This is the thirteenth Symposium of the series Multilingualism and the History of Knowledge, after a first meeting held at the Norwegian Institute at Athens (2009), three conferences and panels in Vienna (2009, 2010, 2011, 2016), two symposia at the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Berlin (2010, 2011), three workshops in Einsiedeln and at the Universities of Munich and Verona, as well as three panels in the framework of the Congresses of the German Oriental Society – the 31st at Marburg (2010) and the 32nd at Münster (2013).
The Austrian Academy of Sciences Press published two volumes with the Proceedings of these conferences, edited by representatives of the four institutions involved in the Multilingualism Research Group – the University of Oslo (Jens E. Braarvig), the Max Planck Institute of History of Knowledge (Markham J. Geller), the Austrian Academy of Sciences (Velizar Sadovski) and the University of Vienna (Gebhard Selz) – “Linguistic Developments along the Silkroad”, 2012 (http://verlag.oeaw.ac.at/Multilingualism-and-History-of-Knowledge-edited-by-J.-E.-Braavig-M.-J.-Geller-V.-Sadovski-and-G.-Selz) and “Buddhism among the Iranian Peoples of Central Asia”, 2013 (http://verlag.oeaw.ac.at/Buddhism-anong-the-Iranian-Peoples-of-Central-Asia).
Ancient societies display, in varying degrees, a multilingual environment. Among the numerous studies dealing with this issue the social implications of multilingualism has not yet received much attention. We would like to discuss six major aspects:
(a) cognitive aspects of the relation between language and social experience in the dialectic conditions of a multilingual state.
(b) religious experience and social pragmatics in the context of ancient societies
(c) attempts to impose the language of the elite upon the dependant classes, including its application for "imperialistic" purposes;
(d) studying the relevance of linguistic forms of expression for the questions of social message, institutional communication and ‘invention of traditions’ within a specific socio-political system;
(e) addressing the use and misuse of languages for establishing group identities, focussing on antagonistic social groups on various levels of a society;
(f) social dimensions of literary genres: hymnal poetry vs. epic poetry in the field of tension between social strata such as priests vs. kings-warriors.
The Symposium will be held in Vienna on 13th–15th of December 2016, the conference venue being the Institut für Iranistik of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The papers will be given by internationally renowned scholars from Austria, Germany, Italy, Israel, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the USA. In the framework of the conference the Austrian Academy of Sciences Press shall present the new fascicle of the Grammatica Iranica monograph series, by Rüdiger Schmitt, dedicated to the stylistics of Old Persian inscriptions and published in the Veröffentlichungen zur Iranistik series of the Sitzungsberichte der ÖAW. The keynote lecture on questions of multilingualism in Bactria will be delivered by Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Schmitt, Foreign Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.
December 13, 2016
Arrival of the participants
Opening Session - Chairman: Jens Braarvig
Florian Schwarz (Austrian Academy of Sciences): Welcome and introduction on behalf of the Institute of Iranian Studies
Hans Christian Luschützky (University of Vienna / Vienna Linguistic Society): Welcome and introduction on behalf of the Vienna Linguistic Society
Velizar Sadovski (Austrian Academy of Sciences): Rüdiger Schmitts Stilistik der altpersischen Inschriften im Kontext der Grammatica Iranica
Rüdiger Schmitt (Laboe, Germany / Austrian Academy of Sciences): Stilfiguren in den achämenidischen Königsinschriften
Late Afternoon Session - Chairman: Florian Schwarz
Hans Christian Luschützky (Vienna Linguistic Society): Vorstellung der Vortragenden: Paola Cotticelli
Paola Cotticelli (University of Verona): Die pragmatische Wirkung der Rhetorik in den hethitischen Texten
December 14, 2016
Early Morning Session - Chairman: Adriano V. Rossi
Jens Braarvig (University of Oslo, Norway): Some loan translations in Old Norse
Dariush Borbor (Research Institute and Library of Iranian Studies, Teheran): Metaphor, Metonymy and Cognition in Comparative Reduplication
Late Morning Session - Chairman: Hans Christian Luschützky
Adriano V. Rossi (University of Naples): Achaimenidika
Rüdiger Schmitt (Laboe, Germany / Austrian Academy of Sciences): Onomastica Irano-Aramaica Bactriana. Zu den Personennamen der aramäischen Dokumente aus Baktrien
Early Afternoon Session - Chairman: Rüdiger Schmitt
Oswald Panagl (University of Salzburg): Stilfiguren und sprachliche Interferenzen Im Dithyrambos Persai des Timotheos
Velizar Sadovski (Austrian Academy of Sciences): Heroic epics “from hero to zero”? Sociolinguistic stratification, politics of discursive authority and development of Indo-Iranian poetic genres in Vedic times
Late Afternoon Session - Chairwoman: Paola Cotticelli
Ran Zadok (University of Tel Aviv): Iškūz(a)
Gebhard Selz (University of Vienna): Teaching an early writing system in a multilingual society
December 15, 2016
Early Morning Session - Chairman: Ran Zadok
Mark Geller (Freie Universität zu Berlin): Multilingualism in Babylonian Lexicography
Florentina Badalanova-Geller (TOPOI Excellence Cluster, Freie Universität zu Berlin): Enochiana: from Babylon to Byzantium
Late Morning Session - Chairman: Oswald Panagl
Roman Gundacker (Austrian Academy of Sciences): Nominal compounds and ancient Egyptian geography. The geographic awareness of the ancient Egyptians in the third millennium BC according to linguistic evidence
Klaus Wagensonner (Yale University): Ancient interpreters. Commenting, explaining, and translating in ancient Near Eastern sources
Gebhard Selz (University of Vienna) and Velizar Sadovski (Austrian Academy of Sciences): Closing remarks