State of the Art in Research – Interdisciplinary and Innovative Research Approach
Apart from traditional researches on sanctuaries, the proposed project Temenos and Territory links up with historical, archaeological, architectonic and geographical data in order to understand the organism of the Artemision at Ephesos. The Artemision offers a perfect example, being one of the largest and most famous sanctuaries of antiquity. It is not the sacred buildings and votive deposits, which form the focus of the investigation, but rather the sacred precinct (temenos) and the properties of the sanctuary (territorium) as infrastructural facilities. The project is dedicated to the transformation of an ancient sanctuary during Roman and Late Antique periods, with a view on the medieval phases of use.
Since its rediscovery 125 years ago the consecutive temples and their related altars formed the focal point of archaeological research, whereas the surrounding sacred temenos, once densely developed, remained uninvestigated. However recent research gives evidence of the multidimensional character of the extra-urban sanctuary in the Roman Imperial Era with the Temple of Artemis as part of a complex of buildings corresponding to its social, economical and religious significance. The Artemision at Ephesos in the Roman imperial era therefore represents the almost perfect set of preconditions for investigating Roman religious practices in their socio-cultural context, as well as the organisation and infrastructure of a sanctuary and its economic power yet, furthermore, also to understand the sanctuary in a time-space-model from a cultural-geographical perspective.