All projects reports are freely and publicly available
The ITA publishes all research results not only in scientific articles, but at first in project reports. These are written in English or in German, depending on whether they stem from an international or a national project; abstracts are always available in both languages. All project reports are published on EPUB-OEAW.
ISSN (print): 1819-1320 – ISSN (online): 1818-6556
ITA project reports in english language:
- EPTA [Hrsg.], (2016) The Future of Labour in the Digital Era. Ubiquitous Computing, Virtual Platforms, and Real-time Production. Vienna; im Auftrag von: European Parliamentary Technology Assessment (EPTA).
Digitalization, automation and increasing robotisation in health care, industry and beyond, coupled with the advent of platform-based competitive mediation of work (crowdworking) – all impact on the future of work and labour. The associated challenges to the labour market, working conditions, wages, and the blurring boundary between private and professional life are the topic of intensive political and societal debate in many countries. Just take the conflicts surrounding Uber and AirBnB and their entry to traditional markets, as well as the vision of the so-called Internet of Things or cyber-physical systems, as the most prominent issues. Technology assessment (TA) always tries to be at the forefront of such debates. It is therefore not surprising that the member institutions of the European Parliamentary Technology Assessment (EPTA) network have already devoted a number of projects on labour issues related to digitalisation. The Annual EPTA Conference 2016 “The future of labour in the digital era: Ubiquitous computing, virtual platforms and real-time production” was thus devoted to this timely and exciting topic. This report continues a series of similar reports compiled by the respective presidency of the EPTA network. As in previous years, it is a collection of contributions written from the perspectives of all full and associate members of EPTA. This report also includes a general introduction and a synthesis that gives the reader a compact summary of the state-of-the-art in the EPTA countries. The report was originally intended to inform the participants of the Annual EPTA Conference held in the Austrian Parliament in Vienna on 21st October 2016. After the conference it has been amended to reflect the lively debates and to include the preliminary results of the conference debates.
Publisher: EPTA – European Parliamentary Technology Assessment
Published: Vienna; November 2016
Editor: Michael Nentwich
Authors: Tanja Sinozic, Michael Nantwich, Walter Peissl, Georg Aichholzer & Johann Čas
- Mager, Astrid (2015) Glocal Search – Search technology at the intersection of global capitalism and local socio-political cultures: Final Report. ITA/ÖAW: Wien; im Auftrag von: ÖNB.
- Aichholzer, Georg; Rhomberg, Wolfram; Gudowsky, Niklas; Saurwein, Florian; Weber, Matthias (2015) Industry 4.0. Background Paper on the pilot project 'Industry 4.0. Foresight & Technology Assessment on the social dimension of the next industrial revolution'. Bericht-Nr. ITA-AIT-1en; Vienna; im Auftrag von: Parliamentary Administration.
- Kreissl, Reinhard; Neumann, Alexander; Peissl, Walter; Berglez, Regina; Fonio, Chiara et al. [..] (2014) Conduct the observation/interviews – IRISS Deliverable D4.2 (September 2014).; im Auftrag von: EU-FP7.
Deliverable No. D4.2 of the (FP7-) Project "IRISS – Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies". Objective: To investigate societal effects of different surveillance practices from a multi-disciplinary social science and legal perspective.
- Ball, Kirstie; Spiller, Keith; Peissl, Walter; Sterbik-Lamina, Jaro; Rothmann, Robert et al. (2014) Surveillance Impact Report – IRISS Deliverable D3.2 (June 2014).; im Auftrag von: EU-FP7.
Deliverable No. D3.2 of the (FP7-) Project "IRISS – Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies". Objective: To investigate societal effects of different surveillance practices from a multi-disciplinary social science and legal perspective.
Further authors in alphabetical order: Bellanova, Rocco; Bergersen, Stine; Bonns, Wolfgang; Burgess, J. Peter; Ceresa, Alessia; Dahm, Sebastian; Fischer, Daniel; Fonio, Chiara; Friedewald, Michael; Galdon Clavell, Gemma; Galletta, Antonella; Goos, Kerstin; Jones, Richard; Kreissl, Reinhard; Lastic, Eric; LeLeux, Charles; Neumann, Alexander; Norris, Clive; Raab, Charles; Szekely, Ivan; Vissy, Beatrix; Webster, William; Zurawski, Nils
- Krieger-Lamina, Jaro; Birngruber, Stefan (2014) Chapter: Austria Country Reports. In: IRISS (Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies) Deliverable 5: Exercising Democratic Rights Under Surveillance Regimes; Publisher: IRISS Project; Editors: Clive Norris, Xavier L'Hoiry.; im Auftrag von: EU-FP7.
Chapter in Deliverable No. D5 of the (FP7-) Project "IRISS – Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies". Parts: Mapping the legal and administrative frameworks in Austria / Locating the data controller in Austria / Submitting access requests in Austria
- Strauß, Stefan; Nentwich, Michael (2014) Potential and Impacts of Cloud Computing Services and Social Network Websites – Annex Social Network Sites. Bericht-Nr. IP/A/STOA/FWC/2008-096/Lot4/C1/SC8; Science and Technology Options Assessment – European Parliamentary Research Service: Brussels; im Auftrag von: European Parliament.
