits were largely defined by natural conditions. The elongated city area is marked by a rugged terrain, small watercourses, and marshy zones in the plateau. The construction ends close to a deep gorge and on its northern opposite site the peri-urban sanctuary of Artemis Hemera is located. Starting at the sanctuary, a historic route appears to run along the upper edge of the settlement and it might have had an important function in the development of the individual settlement areas. In the northern city area the development of the very uneven terrain took place in small terraces that followed the natural topography and primarily appear to have provided space for residential constructions, as illustrated by two exposed Hellenistic houses. To the south, the terrain flattens off and permits the construction of expansive construction terraces which were also used for public buildings. The Hellenistic urban center For the area referred to as Stadio close to the karst plateau the previous research already has provided comprehensive findings on the monumental development of the Hellenistic polis with political and religious buildings as well as the diachronic dynamics in the urban development. A two-aisled stoa, a sanctuary consisting of a peripteros and a small oikos, various smaller monuments as well as other unexcavated large buildings built across several terraces stepped above each other are evidence of contemporary urbanity but also reveal strong locally influenced constructions. Against this background, the new research on the spatial and functional organization of the public center is another important key to a deeper understanding of the urban structure and development of Lousoi.  
The harbour of Tell el-Dabʿa  
Tell el-Dabʿa, ancient Avaris, the capital of the Hyksos, was one of the largest cities of the ancient Near East in the 2nd millennium BCE and an important harbour for inland and maritime shipping. The Cairo branch of the OeAI has been conducting archaeological research for the study of the harbour since 2013.