VLACH symbols for Aromanian

IPA  listen  VLACH phonetic descriptionexample (translation)
aAanear-open central unroundedcá (house)
bBbvoiced bilabial plosivebag (I put)
cKʲkʲvoiceless palatal plosiveári (he/she loses)
çHʲhʲvoiceless palatal fricativeári, ári (gall)
ɕŚśvoiceless alveolo-palatal sibilantind. úśă (door)
dDdvoiced alveolar plosivedínti (tooth)
ðΔδvoiced dental fricativelíγδă (animal fat)
d͡zʣʣvoiced alveolar sibilant affricateʣe̯ána (at the top)
d͡ʒDždžvoiced palato-alveolar affricatebiliíc (bracelet)
d͡ʑDźdźvoiced alveolo-palatal affricatee̯ána (at the top)
eEeclose-mid front unrounded vowelmeš (months)
əĂămid central vowel cásă (house)
ɛƐɛopen-mid front unrounded vowelr. pέni (bread)
fFfvoiceless labiodental fricativeáflu (find)
ɟGʲgʲvoiced palatal plosiveáʦă (ice)
gGgvoiced velar plosivegrec (Greek)
ɣΓγvoiced velar fricativeaγónʲa (fast)
hHhvoiceless glottal fricativereg. hránă (food)
iIiclose front unrounded voweldínti (tooth)
ɪɪɪnear-close near-front unroundedĭástɪ (he/she is)
j---Ĭĭpalatal semi-vowelĭástɪ (he/she is)
jJjpalatal approximantjo (I)
ʲ ʲpalatalization of previous soundkʲári (he/she loses), gʲíză (cottage cheese)
ʝΓʲγʲvoiced palatal fricativeγʲíngʲ (twenty)
kCcvoiceless velar plosivecásă (house)
lLlalveolar lateral approximantlup (wolf)
ɫⱢɫvelarized alveolar lateral approx.ind., reg. ɫup (wolf)
ʎLʲlʲpalatal lateral approximanthʲíu (son)
mMmbilabial nasalmári (big)
nNnalveolar nasalnári (nose)
ɲNʲnʲpalatal nasalarmî́ (Aromanians)
ŋŊŋ Nnvelar nasalăɲgʲós (below)
oOo(close-)mid back rounded vowelfoc (fire)
ɔɔƆopen-mid back rounded vowelr. ùn-ɔ́ra (a time)
ɤÎîclose-mid back unrounded a. pî́ni (bread)
pPpvoiceless bilabial plosivelup (wolf)
rRralveolar trillráʦi (cold)
ʀƦʀuvular fricative or trillr. ʀáʦi (cold)
sSsvoiceless alveolar sibilantsă (house)
ʃŠšvoiceless palato-alveolar sibilantúšă (door)
tTtvoiceless alveolar plosivetétă (aunt)
θΘθvoiceless dental fricativeθi (every)
t͡sʦʦvoiceless alveolar sibilant affricate ʦap (he-goat)
t͡ʃČčvoiceless palato-alveolar affricatefičór (boy)
t̠͡ɕĆćvoiceless alveolo-palatal affricateind., reg. fićór (boy)
uUuclose back rounded vowelbun (good)
  omᵘ (man)
vVvvoiced labiodental fricativeváli (valley)
wWwvoiced labio-velar approximantneáwă (snow)
χvoiceless uvular fricativereg. χránă (food)
zZzvoiced alveolar sibilantχázi (joke, pleasure)
ʑŹźvoiced alveolo-palatal sibilantind., reg. źuźunár (cicada)
ʒŽžvoiced palato-alveolar sibilantžužunár (cicada)
 
Abbreviations
a.armîneášti (Southern varieties: Pindus, Gramos et al.)
r.ʀămănέšti (Northern varieties: Farsherot)
ind.individual
reg. regional (diverse)