PhysicsWorld has selected two publications by Stefan Rotter and his team that were published in Nature and Science among the top 10 breakthroughs of 2022

Perfecting light transmission and absorption

To a team led by Stefan Rotter of Austria’s Technical University of Vienna and Matthieu Davy of the University of Rennes in France for creating an anti-reflection structure that enables perfect transmission through complex media; along with a collaboration headed up by Rotter and Ori Katz from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel, for developing an “anti-laser” that enables any material to absorb all light from a wide range of angles.

In the first investigation, the researchers designed an anti-reflection layer that’s mathematically optimized to match the way waves would reflect from the front surface of an object. Placing this structure in front of a randomly disordered medium completely eliminates reflections and makes the object translucent to all incoming light waves.

In the second study, the team developed a coherent perfect absorber, based around a set of mirrors and lenses, that traps incoming light inside a cavity. Due to precisely calculated interference effects, the incident beam interferes with the beam reflected back between the mirrors, so that the reflected beam is almost completely extinguished. 

Article: https://physicsworld.com/a/physics-world-reveals-its-top-10-breakthroughs-of-the-year-for-2022/

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 801110.

ESQ has received funding from the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (BMBWF).



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