The Spatial Transform of Sound Fields (STSF) is an extension of the acoustic holography that enables the handling of incoherent sound sources.


The Karhunen Loeve Expansion or Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method is used to separate the random field recorded at different microphone positions into coherent components. Again, acoustic holography is used to transform every component from the measurement plane into a plane in arbitrary depth. If needed, the total incoherent sound field in the chosen depth can be reconstructed.


Localization of incoherent sound sources near the hull of the structure.