607 Treffer:
The causes and consequences of depopulation  
Wittgenstein Centre Conference 2021  
From the Stork to Fertility Apps  
19.7.2021 - 12:00-13:00 CEST
Ross Barker
 
Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021  
Special issue on: Demographic Aspects of Human Wellbeing (Vol. 19) Guest editors: Sonja Spitzer, Vanessa Di Lego, Angela Greulich, Raya Muttarak Managing editor: Maria Winkler-Dworak The following list of papers does not yet contain all papers of the issue, but only those papers that have already been published online-first. Debate EU and UK targets for healthy life expectancy –are they achievable? Carol Jagger  Full text | Details Demography and well-being Andrew E. Clark Full text | Details WELLBYs, Cost-benefit analyses, and the Easterlin Discount Paul Frijters Full text | Details Research Articles Going Beyond GDP with a Parsimonious Indicator: Inequality-Adjusted Healthy Lifetime Income David E Bloom, Victoria Y Fan, Vadim Kufenko, Osondu Ogbuoji, Klaus Prettner, Gavin Yamey Full text | Details Global improvements in Years of Good Life since 1950 Erich Striessnig, Claudia Reiter, Anna Dimitrova Full text | Details Gender disparities in health at older ages and their consequences for well-being in Latin America and the Caribbean MarÍlia R. Nepomuceno, Vanessa di Lego, Cássio M. Turra Full text | Details Gender and socioeconomic inequalities in health and wellbeing across age in France and Switzerland Anna Barbuscia, Chiara Comolli Full text | Details The Age U-shape in Europe: The Protective Role of Partnership Hippolyte d’Albis, Andrew Clark, Angela Greulich Full text | Details Fathers’ and mothers’ enjoyment of childcare: the role of multitasking Marina Zannella, Alessandra De Rose Full text | Details Well-being in Europe: Decompositions by country and gender for the population aged 50+ Claudia Reiter, Sonja Spitzer Full text | Details Academic track mismatch and the temporal development of well-being and competences in German secondary education Felix Bittmann Full text | Details Review Comparing global reports of subjective well-being to experiential measures Richard E. Lucas Full text | Details  Anthropometric history and the measurement of wellbeing Bernard Harris Full text | Details Details & Abstracts Debate EU and UK targets for healthy life expectancy – are they achievable? Carol Jagger (corresponding author), Newcastle University, Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.deb01 cite as: Jagger, C. 2020. "EU and UK targets for healthy life expectancy – are they achievable?" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 16.07.2020 Abstract: In 2008, the EU Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP-AHA) set a target of an increase of two healthy life years by 2020. More recently, in 2018, the UK Government set a target to “ensure people can enjoy at least 5 extra healthy, independent years of life by 2035, while narrowing the gap between the experience of the richest and poorest”. This paper reviews the progress the EU member states have made towards meeting this target, and what the UK can learn from their experiences. I conclude that, although the EU target is likely to be reached, the gap in healthy life years between the member states has increased. Past trends in and projections of disability-free life expectancy in England suggest that it will be difficult to achieve an increase of five healthy and independent years of life by 2035. Keywords: health expectancy; life expectancy; healthy life years; social inequality; European Union PDF Demography and well-being Andrew E. Clark, Paris School of Economics - CNRS, Paris, France Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.deb02 cite as: Clark, A.E. 2021. "Demography and well-being" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 21.01.2021 Abstract: Demography studies the characteristics of populations. One such characteristic iswell-being: this was the subject of the 2019 Wittgenstein Conference. Here, I discusshow objective well-being domains can be summarised to produce an overall well-being score, and how taking self-reported (subjective) well-being into account mayhelp in this effort. But given that there is more than one type of subjective well-being score, we would want to know which one is “best”. We would also need todecide whose well-being counts, or counts more than that of others. Finally, I brieflymention the potential role of adaptation and social comparisons in the calculationof societal well-being.Keywords:subjective well-being; demography; measurement; policy PDF WELLBYs, Cost-benefit analyses, and the Easterlin Discount Paul Frijters, Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics. London, UK Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.deb04 cite as: Frijters, P. 2021. "WELLBYs, Cost-benefit analyses, and the Easterlin Discount" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 09.03.2021 Abstract: The current practise of cost-benefit analysis in Western countries consists of a collec-tion of various incompatible ideas and methodologies to obtain replicable numbersfor the costs and benefits of major public spending plans. This paper describesthe main elements of the dominant methodology, which combines consumer andproducer surplus, price-taking, government-inputs-as-outputs, hedonic pricing ofexternalities, and the issue-specific use of partial or general equilibrium thinking.The paper then discusses