Glottocode: timo1262; ISO 639/3: none; Self-denomination: rumîńeșťe

Timok Romanian (also known as Vlach, Vlach Romanian; Serbian: vlaški, standard Romanian: română timoceană) is a variety of Romanian spoken in Eastern Serbia, South of the Danube. The members of the community call it rumîńașće, rumîńeșťe or, as a very recent development, ljimba Vlaha.

The speakers of the variety, the Timok Vlachs (standard Romanian: români din Timoc, români timoceni, vlahi, Serbian: Vlasi (severoistočne Srbije),Timok Vlach: rumâń, vlah́) are the majority population in around 170 rural settlements of Eastern Serbia, spread along the Mlava, Morava, Pek and Timok rivers (see Vorbar). Though the hydronym Timok inaccurately reflects the geographical location of the Vlachs, the name of the community, a Romanian creation coined in the first half of the 18th century, was subsequently perpetuated and is still used today.

Apart from Eastern Serbia, the language is also spoken by the same population inhabiting the neighbouring Northwest Bulgaria, though in much smaller numbers, as well as by large communities of Timok Vlachs settled in Western Europe (Austria, Germany, France etc.) and Scandinavia, starting with the 1960s (Schierup and Ålund 1986).

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