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Socio-economic Organisation in a Border Area of Tibetan Culture

JAHODA, Christian
Socio-economic Organisation in a Border Area of Tibetan Culture: Tabo, Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh, India. Veröffentlichungen zur Sozialanthropologie, Band 21

(ISBN: 978-3-7001-7816-3)

With a focus on the peasantry of the village of Tabo in the Spiti Valley in the northwestern Himalayas, this study reconstructs for the first time the development of socio-economic organisation in the Tibetan-speaking areas of Spiti and Upper Kinnaur on the Indo-Tibetan border in Himachal Pradesh (India) over the course of the 10th to 20th centuries. This ethnographic account is combined with an investigation of the system of land ownership in association with the system of taxes and dues to provide an analysis of the historical and current relations between the power-holders and the agricultural producers. Additionally, the region’s political history, playing an essential role in this context, is delineated for the first time. Likewise, in twelve excursuses, selected key topics (such as administrative and taxation systems, corvée labour, regional, supraregional and transnational wool trade, the economy of Buddhist monastic communities and monasteries, and the development of population figures) are examined from a comparative perspective.