604 Treffer:
The causes and consequences of depopulation  
Wittgenstein Centre Conference 2021  
VID at PAA 2021  
VID Scientists at PAA 2021 VID scientists present their research at the virtual Population Association of America Annual Meeting 2021: Wednesday, 5 May, 2021 | 9:15 AM - 10:30 AM Session: Advances in Measuring Poverty, Inequality, and Economic Well-being Age-Specific Income Trends in Europe: The Role of Employment, Wages, and Social Transfers A. Prskawetz, B. Hammer, S. Spitzer Wednesday, 5 May, 2021 | 9:15 AM - 10:30 AM Session: Population Health of High-Risk and Hard-to-Reach Populations Life Expectancy of Roma and Travellers in Europe M. Luy Wednesday, 5 May, 2021 | 9:30 - 11:00 AM Poster Session: Aging and the Life Course; and Mortality and Morbidity Well-being Adjusted Health Expectancy—A New Summary Measure of Population Health M. Muszynska-Spielauer, M. Luy Wednesday, 5 May, 2021 | 1:15 - 2:45 PM  Poster Session: Applied Demography; Migration and Immigration; and Spatial and Environmental Demography  (Un)equally Prepared? Gender Differentials in Flood Preparedness in Brazil and Thailand  R. Guimaraes, R. Muttarak, R. Hoffmann, G. Guedes, A. Barbieri Wednesday, 5 May, 2021 | 4:00 - 5:15 PM  Session: Origin and Contextual Influences on Migration-Climate Connections Agricultural Livelihoods and Environmental Migration in Sub-Saharan Drylands: A Meta-Analytic Review R. Hoffmann, C. Wiederkehr, K. Hermans, A. Dimitrova Thursday, May 6, 2021 | 9:15 AM - 10:30 AM  Session: Debate and Innovation in Global Population and Health Methods and Metrics Uncertain Population Futures: Critical Reflections on the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) Scenarios of Future Fertility, Mortality, Migration, and Population Trends, 2017–2100 S. Gietel-Basten, T. Sobotka  Thursday, May 6, 2021 | 9:15 AM - 10:30 AM  Session: Migration and Aging  How Can Migration, Workforce Participation, and Education Balance the Cost of Aging in Europe? A. Belanger, G. Marois, W. Lutz Thursday, May 6, 2021 | 10:45 - 12:00 PM Session: Migration-Climate Research: Let’s Talk Methods Improving the Evidence Base on Climate Migration: Methodological Insights From Two Meta-Analyses B. Sedova, K. Vinke, R. Hoffmann Thursday, May 6, 2021 | 2:30 PM - 3:45 PM Session: Flash: Innovative Methods in Spatial and Environmental  Spatial Projections of Age-Structured Populations in India E. Striessnig, I. Setz, S. KC Friday, May 7, 2021 | 9:15 AM - 10:30 AM Session: Environmental and Climate Influences on Morbidity and Mortality  Population Change Meets Climate Change: Projecting the Future Health(care) Burden From Heat Waves in the Metropolitan Area of Vienna, Austria L. Courtney-Wolfman, R. Muttarak, R. Hoffmann, A-T. Renner, E. Striessnig Friday, May 7, 2021 | 1:00 PM - 2:15 PM  Session: Socioeconomic Status and Mortality in Europe Assessing Population Health on the Basis of Healthy Life Expectancy in 16 European Countries: Educational Inequalities and the Impact of the Population Structure M. Sauerberg Friday, May 7, 2021 | 2:30  - 3:45 PM Session: Environment and Population Behaviors  Voting for Tomorrow: Climate Change, Environmental Concerns, and Green Voting R. Hoffmann, R. Muttarak, J. Peisker, P. Stanig  
PAA Annual Meeting 2021, 05-08 May  
VID scientists present their research at the virtual Population Association of America Annual Meeting 2021.  