how that methodology can be augmented and partiallyreplaced by looking at how prospective policies would change the total number ofWELLBYs (life satisfaction-adjusted years of life) of the population. The abilityof the WELLBY methodology to address complex externalities is illustrated by theEasterlin Discount, which is a proposed reduction factor of 75% on all estimates ofprivate consumption benefits to offset the envy caused in others.Keywords:cost-effectiveness; wellbeing; consumer surplus; Easterlin Discount;public advocacy PDF Research Articles Going Beyond GDP with a Parsimonious Indicator: Inequality-Adjusted Healthy Lifetime Income David E. Bloom, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA Victoria Y. Fan, University of Hawai’i at M ̄anoa, Office of Public Health Studies, Myron B. Thompson School ofSocial Work, Honolulu, HI, USA Vadim Kufenko, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany Osondu Ogbuoji, Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA Klaus Prettner (corresponding author), Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria, Vienna Institute of Demography (OeAW), Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria Gavin Yamey, Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res1.1 cite as: Bloom, D. E.,  Fan V.Y., Kufenko, V., Ogbuoji, O., Prettner, K., Yamey, G. 2021. "Going Beyond GDP with a Parsimonious Indicator: Inequality-Adjusted Healthy Lifetime Income" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 9.3.2021 Abstract: Per capita GDP has limited use as a well-being indicator because it does not capture many dimensions that imply a “good life”, such as health and equality of opportunity. However, per capita GDP has the virtues of being easy to interpret and to calculate with manageable data requirements. Against this backdrop, there is a need for a measure of well-being that preserves the advantages of per capita GDP, but also includes health and equality. We propose a new parsimonious indicator to fill this gap, and calculate it for 149 countries. This new indicator could be particularly useful in complementing standard well-being indicators during theCOVID-19 pandemic. This is because (i) COVID-19 predominantly affects older adults beyond their prime working ages whose mortality and morbidity do not strongly affect GDP, and (ii) COVID-19 is known to have large effects on inequality in many countries. Keywords:beyond GDP; well-being; health; inequality; human development;lifetime income; COVID-19 PDF Global improvements in Years of Good Life since 1950 Erich Striessnig (corresponding author), Department of Demography, University of Vienna, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria Claudia Reiter, Department of Demography, University of Vienna, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria Anna Dimitrova, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res1.1 cite as: Striessnig, E., Reiter, C., Dimitrova, A. 2021. "Global improvements in Years of Good Life since 1950" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 15.06.2021 Abstract: Human well-being at the national aggregate level is typically measured by GDPper capita, life expectancy or a composite index such as the HDI. A more recent alternative is the Years of Good Life (YoGL) indicator presented by Lutz et al. (2018; 2021). YoGL represents a refinement of life expectancy in which only those person-years in a life table are counted that are spent free from material (1), physical(2) or cognitive limitations (3), while being subjectively perceived as satisfying (4). In this article, we present the reconstruction of YoGL to 1950 for 140 countries. Since life expectancy – as reported by the UN World Population Prospects in five-yearly steps – forms the basis of our reconstruction, the presented dataset is also available on a five-yearly basis. In addition, like life expectancy, YoGL can be flexibly calculated for different sub-populations. Hence, we present separate YoGL estimates for women and men. Due to a lack of data, only the material dimension can be reconstructed based directly on empirical inputs since 1950. The remaining dimensions are modelled based on information from the more recent past. Keywords: Years of Good Life; well-being indicator; human development; survival; basic needs PDF Gender disparities in health at older ages and their consequences for well-being in Latin America and the Caribbean MarÍlia R. Nepomuceno (corresponding author), Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany Vanessa di Lego, Vienna Institute of Demography (OeAW), Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria Cássio M. Turra, Demography Departament- Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res2.1 cite as: Nepomuceno M. R., Di Lego, V., Turra, C.M. 2021. "Gender disparities in health at older ages and their consequences for well-being in Latin America and the Caribbean" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 09.06.2021 Abstract: Women live longer but can expect to spend more years in poorer health compared to men. In the context of population aging and declining gender ratios at older ages, there are increasing concerns about how this disadvantage in female health will affect well-being and sustainability, particularly in developing regions that are rapidly aging. Our study compares differences in health expectancies at older ages for men and women in order to assess gender