Neue Modelle und offene Fragen zur Neolithisierung zwischen Westasien und Südosteuropa
»Neue Modelle und offene Fragen zur Neolithisierung zwischen Westasien und Südosteuropa«
Barbara Horejs | Vienna
The Neolithic is a period of great upheaval in the social, cultural and economic life of humans, changing from Epipalaeolithic/Mesolithic mobile hunter-gatherers to Neolithic sedentary farming communities. This fundamental change is characterised by new technologies, practices, materials, production processes, symbolisms and beliefs that become tangible around 12,000 years ago. Current bioarchaeological and archaeological data suggest migrations from Anatolia into the Balkans as a very likely model for the spread of the new way of life to Europe, which has brought this region of south-eastern Europe back into the focus of archaeology. Current interdisciplinary research and primary data from excavations in Anatolia (Çukuriçi Höyük) and the Balkans (Svinjarička Čuka) are at the centre of this contribution, in which the beginnings of sedentarisation in a broader context between West Asia and Europe around 9000 years ago.