Noric-Pannonian Costume

In the project »Noric-Pannonian costume« a group of researchers is studying specific artifacts (fibula and belt elements) that are widely considered to be a central component of Roman female costume and their attestations have been preserved in the area of the two eponymous Roman provinces. Digital 3D models of the finds and further research data is being made accessible in an online database (www.cfir.science).

Starting point


Half a century has passed since the publication of the monograph »Die norisch-pannonische Frauentracht im 1. und 2. Jahrhundert/The Noric-Pannonian female costume in the 1st and 2nd century« (1965) by J. Garbsch. The resumption of a detailed discussion on the subject of the ›Noric-Pannonian Costume‹ has long been a gap in provincial Roman archaeology. In the meantime, the source material has improved, i.e. there are numerous new finds of fibula and belt components as well as stones with corresponding representations, but in this context we might add that questions have changed and archaeological methods and technical possibilities have evolved. 

Methods


The research project with the working title »Noric-Pannonian Costume« was initiated in 2015 and is institutionally housed at the OeAI (C. Hinker), at the IKAnt (C. Gugl), and at the University of Innsbruck (G. Grabherr) and takes this situation into account. The innovative method of find recording with the structured-light scanner permits the creation of exact 3D models of the different components of the costume made of non-ferrous metals and precious metals. These 3D models are displayed in a database developed for this project where all project-relevant information including find site is recorded according to its availability through the current state of publication. The aim is to make an online database available to the scientific community so that with its help relevant finds and find sites that are currently widely dispersed in specialized literature can be easily researched. Furthermore, the database offers retrievable 3D models that are significantly more precise than the traditional typologies in 2D through an online-tool for the typological identification of old and new finds. Finally, the inclusion of geographical information systems makes it possible for the user to create distribution maps of different fibula types and/or belt components.

Aspects regarding the digital humanities in this research project are mainly being overseen by Ch. Gugl (IKAnt).

Cultural and historical questions


The cultural and historical interpretation of the sources is a basic project aim in addition to the further development of technical methods as part of the exploitation and preparation of archaeological sources. To this effect the accordingly prepared data made accessible through the database offers countless options. The conditions for the creation of a specific Noric-Pannonian female costume, its relation to the male costume or even to other costumes in the Roman Empire, regional differences as manifest through so-called costume groups and/or workshop circles, the mobility of the wearers of this costume, and finally the conditions leading to its demise and disappearance will be investigated.

The data collection and input as well as the cultural and historical interpretation is mainly being conducted by Ch. Hinker (OeAI).