VLACH symbols for Meglen Vlach

IPA  listen  VLACH phonetic descriptionexample (translation)
aAanear-open central unroundedcá (house)
bBbvoiced bilabial plosivebag (I put)
çHʲhʲvoiceless palatal fricativeári, ári, ári (gall)
ɕŚśvoiceless alveolo-palatal sibilantśóră (sun)
dDdvoiced alveolar plosivedínti (tooth)
ðΔδvoiced dental fricativeδorḙán (for free) Gr.
d͡zʣʣvoiced alveolar sibilant affricateʣḙána (at the top)
d͡ʒDždžvoiced palato-alveolar affricateam (glass)
d̠͡ʑDźdźvoiced alveolo-palatal affricateḙána (at the top)
eEeclose-mid front unrounded vowelmeš (months)
əĂămid central vowel cásă (house); lnă (wool) Ts.
ɛƐɛopen-mid front unrounded vowelfέti (girls)
fFfvoiceless labiodental fricativeáflu (finds)
ɡGgvoiced velar plosivegúvă (whole)
hHhvoiceless glottal fricativehránă (food)
iIiclose front unrounded voweldínti (tooth)
ɪɪɪnear-close near-front unroundeddέdɪ (he/she gave)
--- Ĭĭpalatal semi-vowelĭa (bath), ĭéstɪ (he/she is)
jJjpalatal approximantjo (I)
kCcvoiceless velar plosivecásă (house)
 Kʲkʲvoiceless palatal plosiveári (he/she loses)
lLlalveolar lateral approximantlup (wolf), laf (word)
ɫⱢɫvelarized alveolar lateral approx.ɫup (wolf) ind.
ʎLʲlʲpalatal lateral approximantépur (rabbit)
mMmbilabial nasalmári (big)
nNnalveolar nasalnári (nose)
ɲƝɲpalatal nasalăɲgʲós (below)
oOoclose-mid back rounded vowelfoc (fire)
ɔƆɔopen-mid back rounded vowellɔ́nă (wool); rușɔ́ni (shame)
pPpvoiceless bilabial plosivelu(wolf)
rRralveolar trillráʦi (cold)
sSsvoiceless alveolar sibilantsóră (sun)
ʃŠšvoiceless palato-alveolar sibilantúšă (door)
tTtvoiceless alveolar plosivetétă (aunt)
t͡sʦʦvoiceless alveolar sibilant affricate ʦap (he-goat)
t͡ʃČčvoiceless palato-alveolar affricatefičór (boy)
t̠͡ɕĆćvoiceless alveolo-palatal affricatefićór (boy)
uUuclose back rounded vowelburíc (heart, stomach)
vVvvoiced labiodental fricativeváli (valley)
wŬŭvoiced labio-velar approximantnḙáŭă (snow) ind.
χvoiceless uvular fricativeχránă (food) ind., Gr.
zZzvoiced alveolar sibilantzắʦi (he/she says)
ʑŹźvoiced alveolo-palatal sibilantźuníćă (row); źoc (dance)
ʒŽžvoiced palato-alveolar sibilantžuníʦă (row); žoc (dance)
 
Diphthongs and triphthongs
aiai̭ăngʲisái̭ (I dreamt)
auaṷgáṷ(whole)
eaḙaspunḙá (he/she was saying); fḙá (the girl)
eiei̭vidéi̭ (you saw)
iai̭abi̭a(he/she drunk)
iei̭evi̭éz (you see); ʦăni̭ém (we hold)
eueṷvidéṷ (they saw)
oao̭adármi (he/she is sleeping); árbă (blind); sácră (mother in law)
oioi̭dṷói̭lę̀ (the two); cɔ́ni (dog); pɔ́ni (bread)
uaṷalá(taken); sácră (mother in law)
uo  ṷoóm (person); fičór (boy)
uoi  ṷoi̭  dói̭li  (the two)

 

Abbreviations
Gr.in Greek loanwords only
ind.  individual pronouncation
Ts.Tsrnareca variety