The keywords »Daily Life – Trade – Craftsmanship« already outline the thematic orientation of this research group and thus describe a research area that, within the historical cultural sciences of antiquity, has ›traditionally‹ been occupied by archaeology. As is well known, archaeological contexts and finds are able to illustrate aspects of ancient life that are underrepresented in classical writings.
The wide temporal and the spatial framework of the research group is deliberate: the periods of classical Greek and Roman antiquity and the Old World. The research projects included here are based on both written and non-written sources; the focus, however, is placed on the contextual analysis of remains of material culture.
Three research emphases promote scientific exchange through networking between individual projects linked by a common primary researchtheme. Ideally, the intertwining of various projects under the focus of a defined research emphasis but also the distinct approaches of the individual projects on the common research questions will lead to an increase in knowledge on both sides.
- The research emphasis »Daily Spaces« engages with the use of space in ancient daily life. Within this context, the research group deals with, for example, the definition of activity zones on the basis of material remains, settlement internal distribution analyses, the reconstruction of »waste streams« and recycling processes, and the identification of workshops in private and public spaces. This research emphasis is primarily based on archaeological contexts and considers these within their settlement relationship.
- The research emphasis »Objects of Daily Life« is based on the premise that even artifacts influenced the daily life of an ancient society. They are an expression and way of communicating identity, status, and social structures. The association of finds can indicate interactions between individuals and cultural contacts between groups. This research emphasis is primarily based on the artifacts themselves and views archaeological finds as carriers of information in a socio-cultural context.
- The research emphasis »Organizational Forms of Trade and Craftsmanship« deals with the study of ancient commercial spaces and networks, the transfer of technology and the infrastructure of workshops as well as the use of resources and raw materials.
Under the direction of: Christoph Hinker