optimal lock-down policies  
Optimal lock-down policies: an OR approach We are able to show crucial differences if the two components (economic, health economic part) are weighted differently. Even two different optimal solutions at the same time are optimal in some cases. The analysis demonstrates that postponing the shut down by a few days has a huge influence on the optimal length of the shut down. Caulkins J, Grass D, Feichtinger G, Hartl R, Kort PM, Prskawetz A, et al. (2020) How long should the COVID-19 lockdown continue? PLoS ONE 15(12): e0243413. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0243413 Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, A. (2021) Schwedischer Weg oder chinesisches Modell? Modell-Berechnungen zeigen: Es gibt keine optimale Lockdown-Strategie (Demografische Forschung aus erster Hand 2021/1) Caulkins JP, Grass D, Feichtinger G, Hartl RF, Kort PM, Prskawetz A, Seidl A and Wrzaczek S (2021) The optimal lockdown intensity for COVID-19. Journal of Mathematical Economics 93 (Article 102489). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmateco.2021.102489 Team:  Stefan Wrzaczek,  Alexia Prskawetz,  Gustav Feichtinger Research Group:  Economic Demography Cooperation Partner:  International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) - Dieter Grass,  Institut für Business Decisions and Analytics, Universität Wien -  Richard Hartl, Andrea Seidl,  Department of Econometrics and Operations Research, Tilburg University - Peter Kort,  Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh - Jon Caulkins  
Unsere Publikationen  
Unsere Publikationen in englischer Sprache finden Sie hier. Informationen zu den Publikationen unserer Wissenschaftler* innen in internationalen wissenschaftlichen Fachjournalen finden Sie hier. Unsere Publikationen Demografische Forschung aus erster Hand In der „Demografische Forschung aus Erster Hand“ stellen wir Ihnen Studien vor, die einen Bezug zu Deutschland bzw. Österreich haben. Die erste Ausgabe für das Jahr 2021 widmet sich verschiedenen Aspekten der COVID-19 Pandemie. Dieser „Infoletter“ wird quartalsweise - sowohl im Druck als auch online - publiziert und ist kostenlos erhältlich. Es handelt sich um eine Kooperation des Vienna Institute of Demography (ÖAW) bzw. Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital mit dem Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung (Rostock), Institut für Soziologie und Demografie, Universität Rostock, Rostocker Zentrum zur Erforschung des Demografischen Wandels und dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung (Wiesbaden). 6. Österreichischer Familienbericht Das VID hat zum 6. Österreichischen Familienbericht "Neue Perspektiven – Familien als Fundament für ein lebenswertes Österreich"  www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/familienbericht   folgende Beiträge erstellt: „Demografische Entwicklung und derzeitiger Stand der Familienformen“ (pp. 65-143) „Der Generationenzusammenhalt“ (pp. 281-313) „Armutsgefährdung und soziale Ausgrenzung von Familien in Österreich“ (pp. 575-618) Diese Beiträge können  hier als PDF heruntergeladen werden. Weibliche Erwerbskarrieren Wien kennzeichnete innerhalb Österreichs lange Zeit die höchste Frauenerwerbstätigkeit, fiel in den letzten 20 Jahren jedoch im innerösterreichischen Vergleich zurück. Zugleich weist Wien nicht mehr die geringsten Fertilitätsraten Österreichs auf. Beide Entwicklungen gingen mit einem Anstieg der Zuwanderung und einer Transformation des Wiener Arbeitsmarkts einher. Vor diesem Hintergrund analysierte das Forschungsprojekt „WieFErt“  die weibliche Berufstätigkeit in Österreich und vor allem in Wien. Die Ergebnisse wurden in einer Online-Broschüre  aufbereitet. Die Studie zeigt die Entwicklung der Frauenerwerbstätigkeit in den letzten Jahrzehnten auf, identifiziert unterschiedliche Karrieretypen und analysiert den Bezug von Wochen- und Kinderbetreuungsgeld. Geburtenbarometer Das Geburtenbarometer („Birth Barometer“) beobachtet die Fertilität in Österreich. Es bietet aktuelle Daten, Grafiken und Analysen zu Fertilitätstrends in Österreich. Sechs Präsentationen geben einen Überblick über die Fertilität in Perioden- und Kohorten-Perspektive, das Timing der Fertilität, die Fertilität von Migrantinnen und die Fertilität von Männern sowie das Geburtenbarometer Wien. Die Daten sind zum Download verfügbar. