Jahreshefte des Österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes in Wien
ÖJh 74 (2005)
ÖJh 73 (2004)
ÖJh 72 (2003)
ÖJh 71 (2002)
ÖJh 70 (2001)
ÖJh 69 (2000)
ÖJh 81 (2012)
ÖJh 80 (2011)
ÖJh 79 (2010)
ÖJh 78 (2009)
ÖJH 77 (2008)
ÖJh 76 (2007)
ÖJh 75 (2006)
ÖJh 88 (2019)
ÖJh 87 (2018)
ÖJh 86 (2017)
ÖJh 85 (2016)
ÖJh 84 (2015)
ÖJh 83 (2014)
ÖJh 82 (2013)
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Abkürzungen für Publikationen mit österreichischem Erscheinungsort
Vol. 69-78 (2001-9): Verlag der ÖAW
Vol. 79– (2010– ): Verlag Holzhausen
First published in 1898, the ›Jahreshefte‹ have long been among the leading international journals in the field of Classical Archaeology. They are published by the Department of Historical Archaeology of the OeAI.
For the ÖJh, contributions are accepted in German, English and French. All contributions submitted for printing are subjected to an anonymous, international peer review process. This does not apply to reports on excavations, prospections and surveys, which are reviewed by the editors of the journal.
Manuscripts can be submitted at any time. Depending on the duration of the respective review process and the limitation of the volume, the editors will decide whether the manuscript will be included in the next or the following volume.
Contributions to the ÖJh are to be submitted with an abstract in German or English of a maximum of 200 words and five keywords.
The ÖJh can be found at:
ERIH PLUS ISSN-Register (ISSN 2309-1207) VLB
Tables of contents of previous editions
T (+43 1) 51581-4133
Degrees in Classical Archaeology and Provincial-Roman Archaeology from the universities of Vienna and Munich. Since 2003, participant at the excavations in Ephesos (OeAI, IKAnt, FWF). From 2005 to 2015, at the Institute for the Study of Ancient Culture (OeAW) responsible for pottery studies in Ephesos, Miletus, Germia (TR), and Troemis (RO). Since 2015, scientific employee at the OeAI with the research focus pottery research in Ephesos. From 2017-2020 in charge of the RG »Keramikstudien«.
In charge of the Research Group »Object Itineraries«.
Pottery research Material Culture of the Hellenistic to Byzantine periods Archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean and beyond Cultural history and economic archaeology Socio-cultural analysis Ancient daily life culture
Ephesos: Ceramics Ephesos: Material Culture Ephesos: Graue Ware Ephesos: Hanghaus 2 in Ephesos: Die Wohneinheiten 3 und 5. Baubefund - Ausstattung - Funde Adriatic Region: Ceramic Finds Gulf region: Mediterranean ceramic imports
BERUFLICHER WERDEGANG seit 2021 Leiterin der FG »Objektitinerarien« am ÖAI 2017–2020 Leiterin der AG »Keramikstudien« am ÖAI seit 2015 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am ÖAI 2008–2015 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Kulturgeschichte der Antike der ÖAW; Forschungsschwerpunkte: Ephesos: Keramikforschung, Chronologie Kuretenstraße, Hanghaus 2 (Wohneinheiten 6 und 7), Theater; Troesmis (RO): Keramiksurvey; Germia (TR): Keramiksurvey; Milet (TR): Fundbearbeitung Südstadtthermen 2005–2006 Örtliche Leitung von Grabungen in der Süd- und Nordhalle der Kuretenstraße von Ephesos; wissenschaftliche Auswertung der Grabungsergebnisse 2005–2007 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Kulturgeschichte der Antike der ÖAW: Bearbeitung der Befunde und der Fundkomplexe der Grabungen an der Kuretenstraße (Embolos) von Ephesos (FWF-Projekt P 17617) 2004 Freie Mitarbeiterin des ÖAI; Projekt Ephesos/Oberstadt: Auswertung des Fundmaterials aus dem 2003 in der Oberstadt von Ephesos durchgeführten Artefaktsurvey; Erstellung eines Typenkatalogs der Gebrauchskeramik und der Küchenware 2003 Teilnahme an einem Artefaktsurvey in der Oberstadt von Ephesos (Leitung: S. Groh, S. Ladstätter) 1997–2003 Teilnahme an archäologischen Grabungen im In- und Ausland: Ganglegg-Schluderns (I); Summuntorium-Burghöfe (D); München; Carnuntum/Bad Deutsch Altenburg (A) AUSBILDUNG/AKADEMISCHE LAUFBAHN 2009 Promotion an der Universität Wien. Dissertation »Keramische Evidenzen zur Baugeschichte des unteren Embolos von Ephesos« 2003 Sponsion an der Universität Wien. Diplomarbeit »Römerzeitliche Fundkomplexe im Brixner Becken (Südtirol): Stufels 12 - Mitterutzner, Stufels 10 B und Stufels Russo« 1997–2003 Studium der Klassischen Archäologie und einer Fächerkombination aus Ur- und Frühgeschichte, Provinzialrömischer Archäologie, Kunstgeschichte und Numismatik an der Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien und am Institut für Vor- und Frühgeschichtliche und Provinzialrömische Archäologie