When algorithms decide in our place: Opportunities and risks of artificial intelligence


Artificial intelligence, AI technologies, digital transformation, technology assessment, fake news, deep learning, predictive policing

Computers are becoming more and more powerful and can solve complex problems with increasing speed. Thanks to the Internet and smartphones, large amounts of data become available at the same time. Both factors foster the development of artificial intelligence (AI). 

Artificial intelligence solves challenging tasks that previous computer programs failed to do without seemingly any effort. Well-known examples are AI systems that translate languages or defeat human opponents in games of different kinds. Artificial intelligence is being improved constantly and takes over activities that were previously the domain of humans, such as identifying tax fraud or diagnosing diseases. Artificial intelligence is therefore viewed as an important driver of digital transformation.

The TA-SWISS study looks in detail at the opportunities and risks of this technology in the application areas of work, education and research, consumption, media and administration. In addition, general ethical and legal aspects are also discussed. The main focus is on applications in which AI supports decision-making processes - resulting in decisions with a direct impact on citizens and our society as a whole.

Authores: Markus ChristenClemens MaderJohann ČasTarik Abou-ChadiAbraham BernsteinNadja Braun BinderDaniele Dell'AglioLuca FábiánDamian GeorgeAnita GohdesLorenz HiltyMarkus KneerJaro Krieger-LaminaHauke LichtAnne SchererClaudia SomPascal SutterFlaurent Thouvenin

Publisher: TA-SWISS
 

Table of contents

  1.     Introduction
  2.     Technical, ethical and legal foundations of AI
  3.     State of knowledge in the five thematic fields
  4.     Experts on artificial intelligence
  5.     Recommendations