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Das „Vienna Yearbook of Population Research (VYPR)“ ist ein jährlich erscheinendes Journal in englischer Sprache, welches vom Institut für Demographie der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften seit 2003 publiziert wird. Hier erscheinen von Experten begutachtete Forschungsartikel, die sich mit Bevölkerungstrends sowie einer großen Bandbreite an theoretischen sowie methodischen Themen der Bevölkerungsforschung beschäftigen. In Anlehnung an aktuelle wissenschaftliche Diskussionen im Bereich der Bevölkerungsforschung enthält auch das VYPR eingeladene Beiträge zu demographischen Debatten. Schließlich bilden Beiträge zu Daten & Trends langfristige Entwicklungen sowie jüngste Trends in verschiedenen Bereichen weltweiten Bevölkerungswandels ab. Seit 2010 widmen sich die Ausgaben des VYPR ausgewählten Schwerpunktthemen; so Ausgabe 17 (2019) der Bevölkerungsalterung und inter-generationeller Umverteilung („Population Ageing and Intergenerational Redistribution“) sowie Ausgabe 18 (2020) der Fertilität über Zeit und Raum („Fertility across Time and Space“). European Demographic Datasheet Das „European Demographic Data Sheet“ (EDS) betrachtet, erforscht und visualisiert jüngste Bevölkerungstrends in 45 Ländern. Seit 2006 wird es in 2-jährigem Rhythmus in englischer Sprache publiziert und ist online sowie als gedrucktes Poster verfügbar. Die online Version zeichnet sich durch eine erweiterte Auswahl von Karten und Tabellen sowie themen-spezifischen Texten und Graphiken aus. Das „European Demographic Datasheet 2020“ konzentriert sich insbesondere auf die Messung von Bildung, Wohlbefinden sowie internationaler Migration und untersucht jüngste Trends von Fertilität sowie Mortalität. Detailinformationen sowie Informationen zu weiteren Datasheets in englischer Sprache finden Sie hier .  
Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021  
Special issue on: Demographic Aspects of Human Wellbeing (Vol. 19) Guest editors: Sonja Spitzer, Vanessa Di Lego, Angela Greulich, Raya Muttarak Managing editor: Maria Winkler-Dworak The following list of papers does not yet contain all papers of the issue, but only those papers that have already been published online-first. Debate EU and UK targets for healthy life expectancy –are they achievable? Carol Jagger  Full text | Details Demography and well-being Andrew E. Clark Full text | Details WELLBYs, Cost-benefit analyses, and the Easterlin Discount Paul Frijters Full text | Details Research Articles Going Beyond GDP with a Parsimonious Indicator: Inequality-Adjusted Healthy Lifetime Income David E Bloom, Victoria Y Fan, Vadim Kufenko, Osondu Ogbuoji, Klaus Prettner, Gavin Yamey Full text | Details The Age U-shape in Europe: The Protective Role of Partnership Hippolyte d’Albis, Andrew Clark, Angela Greulich Full text | Details Well-being in Europe: Decompositions by country and gender for the population aged 50+ Claudia Reiter, Sonja Spitzer Full text | Details Details & Abstracts Debate EU and UK targets for healthy life expectancy – are they achievable? Carol Jagger (corresponding author), Newcastle University, Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.deb01 cite as: Jagger, C. 2020. "EU and UK targets for healthy life expectancy – are they achievable?" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 16.07.2020 Abstract: In 2008, the EU Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP-AHA) set a target of an increase of two healthy life years by 2020. More recently, in 2018, the UK Government set a target to “ensure people can enjoy at least 5 extra healthy, independent years of life by 2035, while narrowing the gap between the experience of the richest and poorest”. This paper reviews the progress the EU member states have made towards meeting this target, and what the UK can learn from their experiences. I conclude that, although the EU target is likely to be reached, the gap in healthy life years between the member states has increased. Past trends in and projections of disability-free life expectancy in England suggest that it will be difficult to achieve an increase of five healthy and independent years of life by 2035. Keywords: health expectancy; life expectancy; healthy life years; social inequality; European Union PDF Demography and well-being Andrew E. Clark, Paris School of Economics - CNRS, Paris, France Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.deb02 cite as: Clark, A.E. 2021. "Demography and well-being" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 21.01.2021 Abstract: Demography studies the characteristics of populations. One such characteristic iswell-being: this was the subject of the 2019 Wittgenstein Conference. Here, I discusshow objective well-being domains can be summarised to produce an overall well-being score, and how taking self-reported (subjective) well-being into account mayhelp in this effort. But given that there is more than one type of subjective well-being score, we would want to know which one is “best”. We would also need todecide whose well-being counts, or counts more than that of others. Finally, I brieflymention the potential role of adaptation and social comparisons in the calculationof societal well-being.Keywords:subjective