Ephesos: Study of types

The excavations in Ephesos, with their large quantity of stratified pottery finds and their outstanding research and publication status, provide the ideal basis for diachronic studies on typology and chronology as well as for a functional analysis of different types of pottery.

FINE WARE (›THIN-WALLED WARES‹) FROM EPHESOS


The subject of the dissertation is a genre-specific examination of the ›thin-walled wares‹ with an emphasis from the late Hellenistic-Augustan period to the late 1 century CE. At this time Roman influence expanded in the Greek east and is manifested through an increased presence of this pottery in the find spectrum of Ephesos with a varied repertoire of forms.

The study of the ›thin-walled wares‹ from Ephesos is focused on a chronological time frame from the late Hellenistic and Augustan period to the end of the 1 century CE. Up until this time the locally produced tableware followed Greek traditions and the increasing Roman influence was then replaced by the large scale production of sigillata in western Asia Minor as well as by thin-walled drinking vessels. The latter only appear in Hellenistic find assemblages as individual imported pieces. This raises the questions whether these pieces were mainly imported objects from Italy or the western Mediterranean or whether they were products from Asia Minor. The experimentation of the potters lessened considerably towards the end of the 1st century CE until in the following centuries the repertoire was limited to cups and jugs with a high offset rim.

POMPEIAN-RED WARE AND DERIVATIVES FROM EPHESOS


Combined archaeological and archaeometric analyses of the so-called Pompeian-red ware provide evidence not only of the import of prototypes of this pottery from Campania in the 1 century BCE and the 1 century CE but also permits the identification of imitations and derivatives from productions from western Asia Minor.

Based on the varying clay composition and surface of the cooking platters it is possible to reconstruct differing physical properties for pottery from Campania and western Asia Minor. These had a direct influence on the cooking activities and practices taking place in them, however, it must be debated to what degree the adoption of Roman cooking practices was intended.

Lamps froms Ephesos in the Hellenistic world


The Ephesos lamps are among the most widely distributed Ephesian ceramic products of the Hellenistic world. Their study aims to illuminate aspects of the development of Ephesian craft production, namely from the advanced 2 c. BCE until the Augustan period, embedded in its socio-political-cultural realm, while also inferring on the patterns of their dispersal through connectivity networks of the ancient Mediterranean and beyond.

The determination of distribution and consumption patterns of Ephesos lamps allows to trace patterns of their trade and exchange through dynamic seaborne connectivity networks of the Hellenistic Mediterranean and beyond. Given the fact that these artefacts reached not only regional but far-flung markets as well, they can be taken as archaeological markers of the upsurge in mobility that took place during the above-mentioned period, and viewed as an indicator of different facets of cultural interaction that was performed therein.