Aryadeva Āryadeva (fl. 3rd century CE) (; , Chinese: ''Tipo pusa'' [提婆 菩薩 = Deva Bodhisattva]), was a Mahayana Buddhist monk, a disciple of Nagarjuna and a Madhyamaka philosopher. Most sources agree that he was from "Siṃhala", which some scholars identify with Sri Lanka. After Nagarjuna, he is considered to be the next most important figure of the Indian Madhyamaka school.

Āryadeva's writings are important sources of Madhyamaka in both East Asian Buddhism and in Tibetan Buddhism. His ''Catuḥśataka'' (''Four Hundred Verses'') was influential on Madhyamaka in India and Tibet and his ''*Śataka'' (''Bailun'', 百論, T. 1569) and ''Dvādaśamukhaśāstra'' (both translated by Kumārajīva in the 4th century) were important sources for the East Asian Madhyamaka school. Āryadeva is also known as Kanadeva, recognized as the 15th patriarch in Chan Buddhism and some Sinhalese sources also mention an elder (thera) called Deva which may also be the same person. He is known for his association with the Nalanda monastery in modern-day Bihar, India. Provided by Wikipedia
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