well-being; demography; measurement; policy PDF WELLBYs, Cost-benefit analyses, and the Easterlin Discount Paul Frijters, Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics. London, UK Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.deb04 cite as: Frijters, P. 2021. "WELLBYs, Cost-benefit analyses, and the Easterlin Discount" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 09.03.2021 Abstract: The current practise of cost-benefit analysis in Western countries consists of a collec-tion of various incompatible ideas and methodologies to obtain replicable numbersfor the costs and benefits of major public spending plans. This paper describesthe main elements of the dominant methodology, which combines consumer andproducer surplus, price-taking, government-inputs-as-outputs, hedonic pricing ofexternalities, and the issue-specific use of partial or general equilibrium thinking.The paper then discusses how that methodology can be augmented and partiallyreplaced by looking at how prospective policies would change the total number ofWELLBYs (life satisfaction-adjusted years of life) of the population. The abilityof the WELLBY methodology to address complex externalities is illustrated by theEasterlin Discount, which is a proposed reduction factor of 75% on all estimates ofprivate consumption benefits to offset the envy caused in others.Keywords:cost-effectiveness; wellbeing; consumer surplus; Easterlin Discount;public advocacy PDF Research Articles Going Beyond GDP with a Parsimonious Indicator: Inequality-Adjusted Healthy Lifetime Income David E. Bloom, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA Victoria Y. Fan, University of Hawai’i at M ̄anoa, Office of Public Health Studies, Myron B. Thompson School ofSocial Work, Honolulu, HI, USA Vadim Kufenko, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany Osondu Ogbuoji, Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA Klaus Prettner (corresponding author), Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria, Vienna Institute of Demography (OeAW), Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria Gavin Yamey, Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res1.1 cite as: Bloom, D. E.,  Fan V.Y., Kufenko, V., Ogbuoji, O., Prettner, K., Yamey, G. 2021. "Going Beyond GDP with a Parsimonious Indicator: Inequality-Adjusted Healthy Lifetime Income" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 9.3.2021 Abstract: Per capita GDP has limited use as a well-being indicator because it does not capture many dimensions that imply a “good life”, such as health and equality of opportunity. However, per capita GDP has the virtues of being easy to interpret and to calculate with manageable data requirements. Against this backdrop, there is a need for a measure of well-being that preserves the advantages of per capita GDP, but also includes health and equality. We propose a new parsimonious indicator to fill this gap, and calculate it for 149 countries. This new indicator could be particularly useful in complementing standard well-being indicators during theCOVID-19 pandemic. This is because (i) COVID-19 predominantly affects older adults beyond their prime working ages whose mortality and morbidity do not strongly affect GDP, and (ii) COVID-19 is known to have large effects on inequality in many countries. Keywords:beyond GDP; well-being; health; inequality; human development;lifetime income; COVID-19 PDF The Age U-shape in Europe: The Protective Role of Partnership Andrew E. Clark, Paris School of Economics – CNRS, Paris, France Hippolyte d’Albis (corresponding author), Paris School of Economics – CNRS, Paris, France Angela Greulich, Sciences Po – OSC, Paris, France Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res3.1 cite as: Clark, A. E., d'Albis, H., Greulich, A. 2021. "The Age U-shape in Europe: The Protective Role of Partnership" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 9.3.2021 Abstract: In this study, we ask whether the U-shaped relationship between life satisfaction and age is flatter for individuals who are partnered. An analysis of cross-sectional EU-SILC data indicates that the decline in life satisfaction from the teens to the fifties is almost four times larger for non-partnered than for partnered individuals, whose life satisfaction essentially follows a slight downward trajectory with age. However, the same analysis applied to three panel datasets (BHPS, SOEP and HILDA) reveals a U-shape for both groups, albeit somewhat flatter for the partnered than for the non-partnered individuals. We suggest that the difference between the cross-sectional and the panel results reflects compositional effects: i.e., there is a significant shift of the relatively dissatisfied out of marriage in mid-life. These compositional effects tend to flatten