der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München 2001–2003 Ergänzungsstudium Französisch an der Romanistik der Universität Wien 1996–1997 Studium der Soziologie und Kunstgeschichte an der Universität Wien ÖFFENTLICHKEITSARBEIT UND WISSENSCHAFTSKOMMUNIKATION ▪ Führungen an archäologischen Stätten, u. a. in Ephesos (Deutsch, Italienisch) ▪ Populärwissenschaftliche Vorträge zum Thema Archäologie an Gymnasien WICHTIGSTE KOOPERATIONSPARTNER (IN DEN LETZTEN 5 JAHREN) Marina Ugarković (Institut za Arheologiju/Institut für Archäologie Zagreb) JU Muzeji i galerije Budve Andreas Liebmann-Holzmann (Österreichische Botschaft Abu Dhabi) Sabah Abooud Jasim – Eisa Yousif (Archaeology Authority Sharjah) Christina G. Alexandrescu (Rumänische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Bukarest)
Auswahl der letzten 5 Jahre 05.12.2018 A. Waldner, Roman finds as trade markers in the Gulf region. Sharjah (VAE), Archaeology Authority 24.09.2018 A. Waldner, The economic life at Roman Ephesos. Pottery production, consumption, interaction and trade. RCRF Cluj/Napoca, 9. 3. 2018 Cooking spaces in Ephesos. 3. Seminar des 5. Wissenschaftlichen Netzwerks "Essen in Anatolien und seinen Nachbarregionen" , DAI Istanbul 26. 2. 2016 Römische Kochsitten in Ephesos: Pompejanisch-rote Platten und ihre Derivate (16. Österreichischer Archäologentag in Wien, mit L. Peloschek) 19. 11. 2016 Die materielle Kultur des 7. Jahrhunderts in Ephesos. Die Keramik (»Urbanitas. Veränderungen von Stadtbild und urbaner Lebenswelt in der Spätantike und frühbyzantinischen Zeit. Assos im Spiegel städtischer Zentren Westkleinasiens«, 18.–20. November 2015, RGZM Mainz)
»Death in Antiquity«
ZAMG Hans Taeuber (Institute for Ancient History and Classical Studies, Papyrology and Epigraphy, University of Vienna) Norbert Zimmermann (DAI, Rome Department) Michael Richards and Megan Wong (Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University) Johannes Krause (Max-Planck-Institut for the Science of Human History Jena) Ron Pinhasi (University of Vienna, Department of Evolutionary Anthropology) Gro Bjørnstad (Division of Forensic Sciences, Norwegian Institute of Public Health Oslo) Kristina Scheelen-Nováček and Jan Nováček (℅ Göttingen University and Thüringisches Landesamt für Archäologische Denkmalpflege in Weimar) Helmut Brückner (Institute of Geography, University of Cologne)
OeAW-OeAI FWF-Projekt P22083
Systematic research in the necropoleis has been taking place in Ephesos since 2008. This interdisciplinary field project is intended to provide insight into the broad thematic field of ›Death in Antiquity‹ by taking all material remains into consideration.
The aim of this research is to gain a general understanding of the Ephesian mortuary landscape and to place the Ephesian findings into a broader chronological and topographical context. In addition to stratigraphical excavations, the project encompasses intensive and extensive surveys as well as the contextual analysis of finds, including related disciplines such as anthropology, archaeozoology, geoarchaeology, and geophysics. The research is taking place in close collaboration with the research group »Environment and Human Impact in Historical Societies«.
The necropoleis of Ephesos
At its core the project is focused on a virtually unexplored area of Ephesos and a research field that has considerable potential for further development particularly in Asia Minor. Since a complete excavation of the Ephesian necropoleis is impossible, the stratigraphical discovery is focused on larger connected areas that offer a representative sample of the chronology, structure, and appearance of the individual tombs and burials. The anthropological analyses are centered on questions regarding sex, age, family associations, dietary habits, and cause of death of the buried. In connection with the assessment of the furnishings, size, and structure of the burials, the funerary objects as well as the evaluation of possible epigraphic finds, the study is expected to lead to a greater understanding of the funerary customs and social structure of the Ephesians. Through the contextual analysis of the ceramic find material and the small finds from the necropoleis basic questions about the phases of use and secondary use will be clarified. The aim of the geoarchaeological research is to provide explanation models for the complex sedimentation processes as well as the varying sea and groundwater levels over the course of the centuries that necessitated the construction of the harbor channel – the prerequisite for the emergence of the West Necropolis (also: Harbor Necropolis).