Cloud computing and social network websites (SNS) are part of the same societal transformation prominently exemplifying a paradigm shift stating that “the network is the computer”1. While cloud computing includes a variety of technical concepts, SNS represent a broad scope of services and applications addressing mostly end-users. Interrelations are particularly given as regards privacy and security challenges. This is also a core part of this report as privacy is among the heavily debated concepts of our contemporary societies – highlighted in particular by SNS.
The report is structured in four main parts: The first part (Sections 1-3) gives a broad overview on the evolution of SNS describing the main stages in the development process, the major factors determining the current state-of-the-art including insights into user motivations. Section 3 presents the main driving factors determining the current SNS, their main characteristics as well as core functionality of SNS. Based on these elaborations the second part (Section 4) gives an overview on the spectrum of identified societal impacts, discusses the role of SNS as a form of a (digital) semi-public space, as well as their potential for political participation and knowledge production. Section 5 analyses in more depth the privacy implications of SNS including some technical aspects and privacy-by-design concepts. The final Section 6 summarizes the key findings and draws conclusions referring to possible options to address the challenges identified.
- Leimbach, Timo; Hallinan, Dara; Bachlechner, Daniel; Weber, Arnd; Jaglo, Maggie et al. [..] (2014) Potential and Impacts of Cloud Computing Services and Social Network Websites – Options Brief. Bericht-Nr. STOA OPTIONS BRIEF No 2014-01; Science and Technology Options Assessment – European Parliamentary Research Service: Brussels; im Auftrag von: European Parliament.
Based on a STOA study by the same title published in January 2014 (epub.oeaw.ac.at/?arp=0x0031bae5)
- Leimbach, Timo; Hallinan, Dara; Bachlechner, Daniel; Weber, Arnd; Jaglo, Maggie et al. [..] (2014) Potential and Impacts of Cloud Computing Services and Social Network Websites – Study. Bericht-Nr. IP/A/STOA/FWC/2008-096/Lot4/C1/SC8; Science and Technology Options Assessment – European Parliamentary Research Service: Brussels; im Auftrag von: European Parliament.
Cloud Computing and Social Network Sites (SNS) are among the most controversially discussed developments in recent years. The opportunities of using powerful computing resources on demand via the web are considered as a possible driver for the growth of the European economy. However, there are also critics arguing that economic, social and technical risks prevail or even dismiss the potentials of Cloud Computing and SNS. This project sheds light on these aspects and analysed more specifically, the latest technological and economic developments, driving factors and barriers in Europe, the main actors and their respective interests, the impacts on citizens, business and public administrations and, a broad range of technical, economic, cultural, legal, regulatory issues and their impacts. It showed that at the moment, there is a chance to achieve multiple Cloud Computing and SNS related goals simultaneously. There are no contradictions between assuring European citizens, secure, privacy aware, legally certain and fair use of Cloud Computing and SNS and in increasing the competitiveness of European ICT industries. Moreover it is possible to exploit the potential of Cloud Computing and SNS to the benefit of both the European economy and society at large. Based on this a set of options for European policy makers grouped into four themes with in total 16 options was derived.
Make security a commodity
1. Support the development of open and secure software and hardware and encryption methods.
2. Encourage the use of checklists and security certifications.
3. Assess the economic viability of large hardware security modules.
4. Initiate a dialogue on the structure and governance of the Future Internet.
Establish privacy as a location advantage
5. Proceed with the modernization of data protection.
6. Establish the principles of security and privacy by design.
7. Support the creation of a European Data Protection Board.
8. Ensure the extraterritorial application of European data protection law.
Build a trustworthy environment for digital business and living
9. Stipulate the setting of minimum requirements for contracts.
10. Support the standardization of Acceptable Use Policies and Service Level Agreements.
11. Eliminate jurisdictional uncertainty.
12. Support the development of Cloud specific certifications.
Create an inspiring ecosystem for ICT industries
13. Encourage the creation of European market players.
14. Support standardization and interoperability.
15. Empower people across all strata of society.
16. Reconsider current broadband strategies
- Leimbach, T.; Hallinan, D.; Bachlechner, D.; Weber, A.; Jaglo, M. et al. [..] (2013) Potential and Impacts of Cloud Computing Services and Social Network Sites. Bericht-Nr. Deliverable No. 5 of the STOA Project 'European Perspectives on impacts and potentials of Cloud Computing and Social Network Sites; im Auftrag von: Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA), European Parliament.
Cloud Computing and Social Network Sites (SNS) are among the most controversially discussed developments in recent years. They are both part of the same societal transformation referring to a paradigm shift stating that “the network is the computer”. The opportunities of using powerful computing resources on demand via the web are considered as a possible driver for the growth of the European economy. Especially cost savings as well as increased productivity and mobility are seen as key elements by many experts. However, there are also critics arguing that economic, social and technical risks prevail or even dismiss the potentials of Cloud Computing and SNS. This project sheds light on these aspects and analyses the potentials and impacts of these developments. This includes a review of the technological and economic developments Cloud Computing is based on, an identification of driving factors and barriers for Cloud Computing in Europe as well as of main actors and their interests; and an analysis of impacts on citizens, business (including the IT industry itself) and public administration including a broad range of technical, economic, cultural, legal, regulatory issues and the impacts on society and economy as a whole. Cloud Computing not least includes a variety of technical concepts that alter computing infrastructures. SNS represent a prominent phenomenon grounding on Cloud Computing with a wide array of services and applications mainly focussed on end-users. Particular interrelations are given in terms of privacy and security challenges which are main issues addressed by the analysis of SNS related impacts.