disparities in health. We use data from the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean to decompose the gender gap into total and age-specific mortality and disability effects in seven cities in the region. Our results show that at older ages, higher disability rates among women reduced the gender gap in healthy life expectancy by offsetting women’s mortality advantage. In addition, we find that women’s mortality advantage decreased almost systematically with age, which reduced the contribution of the mortality effect to the gender gap at older ages. Although the gender gap in health followed a similar pattern across the region, its decomposition into mortality and disability effects reveals that there was substantial variation among cities. Thus, across the region, the implications of the gender gap in health for well-being vary, and the policies aimed at reducing this gap should also differ. Keywords: gender gap; healthy life expectancy; disability; older ages; Latin America and the Caribbean; decomposition PDF Gender and socioeconomic inequalities in health and wellbeing across age in France and Switzerland Anna Barbuscia (corresponding author), INED, Paris, France Chiara Comolli, University of Lausanne, Switzerland Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res2.2 cite as: Barbuscia A., Comolli C. 2021. "Gender and socioeconomic inequalities in health and wellbeing across age in France and Switzerland" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 09.06.2021 Abstract: There is increasing evidence that wellbeing is unequally distributed across sociode-mographic groups  in  contemporary  societies.  However,  less  is  known  about  the divergence  across  social  groups  of  trajectories  of  wellbeing  across  age  groups. This issue is of great relevance in contexts characterised by changing population structures  and  growing  imbalances  across  and  within  generations,  and  in  which ensuring that everyone has the opportunity to have a happy and healthy life course is a primary welfare goal. In this study, we investigate wellbeing trends in France and Switzerland across age, gender, and socioeconomic status groups. We use two household surveys (the Santé et Itinéraires Professionnels and the Swiss Household Panel)  to  compare  the  unfolding  inequalities  in  health  and  wellbeing  across  age groups in two rich countries. We view wellbeing as multidimensional, following the literature highlighting the importance of considering different dimensions and measures  of  wellbeing.  Thus,  we  investigate  a  number  of  outcomes,  including different measures of physical and mental health, as well as of relational wellbeing, using a linear regression model and a linear probability model. Our findings show interesting country and dimension-specific heterogeneities in the development of health and wellbeing over age. While our results indicate that there are gender and educational inequalities in both Switzerland and France, and that gender inequalities in mental health accumulate with age in both countries, we also find that educational inequalities in health and wellbeing remain rather stable across age groups. Keywords: multidimensional wellbeing; sociodemographic inequalities; age development; cross-country comparison PDF The Age U-shape in Europe: The Protective Role of Partnership Andrew E. Clark, Paris School of Economics – CNRS, Paris, France Hippolyte d’Albis (corresponding author), Paris School of Economics – CNRS, Paris, France Angela Greulich, Sciences Po – OSC, Paris, France Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res3.1 cite as: Clark, A. E., d'Albis, H., Greulich, A. 2021. "The Age U-shape in Europe: The Protective Role of Partnership" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 9.3.2021 Abstract: In this study, we ask whether the U-shaped relationship between life satisfaction and age is flatter for individuals who are partnered. An analysis of cross-sectional EU-SILC data indicates that the decline in life satisfaction from the teens to the fifties is almost four times larger for non-partnered than for partnered individuals, whose life satisfaction essentially follows a slight downward trajectory with age. However, the same analysis applied to three panel datasets (BHPS, SOEP and HILDA) reveals a U-shape for both groups, albeit somewhat flatter for the partnered than for the non-partnered individuals. We suggest that the difference between the cross-sectional and the panel results reflects compositional effects: i.e., there is a significant shift of the relatively dissatisfied out of marriage in mid-life. These compositional effects tend to flatten the U-shape in age for the partnered individuals in the cross-sectional data. Keywords: life satisfaction; life cycle; partnership; marriage PDF Fathers’ and mothers’ enjoyment of childcare: the role of multitasking Marina Zannella (corresponding author), Department of Methods and Models for Economics, Territory and Finance, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy Alessandra De Rose, Department of Methods and Models for Economics, Territory and Finance, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy   Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res3.1 cite as: Zannella, M., De Rose, A. 2021. "Fathers’ and mothers’ enjoyment of childcare: the role of multitasking" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 09.06.2021 