the U-shape in age for the partnered individuals in the cross-sectional data. Keywords: life satisfaction; life cycle; partnership; marriage PDF Well-being in Europe: Decompositions by country and gender for the population aged 50+ Claudia Reiter, Department of Demography, University of Vienna, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and GlobalHuman Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria Sonja Spitzer (corresponding author), Department of Demography, University of Vienna, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and GlobalHuman Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna), Vienna, Austria The authors are listed in alphabetical order with equal contributions. Journal: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research Volume: 19, 2021, pages (tbd - online-first) Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2021.res4.1 cite as: Reiter, C., Spitzer, S. 2021. "Well-being in Europe: Decompositions by country and gender for the population aged 50+" Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2021 (Volume 19): (tbd - online-first). first online: 9.3.2021 Abstract: The well-being of older Europeans is of increasing importance given the substantial ageing of the population. This paper comprehensively analyses well-being for the population aged 50+in 26 European countries, using the newly proposed indicator “Years of Good Life” (YoGL), which measures the remaining years of life that an individual can expect to live in a “good” state. The indicator enables the decomposition of well-being into various dimensions, there by revealing important heterogeneities between regions and genders. Results show that numbers of YoGL at age 50 vary considerably between European countries. They are highest in Northern and Western European countries and lowest in Central and Eastern European countries, where many “good” years are lost due to low life satisfaction. Interestingly, the high life expectancy levels in Southern Europe do not translate into higher numbers of YoGL, mainly due to the low levels of physical and cognitive health in this region. While women and men can expect to have similar numbers of YoGL, women are likely to spend a smaller proportion of their longer remaining lifetime in a good state. These results demonstrate the importance of using well-being indicators that consider population heterogeneity when measuring humanwell-being, especially for older populations. Keywords: well-being; population 50+; Europe; SHARE data; Sullivan’s method,cross-country analysis PDF  
monitoring the fraction of people ever infected  
An indirect method to monitor the fraction of people ever infected with COVID-19: an application to the United States In this paper, we propose a complementary approach that combines estimated (1) infection fatality rates (IFR) using a Bayesian melding SEIR model with (2) reported case-fatality rates (CFR) in order to indirectly estimate the fraction of people ever infected (from the total population) and detected (from the ever infected). Our approach can be a valuable tool that complements seroprevalence studies and indicates how efficient have testing policies been since the beginning of the outbreak. NOTE:  Although the paper published focuses on the US, the model can be used for any country and hence we have also applied it to Austria. Sánchez-Romero M, di Lego V, Prskawetz A, L. Queiroz B (2021) An indirect method to monitor the fraction of people ever infected with COVID-19: An application to the United States. PLoS ONE 16(1): e0245845. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0245845 Team:  Vanessa Di Lego,  Miguel Sanchez-Romero,  Alexia Prskawetz Research Group:   Economic Demography,  Health & Longevity Cooperation Partner:  Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Cedeplar, Brazil - Bernardo L Queiroz  
COVID-19 related research at VID  
WIC Conference 2020: Demographic Aspects of the COVID-19 Pandemic and its Consequences Vienna, 30 Nov - 1 Dec, 2020 The COVID-19 pandemic is causing serious health, social and economic challenges, several of which are directly related to demographic factors. While the initial efforts focus on slowing the spread of the pandemic and mitigating its immediate impact, significant demography-related consequences are expected in the longer term. Researchers at the Vienna Institute of Demography (Austrian Academy of Sciences) address the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences from various scientific perspectives. Consequences of COVID-19 pandemic for births and fertility trends Tomas Sobotka, Zuzanna Brzozowska,  Maria Winkler-Dworak (Fertility and Family, Economic Demography) Past evidence suggests that in uncertain times fertility plans are often postponed or abandoned. The COVID-19 pandemic