VLACH symbol for German varieties

VLACH uses the following system for the transcription of German dialects. It is based on rules of standard German pronunciation and add missing phonemes from IPA. The following is based on our Sathmar Swabian collection. Further symbols will be introduced after incorporating other collections.                                                          

IPA  listen  VLACHphonetic descriptionexample (translation)
aAanear-open central unrounded vowelNáma (name)
bBbvoiced bilabial plosivebléiba(to stay)
cK'k'voiceless palatal plosiveK'irche (church)
çChchvoiceless palatal fricativeich (I)
dDdvoiced alveolar plosiveDuárf (village)
eEe(close-)mid front unrounded vowelÉltera (parent)
əƏəmid central unrounded vowelSchóugə(brother in law)
ɛƐɛopen-mid front unrounded vowelschwεtzt (speaks)
Mädla (girl)
fFfvoiceless labiodental fricativeuf (on)
ɡGgvoiced velar plosivegrába (to burrow)
hHhvoiceless glottal fricativehɔt (had)
iIiclose front unrounded vowelischt (is)
jĬĭpalatal approximantgsaĭ (my/mine)
ʝꞲʝvoiced palatal fricativeJɔ́r (year)
kKkvoiceless velar plosivekómma (to come)
lLlalveolar lateral approximantlang (long)
mMmbilabial nasalMuátter (mother)
nNnalveolar nasalnna kén(to know)
ŋŊŋvelar nasaleŋg (narrow)
o (ɔ)Oo(close-)mid back rounded vowelgnómmagnóma (took)
ɔƆɔopen-mid back rounded vowelschwɔ́bisch  (Swabian)
   offenes öxxx ()
   geschlossenes öFö́geleVö́gele (bird)
pPpvoiceless bilabial plosiveSpekßpek (pork fat)
rRralveolar trill or tapstarkschtark (strong)
ʁʁʁvoiced uvular fricativeind. staʁk (strong)
s (s̠)Ssvoiceless alveolar sibilantschiesa schieß(to shoot)
ʃSch schvoiceless palato-alveolar sibilantschlägt (strikes)
tTtvoiceless alveolar plosiveTaits Taitz Taiz(German)
t͡sTz tzvoiceless alveolar sibilant affricateschwétzaschwéza (to speak)
t͡ʃTsch tschvoiceless palato-alveolar affricateMentsch (human)
uUuclose back rounded vowelNóchbau (neighbour)
vWwvoiced labiodental fricativertzhaus Wírtshaus (inn)
wŬŭvoiced labio-velar approximantŭra (peasant)
xCh chvoiceless velar fricativechzeit Hóchtzait (wedding)
but: ich?
yÜüclose front rounded vowelübernómma (to take)
zZz Ss?voiced alveolar sibilantsáufa záufa (to drink)
 
ABBREVIATIONS
SaSw    Sathmar Swabian