Abstract: Using  data  from  the  latest  edition  of  the  Italian  Time  Use  Survey  (ITUS,  2013–2014), we analyse 31,309 childcare episodes to investigate the relationship between multitasking (i.e., the combination of childcare with housework tasks) and parents’ enjoyment of the time they spent on childcare, with a gender perspective. To this end, we rely on information from the episode enjoyment scores the respondents used to evaluate the degree of (un)pleasantness associated with the different activities they recorded in a daily diary. These episode enjoyment scores are a novelty in the ITUS, and provide a unique measure of the respondents’ momentary assessments of their subjective well-being. Our results highlight the existence of a negative relationship between multitasking and parental well-being when spending time on childcare for both  mothers  and  fathers,  regardless  of  the  nature  of  the  childcare  activity  they were performing (i.e., routine or recreational childcare). Our findings add to prior research by shedding new light on the role of multitasking as a relevant contextual characteristic of care that affects the well-being of fathers, as well as of mothers. Keywords: time use; childcare; well-being; parents PDF Well-being in Europe: Decompositions by country and gender for the population aged 50+ Claudia Reiter, Department of Demography, University of Vienna, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and GlobalHuman Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria Sonja Spitzer (corresponding author), Department of Demography, University of Vienna, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and GlobalHuman Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria The authors are listed in alphabetical order with equal contributions. Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res4.1 cite as: Reiter, C., Spitzer, S. 2021. "Well-being in Europe: Decompositions by country and gender for the population aged 50+" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 9.3.2021 Abstract: The well-being of older Europeans is of increasing importance given the substantial ageing of the population. This paper comprehensively analyses well-being for the population aged 50+in 26 European countries, using the newly proposed indicator “Years of Good Life” (YoGL), which measures the remaining years of life that an individual can expect to live in a “good” state. The indicator enables the decomposition of well-being into various dimensions, there by revealing important heterogeneities between regions and genders. Results show that numbers of YoGL at age 50 vary considerably between European countries. They are highest in Northern and Western European countries and lowest in Central and Eastern European countries, where many “good” years are lost due to low life satisfaction. Interestingly, the high life expectancy levels in Southern Europe do not translate into higher numbers of YoGL, mainly due to the low levels of physical and cognitive health in this region. While women and men can expect to have similar numbers of YoGL, women are likely to spend a smaller proportion of their longer remaining lifetime in a good state. These results demonstrate the importance of using well-being indicators that consider population heterogeneity when measuring humanwell-being, especially for older populations. Keywords: well-being; population 50+; Europe; SHARE data; Sullivan’s method,cross-country analysis PDF Academic track mismatch and the temporal development of well-being and competences in German secondary education Felix Bittmann, Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBi), Department: Educational Decisions andProcesses, Migration, Returns to Education, Bamberg, Germany Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res5.1 cite as: Bittmann, F. 2021. "Academic track mismatch and the temporal development of well-being and competences in German secondary education" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 20.05.2021 Abstract: Formal education is one of the most influential predictors of professional success. As parents in Germany are aware of the importance of education, they often try to enable their children to enrol in the prestigious academic schooling track (Gymnasium). This explains why the transition recommendation made by the teacher after the fourth grade is sometimes ignored if the desired track was not recommended for a particular student. How the mismatch between the teacher’s recommendation and the parents’ choice of schooling for their child affects the child’s development is not sufficiently known. It is very likely that such a mismatch can have consequences for the child’s well-being, competences and overall academic success. Based on five consecutive panel waves of German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) data (waves 1 to 5, collected between 2010 and 2016) (n=2,790 in wave 1), our analyses demonstrate that social background and the probability of ignoring a teacher’s recommendation are associated, and that highly educated parents are more likely to overrule the teacher’s recommendation. Panel regression models show that pupils who pursued the academic track (Gymnasium) despite the absence of a teacher’s recommendation were more likely to drop out of the academic schooling track, and were not able to catch up with their peers with respect to both objective and subjective academic