The main topic »Death in Antiquity« will be documented in all its facets and without chronological restrictions. The following aspects are central to the research interests: size of the necropoleis, history of use of the necropoleis, typology of the burial architecture, appearance and quantity of non-burial related architecture in the necropoleis, development of the burial house types, structural organization of the necropoleis, diachronic differentiation of the phenomenon ›intra- and extraurban burials‹, staging of death, ritual conduct, population and social structure as well as health, life expectancy, cause of death, family cohesion, and origin.
The study of the necropoleis is clearly focused on Ephesos but from a topographic aspect goes beyond this city. The structural organization of the Ephesian funerary areas is contrasted with other necropoleis in the eastern provinces. In addition this appraisal of funerary contexts is compared with contexts from the western provinces as well as with contexts from Rome in theoretical studies.
Isotope and DNA analyses on the Ephesian population
As part of the necropolis research, strontium isotopes and DNA analyses have been taking place in Ephesos since 2011 in order to more closely examine the Ephesian population or single individuals in regards to their origin and descent.
DNA-analyses of human remains have led to significant new discoveries over the course of the last three decades: on the one hand we have gained insights into population structures, migration behavior, and colonization of uninhabited areas and on the other it has provided snapshots of daily life situations, such as the spread of diseases and social relations.
Within this context many individuals of different time periods and varying topographical association have been sampled in Ephesos. The maternal lineages have been determined through the analysis of the mitochondrial DNA and illustrate a highly complex picture of the Ephesian population. These analyses are supplemented by selective DNA-analyses of the nucleus that are being conducted in cooperation with J. Krause (Max Planck Institute, Jena).
The DNA-analyses are further complemented by analyses of the stable strontium isotopes. They provide information on the geographical origin of an individual. The values of these isotopes are unique markers in the geology of a landscape and have largely remained unchanged since antiquity. When samples are taken from the teeth of a human, ideally the location can be determined where an individual grew up or where he spent the rest of his life.
In summer 2016 modern plant samples as well as snail shells were collected in Ephesos and its surroundings in order to obtain reference values for the strontium isotopes and the actual absorption through food consumption. The isotope analyses are being carried out in cooperation with M. Richards and M. Wong (Simon Fraser University, Canada). The research is also taking place in close collaboration with the bioarchaeologists at the OeAI.
Preliminary analyses of the human remains from the west necropolis demonstrate a highly complex distribution of maternal lineages within the Ephesian population. European lineages as well as those of Asian and/or African origin have been verified. This characterizes Roman Ephesos as a melting pot of people from near and far, as it were from ›all corners of the world‹.
Studies of Prehistory and Protohistory as well as Classical Archeology at the Universities of Vienna, Athens and Berlin. Graduation with “Summa cum laude” at the Freie Universität Berlin in 2005, subsequently holder of the travel grant of the German Archaeological Institute (2005/06). Awarded with the FWF START prize in 2010 as well as an ERC Starting Grant in 2011. 2011–2012 Director of the Young Curia of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW). Since 2013–2020 Director of the Institute for Oriental and European Archeology (OREA) at the ÖAW. Since 2021 Scientific Director of the Austrian Archaeological Institute at the ÖAW. 2015 awarding of an honorary professorship at the University of Tübingen in the field of Prehistory and Protohistory. Since 2015 Corresponding Member of the Division of Humanities and the Social Sciences of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and since 2016 Corresponding Member of the German Archaeological Institute (DAI). Since 2020 Member of the German Archaeological Institute (DAI). (Co-)Editor of the journal Archaeologia Austriaca as well as of the series Mitteilungen der Prähistorischen Kommission (MPK), Mykenische Studien and Oriental and European Archaeology (OREA). Head of excavations, surveys and material culture studies in Turkey, Greece and the Balkans.
Areas of Specialisation
Prehistoric archeology in Southeast Europe and West Asia Neolithic – Copper Age – Bronze Age Excavations, geoarchaeological surveys and landscape archaeology Neolithisation, intensification & centralisation Knowledge transfer, communication networks, material studies, innovation and technologies Scientific analysis and its evaluation with interdisciplinary and international teams Creation of primary data through archaeological fieldwork (excavations and surveys)
There are currently no vacancies at the OeAI.
