Research Group »Archaeobotany«

The RG is dedicated to the interrelationship between humans and plants. Seeds/fruits and food residues discovered in settlement contexts represent an important source of information for the exploration of agricultural and culinary traditions, while wood and charcoal remains permit deductions about use of forests, construction and craft traditions. In the case of a sufficiently high sampling density it is possible to decode the variability of consumption patterns and activities even within settlements.

Pollen analytical data obtained outside of the settlements serves as a natural reference. In an interdisciplinary dialog with geoarchaeology, geochemistry, petrology or also palaeoparasitology they permit the reconstruction of landscape, climate, and vegetation as well as their changes.

Embedded in the respective cultural-historical context all of these environmental archaeological data contribute to an improved understanding of the varied relationship between nature and culture whether it is a matter of continuity or discontinuity of settlements, for supply structures of urban spaces, for pollution or for the effects of climate change and natural disasters.

 

Under the direction of: Andreas G. Heiss