competences over the entire observation window. However, the models also show that academic track mismatch did not seem to negatively influence the health and well-being of these pupils. Keywords:German secondary education; well-being; competences; longitudinalanalysis; mediation analysis; mismatch; school tracking; teacher’s recommendation PDF Review Comparing global reports of subjective well-being to experiential measures Richard E. Lucas, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.rev01 cite as: Lucas, R.E., 2021. "Comparing global reports of subjective well-being to experiential measures" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 09.06.2021 Abstract: Subjective well-being (SWB) is an overall evaluation of the quality of a person’s life from his or her own perspective. One common method of assessing this construct requires respondents to think about their life as a whole and to provide a “global” evaluation that summarizes across life domains or affective experiences over extended periods of time. The validity of these global measures has been challenged, however; and experiential measures, which ask respondents to report on their momentary evaluative experiences many times over a constrained time period, have been suggested as a more valid alternative. This paper addresses the empirical evidence for one important challenge to global measures: the possibility that temporarily salient information overwhelmingly influences global judgments, reducing their reliability and validity. This paper critiques prior evidence for this challenge and presents new concerns about the assumed validity of the proposed alternative: experiential measures. Keywords: subjective well-being; life satisfaction; measurement; experience sam-pling method; day reconstruction method PDF Anthropometric history and the measurement of wellbeing Bernard Harris, School of Social Work and Social Policy, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.rev02 cite as: Harris, B. 2021. "Anthropometric history and the measurement of wellbeing" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 09.06.2021 Abstract: It has often been recognised that the average height of a population is influenced by the economic, social and environmental conditions in which it finds itself, and this insight has inspired a generation of historians to use anthropometric data to investigate the health and wellbeing of past populations. This paper reviews some of the main developments in the field, and assesses the extent to which height remains a viable measure of historical wellbeing. It explores a number of different issues, including the nature of human growth; the impact of variations in diet and exposure to disease; the role of ethnicity; the relationships between height, mortality and labour productivity; and the “social value” of human stature. It concludes that, despite certain caveats, height has retained its capacity to act as a “mirror” of the conditions of past societies, and of the wellbeing of their members. PDF  
WIC-Colloquium  
The WIC Online Colloquium is a regular event organized by the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital where prestigious demographers and researchers from adjacent fields present their work, followed by a discussion and Q & A session. Please register in this mailing list to receive the latest information on upcoming talks! Previous Colloquia: MicroWELT – Microsimulation of Disaggregated National Transfer Accounts for the Comparative Study of Welfare State Regimes 18 May 2021 Martin Spielauer Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) Abstract: This colloquium introduces MicroWELT, a microsimulation platform developed alongside the Horizon 2020 WELTRANSIM (Welfare Transfer Simulation) project. MicroWELT projects the interactions between welfare state regimes, welfare transfers and population ageing, accounting for educational change, life expectancy differentials and changing family patterns. Beyond the WELTRASNIM project, microWELT provides a versatile platform already used in various projects related to health, employment and care. MicroWELT integrates detailed socio-demographic projections with disaggregated National Transfer Accounts (NTAs). We study how disaggregating NTAs by family type and education affects NTA indicators and generational accounts. Our results show that indicators based on disaggregated data can give a very distinct picture of the economic effects of population ageing. About the presenter: Martin Spielauer is Senior Economist at the Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO). He has 20 years of experience developing dynamic microsimulation models for the study of socio-demographic change, employment, health, social insurance, pensions and care in various countries. He is the lead developer of the microWELT model presented in this colloquium. As consultant of The World Bank, he leads the development of Dynamis-Pop, a portable model for population, education and health applications in developing countries. Video on Youtube Baby bust in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic? First results from the new STFF data series 21 April 2021 Tomáš Sobotka & Kryštof Zeman Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna) Abstract: Past evidence on fertility responses to external shocks, including economic recessions and the out-breaks of infectious diseases, show that people of-ten put their