The Dynamics of Violence in Bosnia (1941/1942)

and the Influence of Ethnically Motivated Crimes on the Postwar Multinational Communist-led Society: The Case of Višegrad

 

The present research project examines and analyses at the micro-local level the interethnic and interideological violence and conflicts in the Second World War and culture of remembrance in the postwar communist led society.



The examination is carried out at the micro level, by considering a multinational province in East Bosnia (Višegrad), where four religious groups have been living for centuries, and which in 1941 turned into a bloody, interethnic battleground and crime scene. The focus of first part of research is the first year of the war 1941/42, when the dynamics of violence and crimes in the area of Višegrad was the most intensive, with the aim of investigting the sudden spread of interethnic violence in a single multiethnic community, and the impact of the violence on social, political and military events and phenomena. The second field pertains to the culture of remembrance, and include the examination of the form, function and the practice of remembrance of the war in a local multiethnic community during the 1950s and 1960s. In this section it is analysed how the Communist Party and Associations of War Veterans formed and applied the war remembrance and which forms of it they utilized in local level. In addition to that, the second part of the analysis will examine the public attitude towards the official remembrance, i.e. extra-institutional attitude of the public or its parts towards the official remembrance.