Literature / further reading

Updated by Viktor Bruckman on March 24, 2014

Alexis, M. A., D. P. Rasse, et al. (2012). "Evolution of soil organic matter after prescribed fire: A 20-year chronosequence." Geoderma 189-190(0): 98-107.

Barrow, C. J. (2012). "Biochar: Potential for countering land degradation and for improving agriculture." Applied Geography 34(0): 21-28.

Brodowski, S., W. Amelung, et al. (2007). "Black carbon contribution to stable humus in German arable soils." Geoderma 139(1-2): 220-228.

Bruun, E. W., P. Ambus, et al. (2012). "Effects of slow and fast pyrolysis biochar on soil C and N turnover dynamics." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 46(0): 73-79.

Bruun, E. W., H. Hauggaard-Nielsen, et al. (2011). "Influence of fast pyrolysis temperature on biochar labile fraction and short-term carbon loss in a loamy soil." Biomass and Bioenergy 35(3): 1182-1189.

Calvelo Pereira, R., J. Kaal, et al
. (2011). "Contribution to characterisation of biochar to estimate the labile fraction of carbon." Organic Geochemistry 42(11): 1331-1342.

Case, S. D. C., N. P. McNamara, et al. (2012). "The effect of biochar addition on N2O and CO2 emissions from a sandy loam soil - The role of soil aeration." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 51(0): 125-134.

Clough, T. J. and L. M. Condron (2010). "Biochar and the Nitrogen Cycle: Introduction." J. Environ. Qual. 39(4): 1218-1223.

de Melo Carvalho, M. T., de Holanda Nunes Maia, A., et al. (2014). "Biochar increases plant available water in a sandy soil under an aerobic rice cropping system" Solid Earth Discuss., 6, 887-917, doi:10.5194/sed-6-887-2014

Downie, A. E., L. Van Zwieten, et al. (2011). "Terra Preta Australis: Reassessing the carbon storage capacity of temperate soils." Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 140(1-2): 137-147.

Duku, M. H., S. Gu, et al. (2011). "Biochar production potential in Ghana—A review." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15(8): 3539-3551.

Fabbri, D., A. G. Rombola, et al. "Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in biochar and biochar amended soil." Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis(0).

Freddo, A., C. Cai, et al. (2012). "Environmental contextualisation of potential toxic elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in biochar." Environmental Pollution 171(0): 18-24.

Galinato, S. P., J. K. Yoder, et al. (2011). "The economic value of biochar in crop production and carbon sequestration." Energy Policy 39(10): 6344-6350.

Glaser, B., J. Lehmann, et al. (2002). "Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal – a review." Biology and Fertility of Soils 35(4): 219-230.

Jeffery, S., F. G. A. Verheijen, et al. (2011). "A quantitative review of the effects of biochar application to soils on crop productivity using meta-analysis." Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 144(1): 175-187.

Jiang, T.-Y., J. Jiang, et al.
(2012). "Adsorption of Pb(II) on variable charge soils amended with rice-straw derived biochar." Chemosphere 89(3): 249-256.

Jones, D. L., J. Rousk, et al. (2012). "Biochar-mediated changes in soil quality and plant growth in a three year field trial." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 45(0): 113-124.

Joseph, S. D., M. Camps-Arbestain, et al. (2010). "An investigation into the reactions of biochar in soil." Soil Research 48(7): 501-515.

Joseph, S. D., A. Downie, et al. (2007). Biochar for Carbon Sequestration, Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Enhancement of Soil Fertility; A Review of the Materials Science. Australian Combustion Symposium, Sydney, The University of Sydney.

Kameyama, K., Y. Shinogi, et al. (2010). "Estimation of net carbon sequestration potential with farmland application of bagasse charcoal: life cycle inventory analysis through a pilot sugarcane bagasse carbonisation plant." Soil Research 48(7): 586-592.

Karhu, K., T. Mattila, et al. (2011). "Biochar addition to agricultural soil increased CH4 uptake and water holding capacity - Results from a short-term pilot field study." Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 140(1-2): 309-313.

Kim, K. H., J.-Y. Kim, et al.
(2012). "Influence of pyrolysis temperature on physicochemical properties of biochar obtained from the fast pyrolysis of pitch pine (Pinus rigida)." Bioresource Technology 118(0): 158-162.

Kleiner, K. (2009). "The bright prospect of biochar." Nature reports climate change 03: 72-74.

Knicker, H. (2011). "Pyrogenic organic matter in soil: Its origin and occurrence, its chemistry and survival in soil environments." Quaternary International 243(2): 251-263.

Koide, R. T., K. Petprakob, et al
. (2011). "Quantitative analysis of biochar in field soil." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43(7): 1563-1568.

Kookana, R. S. (2010). "The role of biochar in modifying the environmental fate, bioavailability, and efficacy of pesticides in soils: a review." Soil Research 48(7): 627-637.

