Running against the clock (RAC)?
Realising family plans over the life-course
Countries in Europe and around the world have witnessed a major family transformation in the past decades: Previously marginal forms of family structure such as stepfamilies and families with unmarried parents have become more common. In parallel, birth rates have fallen far below the replacement level of two children in many countries. In this context, the need to diagnose the mechanisms behind the very low fertility levels arises. Fertility intentions and the family context in which they are formed are an important key for understanding family formation. We propose to identify the factors that drive family – and especially fertility – decisions in Austria. Particularly, we contrast fertility intentions with their realisation, focusing on couple characteristics, contraceptive use and partnership context.
The main research aim of the project is to investigate the influence of life course circumstances on the realisation of individuals’ fertility plans. In our framework, 1/ characteristics of the couple, 2/ contraceptive use and fecundity impairments and 3/ partnership status and changes in the life course are the three main dimensions that mediate the realisation of individual’s life-time and short-term fertility intentions. The third dimension allows the application of the framework to unpartnered persons and highlights the importance of having a partner for being able to conceive a child. Moreover, it enables us to study fertility intentions and their realisation in parallel with changes in one’s partnership situation. Taking a life course approach in fertility intentions studies is extremely relevant. Several studies have revealed that competing intentions in other life domains influence the realisation of short-term fertility intentions.
Research within RAC
- When paid work matters for fertility intentions and subsequent behaviour: Evidence from two waves of the Austrian Generations and Gender Survey.
Author(s): Hanappi, D, Buber-Ennser, I
Reference: Comparative Population Studies Vol 42
- Late motherhood in low-fertility countries: Reproductive intentions, trends and consequences
Author(s): Sobotka, T, Beaujouan, E
Reference: VID Working Paper 2/2017
- Wert von Kindern und ideale Kinderzahl seit Mitte der 1980er Jahre
Author(s): Berghammer, C, Beham, M and Zartler, U
Year: 2018, forthcoming
- Partnerbeziehungen zwischen Flexibilität und Stabilität
Author(s): Beham, M, Berghammer, C and Zartler, U
Year: 2018, forthcoming
- Fertility desires, intentions and behaviour: A comparative analysis of their consistency
Author(s): Freitas, R. and Testa, M.R.
Reference: VID-Working Paper 4/2017
- Regional context and realization of fertility intentions: Are capitals different? The examples of Austria and Hungary
Author(s): Riederer, B and Buber-Ennser, I
Reference: VID Working Paper 8/2016
- The part-time revolution: changes in the parenthood effect on women's employment in Austria across the birth cohorts from 1940 to 1979
Author(s): Berghammer, C, Riederer, B
Reference: VID Working Paper 4/2018
- Didn't plan one but got one: Unintended births among men and women in six European countries.
Author(s): Brzozowska, Z, Buber-Ennser, I, Potancoková, M and Riederer, B
Reference: VID Working Paper 5/2018
- Late fertility intentions and fertility in Austria.
Author(s): Beaujouan E
Reference: VID Working Paper 6/2018.
- The gendered division of labor, fertility intentions, and their realization in childless couples: Austria, France, Hungary, and Poland in comparison
Author(s): Riederer, B, Buber-Ennser, I and Brzozowska, Z
- Running against the clock: Postponement and recuperation of childbearing across unions
Author(s): Buber-Ennser, I, Beaujouan, E and Brzozowska, Z
(work in progress)