Life Science in European Society

The research brought together an international team to analyse the Eurobarometer survey on attitudes towards biotechnology conducted in 1999.

It investigated how public perceptions of life sciences had evolved during the 1990s, using the 1993, 1996 and 1999 Eurobarometer surveys; it contextualised the findings of EB99 and the time series data with parallel data on media coverage and policy-making in each of the participating countries. Furthermore, a series of comparative case studies analysed key themes in the development of life sciences in Europe.

The work was conducted in three phases:

  1. Survey data analysis: The same team was responsible for the detailed analysis and interpretation of the Eb 46.1 (1996). On the basis of the experience gained in this analysis, the team established an international data base derived from EB99. This data base facilitates the efficient and systematic exploitation of the three surveys to be used for purposes of time series comparisons (EB99, EB93 and EB96).
  2. Integration: Building on the structural foundations set out in previous work (Durant, Bauer & Gaskell Eds., Biotechnology in the Public Sphere, London, Science Museum, 1998), the team integrated the survey findings with new longitudinal data on media coverage and public policy-making in life science in Europe. Working to a common format, each participating country team wrote a synthetic national profile concerning the continuing dynamics of public debate about life sciences in the public sphere.
  3. Case Studies: The integrative work described above provided the context for a series of detailed comparative case studies devoted to key dimensions of the ongoing pubic debate about life sciences in Europe. Topics included both specific applications (e.g., GM foods, cloning and xenotransplantation) and broader, structural issues (e.g., the role of non-governmental organisations, the institutionalisation of ethics, and the role of the media in the ongoing debate). The case studies provided an opportunity for in-depth, comparative and critical examanation of the relations between public perceptions, regulatory initiatives and media coverage in different European countries.

Publikationen

Publikationen

  • Gaskell, G., Allum, N., Wagner, W., Kronberger, N., Torgersen, H., Hampel, J., & Bardes, J. (2004). GM foods and the misperception of risk perception. Risk Analysis, 185–194.
  • Torgersen, H. (2004). The real and perceived risks of genetically modified organisms. Embo Reports, 17-21.
  • Bogner, A. (2004). Kritik der Life-Politics – zum Grenzziehungsdiskurs der Humangenetik. Österreichische Zeitschrift Für Soziologie, 29, 49-71. Retrieved from http://www.pressekatalog.de/Kritik+der+Life%2DPolitics+%97+zum+Grenzziehungsdiskurs+der+Humangenetik_ARTID_10.1007-ab-s11614-004-0021-7.htm?X=X
  • Bogner, A. (2003). „Unsere Aufgabe ist es halt ganz klare Grenzen zu ziehen“ – Gestaltungszwänge und professionelle Handlungsorientierungen in der Humangenetik. In S. Geideck & Liebert, W. A. (Eds.), Sinnformeln. Soziologische und linguistische Einsichten in die Konstitution kollektiver Orientierungen. Berlin/New York: de Gryuter.
  • Gaskell, G., & et al.,. (2003). Europeans and Biotechnology in 2002 – Eurobarometer 58.0 (2nd Edition: March 21st), A report to the EC Directorate General for Research from the project 'Life Sciences in European Society' QLG7-CT-1999-00286.
  • Wagner, W., Kronberger, N., & Torgersen, H. (2003). Europaweite Umfrage zur Biotechnologie. Science.orf.at, Online.
  • Torgersen, H. (2002). Austria and the TransatlanticAgricultural Biotechnology Divide. Science Communications, 173-183.
  • Torgersen, H., & Hampel, J. et al. (2002). Promise, problems and proxies: twenty-five years of debate and regulation in Europe. In Bauer, M., Gaskell, G. (Ed.), Biotechnology. The Making of a global controversy, Cambridge University Press (pp. 21-94).
  • Torgersen, H. (2001). Die Öffentlichkeit ist über Gentechnik nicht "uninformiert". Ita-Newsletter, 6-7.
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Konferenzbeiträge/Vorträge

Konferenzbeiträge/Vorträge

  • 09/10/2004
    Alexander Bogner: 
    Gestaltungszwänge und professionelles Entscheiden am Beispiel genetischer Diagnostik und Beratung
    Konferenz der Sektion Wissenschafts- und Technikforschung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie, Humboldt-Universität Berlin
    Other Lecture
  • 24/09/2003
    Alexander Bogner: 
    Scientific policy advice?
    Expert dissent and political decisions, 6th Conference of the European Sociological Association, Murcia, September 24
    Other Lecture
  • 26/04/2003
    Helge Torgersen: 
    25 years of the Great European GM Food Debate – Lessons from the policy front
    GE3LS conference ‚Crossing Over: Genomics in the Public Arena’, Kananskis, Alberta
    Other Lecture
  • 01/04/2003
    Helge Torgersen: 
    Einstellungen zur Biotechnologie in Europa und Österreich
    Einige Ergebnisse der Eurobarometer-Umfrage 58.0 vom Herbst 2002, Kuratoriumssitzung des ITA, Wienl
    Other Lecture
  • 31/10/2002
    Helge Torgersen: 
    Public Mobilisation
    Green Coalitions and the European Resistance Towards Biotechnology. Conference on Agricultural Biotechnology, Kellogg Conference Center, October 31 – November 3, East Lansing, MI, USA
    Other Lecture
  • 27/10/2002
    Helge Torgersen: 
    The Lack of Acceptance – Some Myths Revisited
    Networks in Plant Biology . 1st European Plant Science Organisation Conference, 27. – 31. Okt., Brunnen, Schweiz
    Other Lecture
  • 20/10/2002
    Helge Torgersen: 
    The Making and Fading of a controversy – The public debate on biotech over the last 10 years – and the years to come
    Workshop Implementation of Biosafety Frameworks, Agricultural Biotechnology Centre (ABC), October 20 – 26, Gödöllö, Ungarn
    Other Lecture
  • 27/08/2002
    Helge Torgersen: 
    How to Catch Slime: Objectifying Ever-Changing Technologies through Political Regulation
    6th International Conference on Social Representations – 1.9., Stirling, UK
    Other Lecture
  • 29/01/2002
    Helge Torgersen: 
    Politische Entwicklung der Gentechnik 1996-2000
    Gentechnik: Ende der Kontroverse? Podiumsdiskussion mit Buchpräsentation, ORF Radiocafé 29.Jänner, Wien
    Other Lecture
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Duration

02/2000 - 01/2004

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