Triple A: Algorithms, Automation, Accountability

Abstract


The trend towards digitization and big data is accompanied by the increasing application and relevance of algorithms and processes of “algorithmic selection”. Algorithmic selection is the technological and functional core of a multitude of Internet and data processing applications such as search engines, information aggregators, recommender and scoring systems, observation and forecast applications, intelligent filtering, content production and allocation applications like algo-trading. Algorithms shape the circulations of popular culture and they are a source of social order. The strong influence and power of algorithms stands in sharp contrast to rather opaque accountability structures regarding algorithmic selection. The socio-technological settings of algorithms are characterized by the involvement of multiple actors and software that increasingly operates autonomously. Accountability mechanisms and legal standards that govern automated decision processes have not kept pace with technology. Our research explores the social implications of the growing influence of algorithms. This includes the risks that emerge with the growing diffusion of algorithms and automated decision-making as well as suitable governance and accountability arrangements.

Funding


Research activities under the framework of Triple A are funded by the Vienna Anniversary Fund for the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the Faculty of Humanities of the Alpen Adria Universität, Sky, and under the Go!digital Programme of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.

CMC Staff


Florian Saurwein (Project Leader)

Charlotte Spencer-Smith

Projects and Events


Research project: Media reporting on algorithms, robotics and artificial intelligence: Representation of risks and responsibility in the automation debate (MARA)

Research project: Content moderation on Internet platforms: Options for a governance arrangement at national level (COMOD)

Research project: The Automation of the social: Algorithmic selection in social online networks (ALISON)

Scientific conference: Regulation of Internet platforms

Public panel discussion: Responsible Automation. How can we control algorithms, robots and artificial intelligence.

Expert workshop: Electronic person, governance-by-design & co. Potential and limits of innovative approaches for the control of algorithms and robots.

Lectures

Lectures

  • 11/06/2019 , Wien
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Content Moderation im Internet: Potenziale für nationale Ombudsstellen
    CMC-Vortragsreihe "Medienpolitik - neu denken"
  • 05/05/2019 , Graz
    Jaro Krieger-Lamina,  Florian Saurwein,  Charlotte Spencer-Smith: 
    Algorithmic Selection in Social Media: Risks and Industry Governance
    18th Annual STS Conference Graz 2019: "Critical Issues in Science, Technology and Society Studies“
  • 25/04/2019 , Wien
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Regulierung von Internet-Inhalten: Verantwortlichkeit jenseits der Providerhaftung
    Kommunikationswissenschaftliche Tage 2019: "Verantwortung", Universität Wien
  • 07/03/2019 , St. Pölten
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Algorithmen als Herausforderung für Governance: Problemstellungen und Lösungsansätze am Beispiel Content Moderation auf Internet-Plattformen
    Symposium Medienethik der FH St. Pölten
  • 19/11/2018 , Salzburg
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Algorithms, automation and the media
    MA program "Digital Communication Leadership", Universität Salzburg
  • 26/04/2018 , Universität Salzburg
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Algorithmen in sozialen Online Netzwerken: Problemverursacher und Lösungsoption
    Expertenworkshop im Rahmen des interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekts 'Assessing Big Data' (ABIDA): "Automatisierte Zensur? Technische Lösungen zur Regulation politischer Online-Kommunikation"
  • 14/02/2018 , Vienna
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Politics of automation: Risks and accountability in the domain of algorithmic selection
    International Research Conference Robophilosophy 2018: "Envisioning Robots In Society: Politics, Power, And Public Space"
  • 19/01/2018 , Vienna
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Governance of Algorithms: Institutional approaches and practical limits
    Workshop „Regulating Artificial Intelligence“, WU Wien
  • 20/11/2017 , Salzburg
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Algorithms, automation and the media
    Master in Digital Communication Leadership, Universität Salzburg
  • 28/06/2017 , Klagenfurt
    Florian Saurwein,  Tobias Eberwein: 
    Verantwortungsfragen im Kontext des Automatisierungstrends: Zunehmende Automatisierung - Verteilte Verantwortlichkeit [Questions of responsibility in the context of automation: Increasing automation - distributed accountability]
    Workshop "Der Mensch im digitalen Zeitalter", Alpen-Adria-Universität
  • 02/12/2016 , Ludwigsburg
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Automatisierung, Algorithmen, Accountability - Eine Governance Perspektive
    Jahrestagung des Interdisciplinary Media Ethics Center (IMEC): "Brauchen Maschinen Ethik – und wenn ja welche? Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf selbständig "handelnde und kommunizierende" Systeme"
  • 08/11/2016 , Prag
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Emerging structures of control for algorithms on the Internet: Distributed agency - distributed accountability
    ECREA 2016 preconference: "Media Accountability at the Crossroads: European Challenges and Perspectives"
  • 05/10/2016 , Berlin
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Governing algorithms on the Internet: approaches, options, gaps
    17th Annual Conference of the Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR): "Internet rules"
  • 30/05/2016 , Wien
    Florian Saurwein: 
    Algorithmische Selektion: Risiken und Governance der automatisierten Auswahl im Internet
    16. Österreichische Konferenz für Technikfolgenabschätzung (TA-16): Smart New World - Was ist "smart" an smarten Technologien?

