5G will soon be the new mobile network standard and replace the LTE network. At 10 gigabits per second, it is about 30 times faster than the current standard, which will be of particular interest for autonomous vehicles or could also set new standards in industry. The resulting electromagnetic fields could also have an impact on our health. This is precisely where the study for the Austrian Parliament, which has just been launched with the AIT, comes in and determines whether the current state of knowledge on this new technology can already provide information on possible consequences.
Fifth generation (5G) mobile radio technology will enable much higher mobile transmission rates than today's mobile radio technologies and is envisaged for countless new fields of application. The new standard is particularly important for industry and the Internet of Things (IoT). 5G can be tailored to specific requirements: In production halls, machines are interconnected, high bandwidths are made available for high-definition video playback, and on the roads, a particularly fast and reliable network with particularly short delay times (latency) is to make it possible to control autonomous vehicles. Other development options concern, for example, the health sector. In public, 5G is sometimes controversially discussed, especially with regard to possible health risks from radiation.
The ITA will prepare the state of the art on the health consequences of high-frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) as they are used in mobile radio. In a first step, an inventory of current expert opinions of international aggregators such as the WHO and exemplary national committees will be compiled. These are presented in such a way that the respective areas of validity (which mobile communication generation etc.) are identified. In a second step, the corresponding meta-studies of these internationally recognized and scientifically high-ranking committees on the health consequences of EMF will be summarized taking into account different levels of evidence (verification, evidence, hypotheses, ambiguous findings, gaps in knowledge).
Together with the Austrian Institute of Technology (AIT), the ITA is conducting a study for the Austrian Parliament on the subject of 5G. The focus is on the survey of the current state of knowledge on health risks of mobile radio in general and of 5G in particular.