Aigeira: Documentation and architectural study to the Hellenistic, Naiskoi‘

As part of a new building analysis, the building history, typology, use, and urban function of the three so-called Naiskoi in the area of the theater are being analyzed and excavations are being carried out.

The three so-called Naiskoi D, E, and F located to the north and south of the theater form an ensemble together with the theater, a peripteros, a peristyle building, and additional small buildings (buildings A-C, building II); it was constructed in the Hellenistic period and was in use up into the Roman imperial period. A notable feature of the complex is the multiple and prominently located building type ›Naiskos‹ of unknown function. The chronology of these three buildings was not clarified through the excavations of the OeAI in the 1970s and 1980s. Furthermore, information on the chronology and function of the buildings A, B, and C was lacking. These buildings were partially excavated in the 1920s and then backfilled; since then it was not possible to identify their exact location.

 

The three prostyloi (›Naiskoi‹ D, E and F) were mainly built of local conglomerate stone, measure 12.50–17.70 m in length and exhibit differences in their proportions, the technical details of their construction, and their furnishings. The aim of the current research is the clarification of the architectural shape, the building history, and function of these small buildings. Based on these results, further knowledge about the development and the importance of the entire ensemble will be gained.

 

From 2011 to 2016 these buildings were cleaned, surveyed, and drawn in sections during the annual excavation seasons. This newly created detailed building survey encompasses ground plans, sections, and views and forms the basis for the building research analysis alongside the excavation documentation. Furthermore, a row of entablature blocks as well as roof terracottas are being recorded and studied in order to develop reconstruction suggestions for the architecture.

 

The excavations in 2017 and 2018 led to the clarification of questions on the building history of the so-called Naiskoi D and F, the location of the buildings (A-C) was not identified through the excavations. These buildings were also built in the course of the redevelopment of the public center in the Hellenistic period.