Books and Monographs

Books and Monographs

Articles and Book Chapters

Articles and Book Chapters

  • Saurwein, F. (2019). Emerging structures of control for algorithms on the Internet: Distributed agency – distributed accountability. In T. Eberwein, Fengler, S., & Karmasin, M. (Eds.), Media Accountability in the Era of Post-Truth Politics: European Challenges and Perspectives (pp. 196-211). London/New York: Routledge.
  • Saurwein, F. (2019). Automatisierung, Algorithmen, Accountability. Eine Governance Perspektive [Automatization, algorithms, accountability. A governance perspective]. In M. Rath, Krotz, F., & Karmasin, M. (Eds.), Maschinenethik. Normative Grenzen autonomer Systeme (pp. 35-56). Wiesbaden: Springer VS. doi:10.1007/978-3-658-21083-0
  • Saurwein, F., Just, N., & Latzer, M. (2017). Algorithmische Selektion im Internet: Risiken und Governance automatisierter Auswahlprozesse [Algorithmic selection on the Internet: Risks and governance of automated selection processes]. Kommunikation@gesellschaft, 18, 1-22. Retrieved from http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-51466-4
  • Latzer, M., Just, N., Hollnbucher, K., & Saurwein, F. (2016). The economics of algorithmic selection. In J. M. Bauer & Latzer, M. (Eds.), Handbook on the Economics of the Internet (pp. 395-425). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publ. doi:10.4337/9780857939852.00028
  • Saurwein, F., Just, N., & Latzer, M. (2015). Governance of algorithms: Options and limitations. Info - The Journal Of Policy, Regulation And Strategy For Telecommunications, Information And Media, 17, 35 - 49. doi:10.1108/info-05-2015-0025

Research Papers

Research Papers

Popular Publications

Popular Publications

  • Saurwein, F. (2018). Regulierung von Internet-Plattformen: Gut gemeint oder gut gemacht? [Regulating internet platforms: well intended or well done?]. Derstandard.at. Retrieved from https://derstandard.at/2000088213610/Regulierung-von-Internet-Plattformen-Gut-gemeint-oder-gut-gemacht?_blogGroup=1
  • Saurwein, F. (2017). Verantwortung im Zeitalter der Automatisierung [reprint]. European Journalism Observatory (Ejo). Retrieved from http://de.ejo-online.eu/digitales/verantwortung-im-zeitalter-der-automatisierung
  • Saurwein, F. (2017). Macht der Algorithmen: Einfluss ohne Verantwortung?. Derstandard.at. Retrieved from http://derstandard.at/2000064791531/Macht-der-Algorithmen-Einfluss-ohne-Verantwortung

Popular Talks

Popular Talks

  • 16/10/2018 , Wien
    Jaro Krieger-Lamina,  Florian Saurwein,  Charlotte Spencer-Smith: 
    Algorithmische Selektion im Internet
    Präsentationsveranstaltung „Wissen für Wien. Forschungsprojekte der ÖAW zur Stadt stellen sich vor“

In the media


Nachhilfe in Maschinen-Ethik, ÖAW Web-Interview mit Ingrid Brodnig, 2. Oktober 2017

Macht der Algorithmen: Einfluss ohne Verantwortung? derstandard.at, 27. September 2017