Jack Bowers


(+43 1) 51581 – 7270


… studied Linguistics and Computational Linguistics at San Jose State University (San Jose, CA, USA). His major area of focus is on working towards improving the existing standards and practices of linguistic/lexicographic markup and applying linguistic expertise to the integration of multiple textual and/or spoken data sources, with metadata and semantic/knowledge resources.

In his previous project at INRIA (France), he and the project director, Laurent Romary, worked on creating solutions for linguistically-based XML modeling of various types of underdocumented lexical data types in TEI dictionaries, including: etymology, compounding, variation, morphological/inflected data. Additionally, this project made some important strides on the utilization of linked open data sources in defining the lexical sense of an entry. Also central to the goals of this work is data compatibility between the major standards of lexical markup i.e. TEI, LMF, and the emerging ONTOLEX project.

Other significant experience is the documentation (TEI-XML & multimedia resource/corpus creation) of the Mixtepec-Mixtec language variety (spoken Juxtlahuaca district, Oaxaca Mexico) which began in 2011.


  • Bowers, Jack, Jeremías Salazar, and Tisu'ma Salazar. 2019. Mixtepec Mixtec Language Resources. doi:10.7910/DVN/BF2VNK.
  • Bowers, Jack, Mohamed Khemakhem, and Laurent Romary. 2019. TEI Encoding of a Classical Mixtec Dictionary Using GROBID-Dictionaries. Iztok Kosem, Zingano Kuhn, Tanara, Correia, Margarita, Ferreira, Jóse Pedro, Jansen, Maarten, Pereira, Isabel, Kallas, Jelena, Jakubíček, Miloš, Krek, Simon, and Tiberius, Carole. Electronic lexicography in the 21st century: Smart lexicography. Proceedings of the eLex 2019 conference. Sintra: Lexical Computing CZ s.r.o.
  • Bowers, Jack, Philipp Stöckle, Ludwig Maximilian Breuer, and Hans Christian Breuer. 2019. Native-TEI dialectal dictionary for Bavarian dialects in Austria: data structure, software and workflow. TEI 2019. What is text, really? TEI and beyond. Book of Abstracts. Graz: Centre for Information Modelling - Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities.
  • Romary, Laurent, Mohamed Khemakhem, Fahad Khan, Jack Bowers, Nicoletta Calzolari, Monte George, and Piotr Bański. 2019. LMF Reloaded. Mehmet Gürlek, Çiçekler, Ahmet Naim, and Taşdemir, Yasin. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference of the Asian Association for Lexicography. Istanbul: ASOS.
  • Bowers, Jack, and Philipp Stöckle. 2018. TEI and Bavarian dialect resources in Austria: updates from the DBÖ and WBÖ. Andrew U. Frank, Ivanovic, Christine, Mambrini, Francesco, Passarotti, Marco, and Sporleder, Caroline. Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Corpus-Based Research in the Humanities (CRH-2). Wien: Gerastree proceedings.
  • Bański, Piotr, Jack Bowers, and Tomaž Erjavec. 2017. TEI -Lex0 guidelines for the Encoding of Dictionary Information on Written and Spoken Forms. Iztok Kosem, Tiberius, Carole, Jakubíček, Miloš, Kallas, Jelena, Krek, Simon, and Baisa, Vít. Electronic lexicography in the 21st century: Proceedings of eLex 2017 conference. Brno: Lexical Computing CZ s.r.o.
  • Bowers, Jack, and Laurent Romary. 2017. Language Documentation and Standards in Digital Humanities: TEI and the documentation of Mixtepec-Mixtec.
  • Bowers, Jack, and Laurent Romary. 2017. Deep encoding of etymological information in TEI. Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative: na.
  • Pernes, Stefan, Jack Bowers, and Laurent Romary. 2017. conceptEntry: A TBX-based expansion of the TEI for the encoding of onomasiological and comparative lexical data.. Selected Papers From The 2017 Tei Conference. Victoria.
  • Romary, Laurent, Piotr Banski, Jack Bowers, Emiliano Degl’Innocenti, Matej Ďurčo, Roberta Giacomi, Klaus Illmayer, et al. 2017. Report on standardization.
  • Bowers, Jack Thompson, and Melanie Seltmann. 2016. Exploring data models for heterogenous dialect data: the case of explore.bread.AT!. Claudia Resch, Hannesschläger, Vanessa, and Wissik, Tanja. TEI Conference and Members' Meeting 2016. September 26-30, Vienna. Book of Abstracts. Vienna.
  • Bowers, Jack Thompson, and Thierry Declerck. 2016. TEI and LEMON: a comparative study on the lexical encoding and interoperability. Claudia Resch, Hannesschläger, Vanessa, and Wissik, Tanja. TEI conference and members´ meeting 2016. Book of Abstracts. Vienna.
  • Dorn, Amelie, Eveline Wandl-Vogt, Jack Bowers, and Thierry Declerck. 2016. The colour of language! Exploiting non-standard language colour terms semantically for interdisciplinary research. PICS 2016. Progress in Colour Studies. Darwin Lecture Theatre, University College London, 14 – 16 September 2016. London.
  • Dorn, Amelie, Eveline Wandl-Vogt, Jack Bowers, Barbara Piringer, and Melanie Seltmann. 2016. exploreAT! – perspectives of exploring a dialect language resource in a framework of European digital infrastructures. 1st International Conference on Sociolinguistics (ICS-1). Abstract Book. 1-3 September, Budapest. Budapest.
  • Siemund, Melanie, Jack Bowers, and Barbara Piringer. 2016. Die DBÖ als Ressource - Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft. 38. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft. Sprachkonzil: Theorie und Experiment. 24.-26. Februar 2016. Universität Konstanz.