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Revitalization of Cultural Heritage in Mongolia

Forscher: Gantulga Munkh-Erdene
Betreuerin: Maria Katharina-Lang
Projektlaufzeit: 15..10.2016-25.03.2017
Finanzierung: Ernst Mach Grant (Eurasia-Pacific Uninet)

In Mongolia, following the mining boom, two phenomena have emerged. Those are: development or mega projects and cultural heritage issues. According to the Law of Cultural Heritage, if the companies or organizations want to use any land for economic activities those subjects have to reserve a research for protection and preservation of cultural heritage on the target area of their project. The research must be undertaken by academic or scholarly organizations or individuals. Following this process, several research questions have risen, such as: Is it a revival of traditional culture? What methods emerged concerning the protection process of the cultural heritage? What are the scholars’ activities and roles on this field? However, it is common to consider the revival of Mongolian cultural heritage in connection to the collapse of Soviet Union’s communist regime after being suppressed for over 70 years. Today, we are witnessing another round of similar discourse, which we call revitalization of cultural heritage. For Mongolia, a country with 25 years of democratic history experiencing western development policy, the conventional interpretation regarding oppression of and liberation from the Soviet regime is no longer valid to understand the politics of cultural heritage in Mongolia. Therefore, alternative interpretations are now necessary to comprehend current and further processes of cultural heritage. In this research, I try to explore the new explanation or the new trigger of cultural revival in Mongolia.