The First Female War Correspondents

Abstract


The project looks into the role of female war correspondents in the Spanish Civil War. With the debate about gender equality and the women’s movements at the turn from the 19th to the 20th century, women had started to work as journalists – predominantly for women’s magazines, but also for daily newspapers such as the “Neue Freie Presse”. The Spanish Civil War from 1936-1939 was the first armed conflict in which women were able to take root as war correspondents. Thus, they broke with gender stereotypes – and effectively changed their profession.

Up till today, these women were only examined in the context of general studies of the international press in the Spanish Civil War. Moreover, there are books about or by some of them. However, we do not have a comprehensive account about the first female reporters at the front line, about their particular experiences and their significance. Even in the histories of female journalists, this chapter has been excluded so far. Our research intends to close this gap: At the crossroads between historical and communication sciences, we evaluate the entry of the first female war correspondents into journalism, their modes of operation, their roles and self-concepts – and contextualize the findings in the discourse within historical and communication sciences about the role of women in journalism.

Financing


OeNB Anniversary Fund (Project No. 16092)

CMC Staff


Matthias Karmasin (Project Leader)

Renée Lugschitz (Project Management)

Lectures

Lectures

  • 30/10/2018 , Albacete
    Renée Lugschitz-Kaltenbrunner: 
    “Woman Observers” and “Newsgirls” in the Spanish Civil War
    Congreso Internacional “La Guerra Civil en Castilla-La Mancha”
  • 24/10/2018 , Paris
    Renée Lugschitz-Kaltenbrunner: 
    From underground to light: Regained freedom and new responsibilities of Austrian female volunteers in the Spanish Civil War
    International conference “Involvement and actions of the foreign women volunteers in the international solidarity movement during the Spanish Civil War”
  • 03/11/2017 , Benissa
    Renée Lugschitz-Kaltenbrunner: 
    Solidaridad internacional y compromiso antifascista de los brigadistas Hans Kaiser y Dora Haut
    Gedenkveranstaltung für die Internationalen Brigaden: Solidaridad internacional y compromiso antifascista de los brigadistas Hans Kaiser y Dora Haut
  • 25/05/2017 , Malaga
    Renée Lugschitz-Kaltenbrunner: 
    Foreign female war correspondents in the Spanish Civil War: How they experienced, reflected and covered the conflict
    Internationaler Kongress "Literary Journalism and Civil War: Reportage and Civil Wars through the Ages”
  • 12/11/2015 , Paris
    Renée Lugschitz-Kaltenbrunner: 
    Foreign Women in the Spanish Civil War- the Experience of International Commitment in a National Conflict
    Guerres et expériences européennes: convergences, transferts et circulations

Books and Monographs

Books and Monographs

Articles and Book Chapters

Articles and Book Chapters

  • Lugschitz, R. (2018). Ausländerinnen im Spanischen Bürgerkrieg: Internationales Engagement in einem nationalen Konflikt [Female Foreigners in the Spanish Civil War: International Engagement in a National Conflict]. Comparativ, 28, 48-64.
  • Lugschitz-Kaltenbrunner, R. (2016). Pressebüro und Zensur im Spanischen Bürger*innenkrieg: Reporterinnen zwischen Journalismus, Propaganda und Überwachungg. Österreichische Zeitschrift Für Geschichtswissenschaften, 2016, 160-171.

Research Papers

Research Papers

Popular Publications

Popular Publications

Popular Talks

Popular Talks