The Austrian Archaeological Institute (OeAI) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (OeAW) is offering a
REDAKTIONSASSISTENZ/LEKTOR*IN (W*M) Position
(30 hours per week)
temporary replacement, as soon as possible
We are glad to receive your application to oeai(at)oeaw.ac.at (deadline: August 31, 2021).
30 hours per week
Ephesos: Periurban Research
The study of the environs of Ephesos is the central focus of the current research project in order to define the catchment area of the city. This applies to both the harbor landscape as well as the agricultural hinterland and the suburbs, i.e. the dense development that grew outside the city walls. Today large swaths of land are privately owned and covered with fruit plantations. As a result the subsoil can only be investigated with special permits.
Simon Keay (Universität Southampton): ERC-Projekt »PortusLimen« University of Vienna Jasmin Ableidinger (DOC-Programme)
OeAW-OeAI University of Vienna DOC-team Fellowship
Since 2008 large scale surveys, architectural documentation, geophysical and geoarchaeological prospections have been carried out. The study draws on a total of about 200 ha of geophysical surveys and 268 cores. An area of 320,000 m2 has been surveyed and the find material has been quantitatively recorded or collected. Only selective excavations were carried out in order to clarify questions regarding chronology. Simultaneously the archival material was studied in particular historical aerial photographs and illustrations as well as the evaluation of literary sources.
The Ephesian harbor landscape
The study of the harbor landscape is essential for the understanding of the city of Ephesos. Over thousands of years of extreme efforts have been made to ensure a direct access to the sea. The canal system was a technical masterpiece that connected the Roman harbor city with the coast and remained in use until late into the Byzantine period.
While the importance of a working harbor for the prosperity of the city was never questioned from the beginning of archaeological investigations in Ephesos, the systematic archaeological investigation only took place in the last several years. This circumstance was due to the complex natural conditions that necessitated an interdisciplinary research approach with the use of the most modern methods and analysis procedures.
At the center of the investigations is the organization of the harbor system of Ephesos that was developed over centuries with a succession of harbors, moorings, canals, and navigation signs. An emphasis has been placed on the structural design of the port itself, particularly the specific installations, infrastructural buildings as well as in their urban connection. Another aspect that needs to be taken into consideration is the economic importance of the city as the most important center for trade between the Mediterranean and Anatolia with a considerable amount of goods transportation that was processed in the harbor where the customs collection took place.
Along the Harbor Channel areas were surveyed that had previously been geophysically surveyed and showed densely built as well as undeveloped areas. Although the surface finds do not demonstrate any differences in terms of quantity, their composition differs. The overrepresented cooking wares and amphorae indicate domestic use in the built-up area while the material from the other areas can either be related with necropoleis or also with secondary leveling. The pottery begins in the late Hellenistic period and reaches to the 5th/6th century CE; Byzantine finds are entirely lacking.
The region to the south and southeast of the Magnesian Gate and reaching to the modern village Acarlar belongs to the suburban area of Ephesos. It is interesting to observe that -– unlike along the harbor channel – different artifact frequencies were registered. The highest density was identified immediately outside the fortification and likely represents urban waste disposal behavior. Misfired pottery provide information on the presence of pottery producing workshops in this area. The high concentration of bricks in individual fields probably originate from tombs as is confirmed by fragments of burial inscriptions. The processing of agricultural goods is evidenced by remains of presses and mills.
The suburban structures in the northwest of the city directly adjacent to the Roman harbor are geophysically particularly informative. Here a dense, multi-phase development and an irregular street grid emerges. In a research project organized as a dissertation the geophysical basic data must be evaluated and archaeologically interpreted. The analysis of the geoarchaeological results are also intended on a micro level. Based on these evaluations, a reconstruction of the city and its landscape will be attempted that will do justice to the complexity and dynamics of the settlement center of Ephesos.
Villages and villas
Very little is known of the rural settlements in the immediate vicinity of Ephesos. Villages are mentioned in inscriptions but so far not one has been excavated. Additionally, there must have been numerous villas, namely both agricultural establishments as well as luxurious country estates of wealthy Ephesian citizens. A large villa 10,000 m2 in size was discovered with ground-penetrating radar 4 km west of the city. The layout follows the type of an Eckrisalit (pavilion) villa known from the northwestern provinces and is dated through surface finds to the 2nd/3rd century CE. A second villa was documented to the south east of Ephesos.
Furthermore, stray finds testify to numerous villages in the surroundings of the city as well as the adjacent valleys. However, their exploration is still at the beginning and until now has depended on random finds.