has brought massive level of disruption to our lives. As a result, high-income countries, many of which experienced very low and declining fertility already in the pre-pandemic era, are likely to see a sizeable decline in the number of births. more An indirect method to monitor the fraction of people ever infected with COVID-19: an application to the United States Vanessa Di Lego,  Miguel Sanchez-Romero,  Alexia Prskawetz (Economic Demography, Health & Longevity) The number of COVID-19 infections is key for accurately monitoring the pandemics. However, due to differential testing policies, asymptomatic individuals and limited large-scale testing availability, it is challenging to detect all cases. Seroprevalence studies aim to address this gap by retrospectively assessing the number of infections, but they can be expensive and time-intensive, limiting their use to specific population subgroups. more How to distribute the jabs: coordinating lockdowns and the allocation of scarce COVID vaccines Stefan Wrzaczek,  Alexia Prskawetz, Miguel Sanchez-Romero, Gustav Feichtinger (Economic Demography) We take an established SIR epidemiological model with different risk groups (working people and people in retirement) and value the development of the epidemics in economic and in health economics terms. more News from the front: Estimation of excess mortality and life expectancy in the major epicenters of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy Markus Sauerberg (Health & Longevity) In this research, we investigate the impact of COVID-19 on mortality levels and trends in the most severely hit Italian provinces (Bergamo, Brescia, Cremona, Lodi, and Piacenza). Instead of relying on the number of COVID-19 tested deaths, which is likely to be underreported, we focus on reliable administrative all-cause mortality data obtained from the Italian Statistical Office (ISTAT).  more Demographics of COVID-19 Deaths Markus Sauerberg (Health & Mortality)  The number of COVID-19 deaths varies substantially between countries and researchers are trying to dig out the underlying reasons for the observed country differentials. Comparing COVID-19 deaths across countries is challenging, however, because of differences in testing coverage and disparities in the definition of COVID-19 mortality. The aim of this project is therefore to create and maintain a comprehensive database providing not only COVID-19 death counts, but also the corresponding metadata, i.e., detailed information about the data collection procedure. It is an international project which operates through the collaboration of several researchers who provide the data for the different countries. Markus Sauerberg covers the part for Austria. more COVID-19 vulnerability index for Austrian municipalities Leora Courtney-Wolfman, Roman Hoffmann (Migration, Education and Environment) A variety of factors can influence individual vulnerability amid the COVID 19 pandemic. Vulnerable groups are not only the elderly or those with a weak health condition and comorbidities, but also socioeconomically disadvantaged groups who might struggle to cope with the consequences of the crisis. Measuring and mapping vulnerability is important to inform health authorities and policy makers and to enable them to develop adequate responses.  more Risk perception in the US based on PEW data Leora Courtney-Wolfman, Roman Hoffmann (Migration, Education and Environment) Risk perceptions, which are strongly influenced by a person’s social background and education, are an important behavioral factor influencing individual responses in times of distress or in emergency situations. Better understanding how perceptions are formed and what their underlying determinants are is important to more effectively prepare populations for future health crises. more Gender differences in COVID-19 pandemic in Europe Tomas Sobotka, Zuzanna Brzozowska,  Vanessa di Lego (Fertility and Family, Health & Longevity) COVID-19 deaths are unequally distributed by gender: men dominate the statistics of deaths and have much higher case fatality rate than women. This contrasts with a slight female dominance in the reported number of COVID-19 cases in most countries in Europe. more How many lives can be saved? A global view on the impact of testing, herd immunity and demographics on COVID-19 fatality rates Vanessa Di Lego, Miguel Sanchez-Romero, Alexia Prskawetz (Economic Demography, Health & Longevity) We identify the role of demographics (population size and population age distribution) on COVID-19 fatality rates and quantify the maximum number of lives that can be saved according to different testing strategies, different levels of herd immunity, and specific population characteristics. more Optimally controlling a pandemic across networks Michael Freiberger, Michael