Human capital loosely speaking includes all attributes corresponding to any stock of knowledge or characteristics of the population in the working force. Hence religion is relevant especially since the role of religion is currently a topic of considerable public interest, particularly across Europe.

Several projects address the issue of religion through the lens of religious demography:

Austria has been strongly affected by the increased influx of asylum seekers in recent years, and the events of the refugee crisis of 2015 magnified an already focused attention on the Muslim population. However, 2001 is the last year for that data on the religious denomination of the population in Austria are available as Austria moved in 2011 to a complete register-based census, not releasing data on religious affiliation. The aim of this research is to present reliable estimates for Austria and its capital Vienna that can serve as a reference for other studies and discussions related to religious groups. The research presents firstly, new data on the religious composition of the population of Austria and Vienna in 2016, and secondly, projections of the population by religious determination of Austria and Vienna from 2016 to 2046 based on several scenarios aiming at examining expected religious diversity when different demographic and secularization stories are followed.

Contact: Anne Goujon

 Research team: Sandra Jurasszovich, Michaela Potančoková

WIREL (WI for Vienna and REL for religion) was a funded WWTF project (2012-2014) investigating the different demographic and religious forces that have shaped Vienna’s population composition throughout the past as well as the implications that such forces hold for the present and the future.

Contact: Anne Goujon

Research team: Guy J. AbelRamon BauerCaroline BerghammerRichard GisserDesiree KrivanekRaya Muttarak, Michaela Potančoková, Tomáš SobotkaMarkus Speringer, Marcin Stonawski (IIASA), Maria Rita Testa, Vegard Skirbekk, Kryštof Zeman.

Project website:

The future landscape of religions: Researchers in the Data Lab are collaborating together with IIASA and the Pew Research Centre to project the future landscape of religions in different parts of the world, see for instance The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050

Contact: Michaela Potančoková

Research team: Michaela Potančoková, Vegard Skirbekk (Norwegian Institute of Public Health), Marcin Stonawski (IIASA)

Migrants and religious mobility: Analysing the religious mobility (secularization, change of religious affiliations) of migrants to Canada after their arrival on the Canadian territory, showing that religion is not a fixed attributes of migrants.

Contact: Anne Goujon

Research team: Eric Caron Malenfant (Statistics Canada), Anne Goujon, Vegard Skirbekk (Norwegian Institute of Public Health)