The First Female War Correspondents
The project looks into the role of female war correspondents in the Spanish Civil War. With the debate about gender equality and the women’s movements at the turn from the 19th to the 20th century, women had started to work as journalists – predominantly for women’s magazines, but also for daily newspapers such as the “Neue Freie Presse”. The Spanish Civil War from 1936-1939 was the first armed conflict in which women were able to take root as war correspondents. Thus, they broke with gender stereotypes – and effectively changed their profession.
Up till today, these women were only examined in the context of general studies of the international press in the Spanish Civil War. Moreover, there are books about or by some of them. However, we do not have a comprehensive account about the first female reporters at the front line, about their particular experiences and their significance. Even in the histories of female journalists, this chapter has been excluded so far. Our research intends to close this gap: At the crossroads between historical and communication sciences, we evaluate the entry of the first female war correspondents into journalism, their modes of operation, their roles and self-concepts – and contextualize the findings in the discourse within historical and communication sciences about the role of women in journalism.
“Woman Observers” and “Newsgirls” in the Spanish Civil War
Congreso Internacional “La Guerra Civil en Castilla-La Mancha”
From underground to light: Regained freedom and new responsibilities of Austrian female volunteers in the Spanish Civil War
International conference “Involvement and actions of the foreign women volunteers in the international solidarity movement during the Spanish Civil War”
Solidaridad internacional y compromiso antifascista de los brigadistas Hans Kaiser y Dora Haut
Gedenkveranstaltung für die Internationalen Brigaden: Solidaridad internacional y compromiso antifascista de los brigadistas Hans Kaiser y Dora Haut
Foreign female war correspondents in the Spanish Civil War: How they experienced, reflected and covered the conflict
Internationaler Kongress "Literary Journalism and Civil War: Reportage and Civil Wars through the Ages”
Foreign Women in the Spanish Civil War- the Experience of International Commitment in a National Conflict
Guerres et expériences européennes: convergences, transferts et circulations
Books and Monographs
Articles and Book Chapters
- (2020). Irish correspondent Gertrude Gaffney’s work on the Spanish Civil War. A qualitative analysis of bias and journalistic standards. Estudios Sobre El Mensaje Periodístico, 26, 1471-1483. doi:10.5209/esmp.71376.
- (2020). “Color Stories” from the Front. Foreign Female Correspondents Covering the Spanish Civil War. In García Galindo A., Meléndez Malavé, N., & Cuartero A., (Eds.), Literary Journalism and Civil War (pp. 141-166). Nancy: PUN Editions..
- (2019). Der ‚weibliche Blick‘ im Spanischen Bürgerkrieg – Reporterinnen im und über den Kampf zwischen Demokratie und Diktatur [The "female eye" in the Spanish Civil War - Female Reporters about the Fight between Democracy and Dictatorship]. In W. D. Bettina Paur and Wolfgang Lamprecht (Ed.), Frauen.Medien.Krieg. (pp. 255-268). Berlin - Münster - Wien: LIT..
- (2019). Collègues, égales et camarades. Les volontaires étrangères dans la guerre civile espagnole (1936-1939) [Colleagues, Equals, and Comrades. Female Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)]. Cahiers D'histoire. Revue D'histoire Critique, 141, 19-36. Retrieved from https://journals.openedition.org/chrhc/9645#text.
- (2018). Ausländerinnen im Spanischen Bürgerkrieg: Internationales Engagement in einem nationalen Konflikt [Female Foreigners in the Spanish Civil War: International Engagement in a National Conflict]. Comparativ, 28, 48-64..
- (2016). Pressebüro und Zensur im Spanischen Bürger*innenkrieg: Reporterinnen zwischen Journalismus, Propaganda und Überwachungg. Österreichische Zeitschrift Für Geschichtswissenschaften, 2016, 160-171..