Kuhn, Stefan Wrzaczek (Economic Demography) There are strong differences in the extent to which different groups of the population - by region, age, predisposition, occupation) - are affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. In this project we explore how testing and social distancing policies should optimally accommodate the differences across such "population clusters" or networks. more Modelling human-environment interaction under the risk of zoonosis Michael Kuhn, Stefan Wrzaczek (Economic Demography) The COVID19 pandemic has clearly exposed the risk of the transmission of pathogens from animal populations to human populations, a risk that is prone to magnify with the further exploitation of the natural environment. In this project, we explore by way of mathematical modelling the human-environment interaction under the risk of pathogen transmission. more Optimal lock-down policies: an OR approach Stefan Wrzaczek,  Alexia Prskawetz,  Gustav Feichtinger (Economic Demography) We take an established SIR epidemiological model and value the development of the epidemics in economic and in health economics terms. Based on this model we derive the optimal begin and the optimal length of the current shut down. more Assessing the macroeconomic burden of COVID19 Michael Kuhn (Economic Demography) Up to now the COVID-19 pandemic, together with severe social distancing measures for keeping it at bay, have already caused an enormous macroeconomic burden. More worryingly, how long this burden may stretch into the future remains unclear. In this project, we calculate the macroeconomic burden of COVID-19 for a large number of countries and scenarios about the progression of the pandemic. more Coming to grips with a viral macroeconomic literature on COVID19 Michael Kuhn (Economic Demography) Matching the unprecedented speed at which COVID19 has spread across the globe, a literature is emerging that deals with the economic repercussions of the pandemic. We provide a timely review of this literature together with the extant literature on infectious diseases and summarize the key insights for successfully managing the economic consequences of the pandemic. more COVID-19 tracker Zuzanna Brzozowska (Fertility and Family) COVID-19 tracker displays time-series of selected indicators for selected countries in comparative perspective. The tracker shows total cases, new cases, deaths, and derived relative indicators. more  
Consequences of COVID-19 pandemic for births and fertility trends  
Consequences of COVID-19 pandemic for births and fertility trends This joint project with the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock aims to analyse short- and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the trends in the number of births and fertility rates in high-income countries with good quality of vital statistics data. We will focus on the following issues: Monitoring early impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on monthly birth trends. This includes a creation of a new open access database of Short-Term Fertility Fluctuations (STFF database), embedded in the Human Fertility Database Analysing short-term impact of COVID-19 pandemic on birth trends, fertility level and timing Analysing longer-term consequences of COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing economic disruption on fertility Analysing joint impact of declining fertility, excess mortality and reduced migration on population trends, especially population decline and depopulation We will relate the indicators of pandemic severity, non-pharmaceutical interventions (e.g. reduced mobility, lockdowns and school closures) and their economic consequences to changes in birth and fertility rates. We will consider short-term fertility shocks and estimate monthly trends in fertility rates across high-income countries. Furthermore, we will study how longer-term fertility responses differ by age, birth order, education and migrant origin. STFF Website STFF Database + Visualisation Tool Report (Preprint): Sobotka, T., Jasilioniene, A., Galarza, A. A., Zeman, K., Nemeth, L., & Jdanov, D. (2021, March 24). Baby bust in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic? First results from the new STFF data series. https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/mvy62   „In manchen Ländern sind die Geburten­zahlen regelrecht abgestürzt“ - Interview with Tomáš Sobotka (21.4.2021, German language) Team at VID:  Tomas Sobotka,  Zuzanna Brzozowska,  Maria Winkler-Dworak Research Groups:  Fertility and Family, Economic Demography Cooperation Partners:  Department of Demography, University of Vienna - Krystof Zeman, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR), Rostock - Dmitri Jdanov, Ainhoa Alustiza Galarza, Aiva Jasilioniene, Laszlo Nemeth