The publication series of the ITA for politics and society
With its dossiers, the ITA summarises the most important results of its own research projects and selected projects of other TA institutions on two pages and offers decision-makers from politics and society concrete options for action. Due to the well-founded, but short and concise summary, the dossiers are also a popular source of information for a broader public.
The ITA Dossiers are published here and on EPUB.OEAW/ITA-Dossiers. ISSN (online): 2306-196
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- ITA [Hrsg.], (2019) Digitisation and sovereignty of the state. ITA-Dossier Nr. 45en (Oktober 2019; Autoren: M. Nentwich, W. Jäger, G. Embacher-Köhle, J. Krieger-Lamina).
-> Digitisation also changes politics and the state. State sovereignty is massively challenged, especially with regard to administrative action, digital infrastructure, and democratic processes.
-> Digital sovereignty refers to the exclusive self-determination of legal entities such as states and natural persons under the conditions of digitisation.
-> In order to (re)establish digital sovereignty, it is necessary to act consistently on various levels (national and international), both in technical, organisational and regulatory terms, and not least in public discourse.
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2019) The spy at home. ITA-Dossier Nr. 44en (September 2019; AutorInnen: Jaro Krieger-Lamina, Felix Schaber, Walter Peissl).
-> Devices with digital assistants and voice control,such as “smart speakers”, are becoming morewidespread in households where they arepotentially eavesdropping on buyers in their mostprivate spaces.
-> The devices collect personal data and send it tothe manufacturers. Non-transparent data analysisexacerbates the imbalance between suppliersand consumers.
-> In future, digital assistance systems couldmanage the access to the (online) world.
-> The assessment of this business model raisesnot only data protection issues, but alsosociopolitical questions.
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2019) Smart grid pilot projects in Europe. ITA dossier no. 42en (April 2019; Author: Michael Ornetzeder).
-> The decarbonisation of the energy system calls for new ways of generating and consuming energy as well as new forms of relations between energy producers and consumers.
-> It is important to understand the complexity of factors influencing the effectiveness and success of smart grid initiatives targeted at small consumers across Europe.
-> It is equally important to assess the impact local solutions have on the whole energy system before applying them widely at regional or national level.
Author: Michael Ornetzeder
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2018) Steering mobility through pricing. ITA dossier no. 41en (November 2018; Authors: Tanja Sinozic, Stefanie Peer, Mahshid Sotoudeh, Niklas Gudowsky).
-> Traffic congestion costs the EU over €80 billion annually.
-> All major European cities face the challenge of reducing congestion, pollution and accidents in the years to come.
-> Currently, there is no single consistent mobility pricing scheme in Austria. Various approaches for different transport modes co-exist.
-> Mobility behaviour can be governed sustainably by optimising pricing patterns for all modes of transport and directing them towards common goals.
Authors: Tanja Sinozic, Stefanie Peer, Mahshid Sotoudeh, Niklas Gudowsky
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2018) Nano in coffee capsules. ITA dossier no. 40en (August 2018; Authors: Anna Pavlicek, Gloria Rose, André Gazsó).
-> Certain nanomaterials in food packaging promise longer shelf life and freshness.
-> Such materials, products, and related processes pose potential risks to the environment and health.
-> “Safe by Design” (SbD) addresses safety issues during early stages of development.
-> In future, SbD concepts must offer clear added value for users, and additionally specific research for testing and detection methods must be promoted.
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2018) 3D Printing in Medicine. ITA dossier no. 39en (July 2018; Author: Helge Torgersen).
-> 3D printing is already being used for making artificial limbs, dental implants and other medical items specifically adapted to individual patients.
-> Replacement organs cannot be produced yet and remain an option for the future.
-> Access and intellectual property rights, data handling and protection, and incorporating additive manufacturing into medical practice represent crucial challenges.
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2018) Manipulation in Social Media. ITA dossier no. 38en (July 2018; Authors: David Heckenberg, Niklas Gudowsky).
-> So-called “social bots” can create and send automated messages, thus potentially influencing political and other decisions.
-> Based on the data collected, messages can be tailored to personal preferences and address small groups or individuals.
-> Laws are required to describe when and to what extent social media operators need to restrict activities of social bots.
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2018) Energy storage in electricity grids. ITA dossier no. 37en (May 2018; Author: Michael Ornetzeder).
-> The shift towards greater use of renewable energy necessitates more dedicated storage in electrical power systems to provide short-term flexibility.
-> Electricity storage facilitates the decoupling of electricity supply and demand, and can be used to provide a wide range of ancillary services.
-> The future deployment of dedicated electricity storage in Austria and the EU will be strongly influenced by future policies for electricity market design, system operating rules, technology investments, and involvement of consumers and prosumers.
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2018) Inclusion through assistive technologies? ITA dossier no. 36en (May 2018; Authors: Johann Čas, Jaro Krieger-Lamina, Leo Capari).
-> People with disabilities are facing numerous challenges and barriers in their everyday lives.
-> Several socio-political initiatives have been launched so far in order to actively foster the inclusion of disabled people (in areas such as education, employment and social participation).
-> Technologies can play an important role, but full inclusion may only be achieved if additional measures are also implemented.
- ITA [Hrsg.], (2018) Quantified self. ITA dossier no. 35en (April 2018; Authors: Astrid Mager, Katja Mayer).
-> Mobile devices are increasingly being used to measure and monitor health and body functions. This is fuelled by a trend towards self- optimisation and increased efficiency.
-> Such tracking devices can contribute to greater autonomy and allow more independence outside of traditional institutions.
-> At the same time, they can also lead to continuous surveillance and heteronomy. Consequently, health apps should be used with caution.
-> Government and politicians should ensure appropriate legal frameworks and support fundamental rights-friendly technology.