childbearing plans on hold in uncertaintimes. We study the most recent data on monthly birth trends to analyse the initial fertility responses to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Ourresearch, based on new Short-Term Fertility Fluctu-ations (STFF) data series, embedded in the HumanFertility Database, shows the initial signs of the ex-pected “birth recession”. Monthly number of births in many countries have fallen sharply since October2020, often bringing about a clear reversal of theprevious trend. Across 17 countries with lower uc-tuations in births, births fell on average by 5.1% in November 2020, 6.5% in December 2020 and 8.9% in January 2021, compared with the same monthof the previous year. Spain sustained the sharpest drop in the number of births among the analysed countries, with the number of births plummeting by 20% in December 2020 and January 2021. Thecombined effect of rising mortality and falling birthrates is disrupting the balance of births and deaths in many countries, pushing natural population in-crease to record low levels. About the presenters: Tomáš Sobotkaleads the researchgroup Fertility and Family at theVienna Institute of Demography (OeAW). He also serves as an external lecturer at the Charles University in Prague and since 2021 as Editor of the Vienna Yearbook of Population Research. Kryštof Zeman is a research scientist with main focus on the Human Fertility Database project at the Department of Demography (Universityof Vienna). The presented work was created incollaboration with Aiva Jasilioniene, Ainhoa Alustiza Galarza, DmitriJdanov and László Németh from the Max Planck Institute for Demo-graphic Research (MPIDR). Presentation Part I (Zeman) Presentation Part II (Sobotka) Born Once, Die Once: Lifetable Relationships for Fertility 9 March 2021 Annette Baudisch & Jesús-Adrián Alvarez Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics Abstract: Everyone dies, once. This basic truth empowers formal mortality research. Similarly, everyone is born, once. This truth has not been fully exploited to benefit formal fertility research. Baudisch and Stott (2019) recently advanced the idea of an offspring population - yet unborn - awaiting the event of birth, introducing a novel survivorship concept for birth. Formalizing the idea of ’birth survival’, here we define the underlying random variable and derive the central ’triplet’ of survival analysis functions - the hazard, density, and survival. We derive a straightforward framework to capture age-specific patterns of birth, analogous to classical life table functions. Based on age-specific birth counts, we construct a ’birth table’ and meaningful summary measures such as ’birth expectancy’ and associated measures of spread. We advance a new framework to compare birth schedules across populations and to reveal macrolevel patterns and constraints. Our approach enables method transfer from mortality to fertility research, which can create an integrated framework to study birth and death for the same focal individual. Thereby, insights into the intertwined relationships between birth and death become possible. This, we envision, will open an entirely unexplored line of research. About the presenter: Professor Annette Baudisch is Vice Director at the Danish Centre for Demo-graphic Research | CDem within the Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics | CPop. As mathematician and demographer by training, her research advances concepts, theories and methods to study age-patterns of mortality and fertility. Changing the question of “why we age” to “why we age, but other species do not”, and creating the pace-shape framework of aging are her award-winning contributions to science. Colloquia 2014 - 2020  
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Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz  
Research Areas Population Dynamics Population Economics Areas of Expertise Long-run population and economic development Macroeconomic consequences of an ageing population Agent-based computational models and social interaction Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz Deputy Director Research Group: Economic Demography Phone: +43 1 51581 - 7702 E-Mail: alexia.fuernkranz@oeaw.ac.at curriculum vitae publications Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz is deputy director of the Vienna Institute of Demography at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. From 2017 to 2019 she was director of VID/OeAW. She holds a doctorate in mathematical economics from the Vienna University of Technology (TU), as well as a second doctorate (Habilitation) in population economics and applied econometrics from the same university. She is professor in mathematical economics at the Institute of Statistics and Mathematical Methods in Economics at the Vienna University of Technology, a research associate at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and one of the five directors of the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital, of which the Vienna Institute of Demography is one of three pillar institutions. Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz is working in the field of the economics of population and individual ageing, long-run economic growth, agent-based models and environmental economics. She has published numerous articles in refereed scientific journals and edited special issues of economic and demographic journals.  
