Bilateral use of current cochlear implant (CI) systems allows for the localization of sound sources in the left-right dimension. However, localization in the front-back and up-down dimensions (within the so-called sagittal planes) is restricted as a result of insufficient transmission of the relevant information.
In normal hearing listeners, localization within the sagittal planes is mediated when the pinna (outer ear) evaluates the spectral coloring of incoming waveforms at higher frequencies. Current CI systems do not provide these so-called pinna cues (or spectral cues), because of behind-the-ear microphone placement and the processor's limited analysis-frequency range.
While these technical limitations are relatively manageable, some fundamental questions arise:
The improvement of sound source localization in the front-back dimension is regarded as an important aspect in daily traffic safety.
FWF (Austrian Science Fund): Project #P18401-B15
Finished in Sept. 2010