\r\nGrowing list of questions and answers on copyright law in the Internet with special emphasis on the needs of academics (with a focus on the Austrian legal framework).
\r\nThis paper gives an overview on the results of a broad research project on the theme information and communication technologies (ICT) in science and research (project "Cyberscience"). Following an introductory presentation of the diffusion of Internet applications in the various academic disciplines, the article discusses on specific aspects of the digitisation of research communication. Among them are role and functional changes and questions of access that are underdiscussed in technology studies so far and that have been not much discussed as regards the sciences. In addition, a number of further themes are outlined, in particular copyright issues and economic questions (decommodification of academic publishing), as well as technical and organisational questions such as archiving and quality control for Internet publications. This amounts to the general conclusion of a system in profound change. In the concluding chapter, these questions are discussed with a view to develop options and necessities for action in Austrian research policy.
\r\n\r\nThis paper deals with the impact of information and communication technologies on the research system. Two hypotheses are central: (1) First, the I&C technologies affect several framework conditions and virtually all forms of scholarly activity. Systematic screening reveals that both the organisational setting and the production of knowledge as well as scholarly communication and finally the transfer of academic knowledge (teaching) are directly affected. (2) On this basis, the second hypothesis argues that the many developments faced by scholars - constant use of the computer at the work place, shift of the communication with colleagues to E-mail, new electronic publication formats - do not only accelerate communication, as frequently assumed, but also have the potential to lead to qualitative changes in the scholarly system. This is substantiated by hints to actual or expected changes in the publication system (i.e. the heart of the scholarly communication system), the removal of spatial limitations of research and finally with respect to the distribution of roles in academia.