At the beginning of 2006 extensive cleanup-work was carried out in the lower city of Ephesos - especially in the area between the Church of Mary and the Arkadiane. Through this, several walls became visible again that had been interpreted at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century as structures from the Middle Ages and therefore as part of the post-Antique city.
The massive reconstruction can especially be noted in the area of the Harbour Gymnasium and the Verulanus Halls. It has to be pointed out that test trenches inside the palaestrae of the Harbour Gymnasium and the Verulanus Halls provided no evidence of secondary structures; apparently they were concentrated on the surrounding halls.
These domestic buildings, the new findings in the ‘Byzantine Palace’ and the results of the geophysical prospections of the recent years, which seem to show similar reconstruction to the south of the Arkadiane, point to profound changes in the lower city of Ephesos at the latest in the 5th century AD.
In course of the current research the importance of these domestic quarters for urban questions will be scrutinized and it will be examined to which extent light can be shed on the urban setting of the Late Antique-Early Byzantine Ephesos (political and ecclesiastic centres, domestic areas, public spaces such as streets, piazzas etc.).