Univ.-Doz. Dr. Wilfried WINIWARTER
Mitigation of Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Tel: +43 2236 807 479
Wilfried Winiwarter, born 1962, is an Austrian citizen, married, 2 children. Trained as a chemical engineer, he received a PhD in environmental analytical chemistry at Vienna University of Technology in 1988. Following post-doc research at BYU in Provo, Utah (U.S.A.) and again at the Vienna University of Technology, in 1992 he joined Austria’s largest non-university research center, the Austrian Research Centers at Seibersdorf (now AIT - Austrian Institute of Technology, based in Vienna). Based on his independent scientific profile during a decade of mostly project-related research and on his merits in academic teaching, he was awarded a “Habilitation” (post-doctoral qualification, full license for academic teaching) by Vienna University of Technology in 2003. In the same year he started a part-time position (at varying degrees of intensity) with IIASA. In February 2012 he accepted a limited term position as a Professor of Systems Sciences at the University of Graz (part-time), relinquishing his association with AIT, but maintained working for IIASA. Since February 2014, he contributes full time to IIASA’s Mitigation of Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases (MAG) Program.
Main fields in research and teaching
Dr. Winiwarter's interest in systems analysis derives from the overarching challenges of climate research. Originally an atmospheric scientist and specialist in assessing the release of trace compounds into the atmosphere, his expertise was called upon to quantify current and potential future emissions of climate relevant greenhouse gases, specifically nitrous oxide in the GAINS model. This triggered his interest in investigating global biogeochemical cycles, specifically the nitrogen cycle. The interaction between physical and social systems and their respective interferences now also serves as a major focus of his work. He regularly teaches courses at several Austrian universities (Vienna University of Technology, University of Graz, Vienna University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences) and has been principal advisor to 8 master’s theses and 5 PhD theses (partly on-going).
Scientific service activities
Reviewer for numerous relevant scientific journals such as Atmos Environ, Climatic Change, Global Change Biology, Nature Communications.
Editorial Board member: Greenhouse Gas Measurement & Management; Aerosol and Air Quality Research; systems. connecting matter, life, culture and technology
Organizer and board member of scientific conferences such as the COST Conference “Particulate Matter & Health”, Vienna, April 3-5, 2006; 6th International Nitrogen Conference, Kampala, Uganda, 18 – 22 November 2013; Seventh International Symposium on science, implementation and policy aspects of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases (NCGG-7), Amsterdam, 2014
Member and Deputy Chair, Commission of Climate and Air Quality of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (2013-2015).
Director of the European Center of the International Nitrogen Initiative, an IGBP-SCOPE project (since 2013)
Member of the UN/ECE Task Force on Emission Inventories, VOC expert panel (1992-1996); Co-chair, Nature expert panel (1996-2000); member, Agriculture and nature expert panel (since 2000)
Member of the UN/ECE Task Force on Reactive Nitrogen (since 2008); Chair of the Expert Panel on Nitrogen Budgets.
Award "pro analitica" of the Institute for Analytical Chemistry / Vienna University of Technology for the "best scientific work or work of art" of the year 1988 at the institute.
ARCS-award 2000 (3rd prize, category "science") donated by the Austrian Research Centers Seibersdorf.
IPCC personalized certificate of acknowledgement for contributions leading to the IPCC’s award of the 2007 Peace Nobel Prize.
Selected publications (reviewed and books)
Paul J. Crutzen, Arvin R. Mosier, Keith A. Smith, Wilfried Winiwarter. N2O release from agro-biofuel production negates climate effect of fossil fuel derived “CO2 savings”. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 389-395 (2008).
W. Winiwarter, H. Bauer, A. Caseiro, H. Puxbaum. Quantifying emissions of Primary Biological Aerosol Particle mass in Europe. Atmos. Environ. 43, 1403–1409 (2009).
Winiwarter, W., B. Muik. Statistical Dependences in Input Data of National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Effects on the Overall Inventory Uncertainty. Climatic Change 103 (1-2), 19-36 (2010).
M.A. Sutton, O. Oenema, J.W. Erisman, A. Leip, H. van Grinsven, W. Winiwarter. Too much of a good thing - Curbing nitrogen emissions is a central environmental challenge for the twenty-first century. Nature 472, pp. 159-161 (2011).
Winiwarter, W., Hettelingh, J.P., Bouwman, L., de Vries, W., Erisman, J.W., Galloway, J., Svirejeva-Hopkins, A., Klimont, Z., Leach, A., Leip, A., Palliere, C., Schneider, U., Spranger, T., Sutton, M., van der Hoek, K., Witzke, P. Future scenarios of nitrogen in Europe. Chapter 24. In: The European Nitrogen Assessment. Eds. Sutton, M.A., Howard, C.M., Erisman, J.W., Billen, G., Bleeker, A., Grennfelt, P., van Grinsven, H. and Grizzetti, B. Cambridge University Press, pp. 551-569, Cambridge, UK (2011).
Wilfried Winiwarter, Michael Obersteiner, Keith A Smith and Mark A Sutton. The European nitrogen cycle: commentary on Schulze et al., 2010. Global Change Biology 17, 2754-2757 (2011).
H. Puxbaum, W. Winiwarter (Eds.) Advances of Atmospheric Aerosol Research in Austria. Interdisciplinary perspectives Vol. 2, OeAW, Vienna (2012).
Wilfried Winiwarter, Jan Willem Erisman, James N. Galloway, Zbigniew Klimont and Mark A. Sutton. Estimating environmentally relevant fixed nitrogen demand in the 21st century. Climatic Change 120, 889-901 (2013).