Laird, D. A., P. Fleming, et al. (2010). "Impact of biochar amendments on the quality of a typical Midwestern agricultural soil." Geoderma 158(3-4): 443-449.

Lehmann, J., J. Gaunt, et al. (2006). "Bio-char Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems- A Review." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11(2): 395-419.

Lehmann, J., M. C. Rillig, et al. (2011). "Biochar effects on soil biota - A review." Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43(9): 1812-1836.

Luo, Y., M. Durenkamp, et al. (2011). "Short term soil priming effects and the mineralisation of biochar following its incorporation to soils of different pH." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43(11): 2304-2314.

Masek, O., P. Brownsort, et al. (2013). "Influence of production conditions on the yield and environmental stability of biochar." Fuel 103(0): 151-155.

Mathews, J. A. (2008). "Carbon-negative biofuels." Energy Policy 36(3): 940-945.

Matovic, D. (2011). "Biochar as a viable carbon sequestration option: Global and Canadian perspective." Energy 36(4): 2011-2016.

McElligott, K. (2011). Biochar amendments to forest soils: Effects on soil properties and tree growth. College of Graduate Studies. Idaho, University of Idaho. Msc.-Thesis: 103pp.

McElligott, K., M. Coleman, et al. (2011). The Effects of Biochar on Forest Soil Chemical Properties and Tree Growth. 2011 IFTNC Annual Meeting, Moscow, Idaho, University of Idaho.

Mueller, N. D., J. S. Gerber, et al. (2012). "Closing yield gaps through nutrient and water management." Nature 490(7419): 254-257.

Nguyen, B. T. and J. Lehmann
(2009). "Black carbon decomposition under varying water regimes." Organic Geochemistry 40(8): 846-853.

Nocentini, C., G. Certini, et al. (2010). "Nature and reactivity of charcoal produced and added to soil during wildfire are particle-size dependent." Organic Geochemistry 41(7): 682-689.

Ogawa, M. and Y. Okimori
(2010). "Pioneering works in biochar research, Japan." Soil Research 48(7): 489-500.

Oezcimen, D. and A. Ersoy-Mericboyu (2010). "Characterization of biochar and bio-oil samples obtained from carbonization of various biomass materials." Renewable Energy 35(6): 1319-1324.

Singh, B., B. P. Singh, et al.
(2010). "Characterisation and evaluation of biochars for their application as a soil amendment." Soil Research 48(7): 516-525.

Smith, J. L., H. P. Collins, et al. (2010). "The effect of young biochar on soil respiration." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42(12): 2345-2347.

Sohi, S., E. Lopez-Capel, et al. (2009). Biochar, climate change and soil: A review to guide future research. CSIRO Land and Water Science Report series 05/09, CSIRO: 64pp.

Sohi, S. P. (2012). "Carbon Storage with Benefits." Science 338(6110): 1034-1035.

Spokas, K. A., W. C. Koskinen, et al. (2009). "Impacts of woodchip biochar additions on greenhouse gas production and sorption/degradation of two herbicides in a Minnesota soil." Chemosphere 77(4): 574-581.

Steinbeiss, S., G. Gleixner, et al. (2009). "Effect of biochar amendment on soil carbon balance and soil microbial activity." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41(6): 1301-1310.

Torres-Rojas, D., J. Lehmann, et al. (2011). "Biomass availability, energy consumption and biochar production in rural households of Western Kenya." Biomass and Bioenergy 35(8): 3537-3546.

Whitman, T. and J. Lehmann (2009). "Biochar—One way forward for soil carbon in offset mechanisms in Africa?" Environmental Science & Policy 12(7): 1024-1027.

Woolf, D., J. E. Amonette, et al. (2010). "Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change." Nat Commun 1: 56.

Xing, W., C. Liu, et al.
(2012). "Superior CO2 uptake of N-doped activated carbon through hydrogen-bonding interaction." Energy & Environmental Science 5(6): 7323-7327.

Yao, Y., B. Gao, et al. (2012). "Effect of biochar amendment on sorption and leaching of nitrate, ammonium, and phosphate in a sandy soil." Chemosphere 89(11): 1467-1471.

Yoder, J., S. Galinato, et al. (2011). "Economic tradeoff between biochar and bio-oil production via pyrolysis." Biomass and Bioenergy 35(5): 1851-1862.

Yu, X.-Y., C.-L. Mu, et al. (2011). "Impact of woodchip biochar amendment on the sorption and dissipation of pesticide acetamiprid in agricultural soils." Chemosphere 85(8): 1284-1289.

Zimmerman, A. R., B. Gao, et al. (2011). "Positive and negative carbon mineralization priming effects among a variety of biochar-amended soils." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43(6): 1169-1179.