Wolfgang Lutz  
Research Areas Education Mortality Population and Environment Population Dynamics Population Economics Areas of Expertise Population Projections Human Capital Curriculum Vitae & Publications List Wolfgang Lutz Director Research Group: Migration, Education & Environment Phone: +43 1 51581 - 7752 E-Mail: lutz@iiasa.ac.at Wolfgang Lutz is Founding Director of the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital. A collaboration between the Department of Demography of the University of Vienna, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and the Vienna Institute of Demography of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (VID/OeAW). He joined IIASA in October 1985, where he is Senior Program Advisor of the Population and Just Societies Program (POPJUS) and Acting Research Group Leader of the Social Cohesion, Health, and Wellbeing Research Group. From 1992 to 2020 Wolfgang Lutz was Program Director of the World Population (POP) Program at IIASA.  In 2002 he became Director of VID. Since 2008 Wolfgang Lutz has also been Full Professor: first at the WU Vienna and since October 2019 at the University of Vienna. He is also Professorial Research Fellow at the Oxford Martin School for 21st Century Studies. In 2016, before leaving office, former Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Wolfgang Lutz to be one of 15 independent scientists to draft a report on sustainable development ahead of a global review set for 2019. Professor Lutz studied philosophy, theology, mathematics and statistics at the Universities of Munich, Vienna and Helsinki and holds a PhD in Demography from the University of Pennsylvania (1983) and a second doctorate (Habilitation) in Statistics from the University of Vienna. He has worked on family demography, fertility analysis, population projection and the interaction between population and environment. He has been conducting a series of in-depth studies on population–development–environment interactions in Mexico, several African countries and Asia. He is the author of a series of world population projections produced at IIASA and has developed approaches for projecting education and human capital. He is also principal investigator at the Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis. Lutz is author and editor of 28 books and more than 200 refereed articles, including seven in "Science" and "Nature". In 2008 he received an ERC Advanced Grant, in 2009 the Mattei Dogan Award of the IUSSP and in 2010 the Wittgenstein Prize, the highest Austrian science award. He is elected full member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and of the German National Academy Leopoldina as well as a member of the Committee on Population of the US National Academy of Sciences. Furthermore he is a member of the Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters (Societas Scientiarum Fennica) and the World Academy of Sciences (TWAS).  
WIC Colloquium Registration  
ÖAW - Data Protection The Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences as a pillar institution of the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital is organizing the WIC Colloquium series and is complying with the EU General Data Protection Regulation. Please find the Data Protection Policy of the Austrian Academy of Sciences  here. ZOOM - privacy and legal The WIC-Colloquium is a series of demography related talks taking place irregularily at the Vienna Institute of Demography. Due to the restrictions affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, the WIC-Colloquium series will be held on the online platform Zoom recently. More information on the remote conferencing software: https://zoom.us The Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences as a pillar institution of the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital is organizing the WIC Colloquium series and is complying with the EU General Data Protection Regulation. Please find the Data Protection Policy of the Austrian Academy of Sciences  here.