Diet in Roman Brigantium based on the archaeozoological remains

The comparison of the spectrum of animal species and the consumption habits in the area that was first used as a military camp and then as a civilian living space permits in combination with the archaeological results new insights into ancient supply.

The archaeological context

The investigations are the result of the FWF project »From Military Camp to Civilian Settlement – The Western Periphery of Brigantium« (project lead: G. Grabherr) that deals with the development of the Roman period settlement of Brigantium, modern-day Bregenz, in the area of the so-called Böckleareal. The excavations on both sides of the main street revealed several Roman settlement phases and also were able to prove the existence of the early imperial military camp of Brigantium. Following its abandonment the area was used as civilian living space.

The study of the excavation finds and of the archaeozoological find material has a lot of potential for the reconstruction of the supply of Brigantium. The comparison in the supply of the military in the camp with that of the subsequent civilian population is of particular interest.

The archaeological context

Differences in the composition of the animal species and also the presence of certain parts of the body of the domestic animals can provide evidence for a local supply or also the supply with delivered and cured meats. In addition to the animal species a comparison in the cutting and processing of the animals for slaughter within the context of the military camp and the civil settlement is of interest.