Engineers between local engagement and global responsibility

Thanks to the radical technological developments over the last decades, engineering science will have to undergo massive structural changes New strategies for research, education and practice are needed. This book brings together engineers' views of the necessary changes.

The UN Decade for Sustainable Education (2005-2014) aims at discussing the strengths and weaknesses of how values of a sustainable development are integrated and implemented in the education system. From a TA perspective, sustainable development implies a set of new requirements for technical education.

Pollution and lack of resources are causing a shift in perspective

Industrial and economic constraints, catastrophic environmental pollution in many regions and disastrous water, land and air quality are forcing engineers to think differently. In addition, engineers have to take into account the ever-increasing complexity of interaction between technology and human beings. In the techno-centric 21st century, engineers are challenged by the uncertainties associated with the impacts of their designs on their respective societies.

Sustainability comes from practice

Although the need for reform has been vaguely identified, there is no agreement on the intensity and targets of the changes needed. Technical universities have implicitly or explicitly started integrating values and principles of sustainable development. The concept of sustainability is therefore gradually shaping the technical knowledge and working habits of the next generation of engineers and will influence the development and use of technology in the future.

This book presents an analysis of engineers' views about the changes needed in research, education and the organization of technical universities. This empirical analysis is combined with the results of discussions on the sustainable university conducted over the last decade. Its aim is to generate recommendations on how technical universities can move towards becoming sustainable universities.

Book: “Technical Education for Sustainability. An Analysis of Needs in the 21st Century”, Mahshid Sotoudeh; part of the series: Environmental Education, Communication and Sustainability (Vol. 30), Peter Lang Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften (Frankfurt am Main, 2009)



  • Sotoudeh, M. (2009). Technical Education for Sustainability. An Analysis of Needs in the 21st Century. (W. L. Filho, Tran.), Technical Education for Sustainability: An Analysis of Needs in the 21st Century (p. 244). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften.
  • Sotoudeh, M., Bechtold, U., & Kastenhofer, K. (2008). Technische Ausbildung für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung: EESD 2008. Ita-Newsletter, 12. Retrieved from
  • Sotoudeh, M. (2008). Needs for technical education for sustainability in the 21th century. TU Graz, Wien.
  • Sotoudeh, M. (2008). Mitverantwortung für Technikfolgen übernehmen. Gaia - Ökologische Perspektiven Für Wissenschaft Und Gesellschaft, 251-253.
  • Sotoudeh, M. (2008). Technische Ausbildung auf dem Weg zur Nachhaltigkeit, 10. Retrieved from
  • Sotoudeh, M. (2007). Technische Ausbildung zwischen lokalem Engagement und globaler Verantwortung, 6. Retrieved from
  • Sotoudeh, M. (2006). Nachhaltigkeit in der technischen Ausbildung, 10. Retrieved from
  • Sotoudeh, M. (2006). Influence of social values on R&D of clean technologies in a sustainable development. (C. Subai, Ferrer-Balas, D., Mulder, K. F., & Moszkowicz, P., Eds.), Engineering Education in Sustainable Development 2006. Lyon.
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  • 23/04/2012 , Schloss Seggau, Leibnitz
    Walter Peissl,  Mahshid Sotoudeh,  Niklas Gudowsky-Blatakes: 
    Forward-looking studies for sustainable development; CIVISTI method with strong participative elements
    Tardis 2012, Time and time-frames for sustainability
    Other Invited Lecture
  • 09/05/2008 , Linz
    Mahshid Sotoudeh: 
    Jenseits der Laborwände - Technikfolgenabschätzung als Schlüsselqualifikation für Technikberufe, Technikfolgen-Nachhaltigkeit-Geschlechtergereichtigkeit
    Technologiefolgen - Nachhaltigkeit - Geschlechtergerechtigkeit?
    Other Invited Lecture
  • 05/10/2006 , Lyon
    Mahshid Sotoudeh: 
    Influence of social values on R&D of clean technologies in a sustainable development
    Engineering Education in Sustainable Development - EESD 2006
    Other Lecture
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05/2006 - 06/2008